Bruxelles, le 23 octobre 2017
La Commission européenne a annoncé l'octroi d'une aide globale de 106 millions d'euros (46 millions d'euros d'aide humanitaire et 60 millions d'aide au développement) afin d'aider directement la population du Soudan touchée par les déplacements forcés, la malnutrition, les épidémies et les conditions climatiques extrêmes récurrentes.
Brussels, 23 October 2017
The European Commission has announced a €106 million support package - €46 million in humanitarian assistance and €60 million for development - to directly assist people in Sudan affected by forced displacement, undernutrition, disease outbreaks and recurrent extreme climatic conditions.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Hundreds of thousands of young Ethiopian lives are under constant threat from drought and food shortages. The good news, however, is that efforts to detect child malnutrition and provide treatment are bearing fruit. With the support of EU humanitarian aid and other donors, UNICEF is helping Ethiopia’s health system improve malnutrition screening and care. From January to October 2016, during the height of the El Niño drought, 272 165 children were treated for severe acute malnutrition.
Numerous countries in Africa are facing conflict, drought, food shortages and widespread displacement. The UN estimates millions of people are on the verge of starvation in Southern and Eastern Africa.
In September 2017, Australia provided $20 million to support international relief efforts in Somalia and South Sudan. This is in addition to the $19.3 million of humanitarian assistance provided to South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Nigeria and Kenya in May 2017.
The combination of drought, El Niño and conflict has left East Africa struggling to survive. The region is facing a monumental hunger crisis with 24 million people affected in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. More than 15 million children in the region are facing health risks due to ongoing drought and insecurity. Of them approximately 800,000 are severely malnourished and at risk of starvation. This largely pastoral region has been hit particularly hard by drought which resulted in an immense loss of livestock.
By: Valeria Sau
An unprecedented drought is affecting East Africa and it is not expected to end any time soon. That means there are more hard times ahead – but from what I saw on my recent visit, the people of South Sudan and Somalia are determined (with CARE’s help and thanks to the generosity of the UK public) to get through it.
The humanitarian crisis has worsened in drought-stricken Ethiopia, with almost three million additional people in need of humanitarian aid this year.
8.5 million people are in dire need in Ethiopia due to worsening drought and a deteriorating food security situation, up from 5.6 million in January, according to the United Nations. Despite this, the international aid appeal for the country is only one quarter funded, nine months into the year.
WASHINGTON, September 14, 2017 — The World Bank today approved a $600 million International Development Association (IDA)* grant to support the Government of Ethiopia’s vision of building a national safety net system to provide effective support in chronically food insecure rural areas, including providing cover during droughts.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Food insecure caseload increased from 5.6 million in December 2016 to 7.8 million in May mainly due to prolonged drought in southeastern pastoral areas
Area of major concern is southern Somali Region, where about 1.8 million people estimated to be facing IPC Phase 4: “Emergency” levels of food insecurity
Widespread livestock emaciation and high mortality rates in drought-affected southern Somali Region severely constraining food availability and access for pastoralist households
Cholera and other diarrheal diseases remain major causes of morbidity and mortality in developing countries and Uganda in particular. Cholera outbreak leads to loss of lives and economic loss to the Country. Each outbreak costs the Country over USD 4,300,000 to control in addition to travel and trade restrictions.
Uganda is faced with frequent outbreaks of emerging diseases and high burden of other endemic conditions, including cholera, all of which require dedicated resources for their prevention and control.
However, like many developing countries, Uganda is resource constrained, has an inadequate health development budget, and limited access to life saving technologies implying that efficient and maximized use of the available resources is paramount.
By James Jeffrey
DOLO ODO, Ethiopia, Sep 5 2017 (IPS) - Grasping its limp leg, a woman drags the carcass of one of her few remaining black-headed sheep away from her family’s domed shelter fashioned out of sticks and fabric that stands alone amid the desiccated scrubland a few kilometers from the town of Dolo Odo in the southeast of Ethiopia near the border with Somalia.
Full title of the project:
Emergency livelihood support to drought-affected pastoral, agropastoral and smallholder farming communities in Afar and Somali Regions
Afar and Somali Regions
Recipient:EthiopiaDonor:United States of America
Contribution:USD 700 000
Normal to below normal rains expected in most parts of Somalia during the Deyr 2017 season
The Deyr rains are usually shorter and less in quantity than the Gu rains. However, they are beneficial in supporting agricultural activities and boosting water availability for different uses. Generally the season starts in late September and ends in November. Nevertheless, this varies from place to place across the country with the northern parts receiving the rains much earlier than the southern parts.
Round 5 relief food distribution kicks off, targeting 3.3 million Relief and PSNP food beneficiaries in Somali region.
OCHA Ethiopia and OCHA AULO Commemorate World Humanitarian Day
The AWD outbreak continues to spread in Amhara region.
A product of the Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group (DRMTWG)
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 31 July 2017 (the information in this issue was compiled ahead of the announcement of the HRD mid-year review).
Due to the lingering effects of the 2015-2016 El Niño-induced drought and poor October-to-December 2016 and March-to-June 2017 rainy seasons, an estimated 8.5 million people in Ethiopia require relief food assistance, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). This is in addition to 8 million chronically food insecure people who receive food or cash assistance through the Government of Ethiopia (GoE)-led Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP).
Human impact summary
On 4 June 2015, Ethiopia’s National Meteorological Agency declared that the spring belg rains had failed. Soon after, the summer kiremt rains were severely delayed and erratic, affecting 9.7 million Ethiopians.
An international group of scientists found that the 2015 drought was an extremely rare event that only happens about once every few hundred years in north-eastern and central Ethiopia.