The American people, through USAID, have been investing in the water sector across the Middle East to improve access to clean water, reduce water losses, facilitate sustainable use of limited resources and improve access to sanitation.
Policy makers in both rich and poor countries around the world estimate that up until 2012 32.4 million people were displaced from 82 countries after being exposed to sudden natural disasters. We find that the displacement results from the cumulative effects of disasters on the affected people. When these displaced people return to their homes that have been affected by the disaster, this is treating the symptoms without addressing the underlying problem.
- On March 4, fighting between pro- and anti-government forces commenced in Zawiyah-located approximately 50 km west of Tripoli-resulting in a least 60 deaths, according to international media reports.
- On March 5, the U.N. Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Valerie Amos traveled to the Tunisia-Libya border to evaluate ongoing relief efforts and assess additional needs.
Note: The last fact sheet was dated March 4, 2011.
· On March 4, the Tunisia humanitarian assessment team (HAT)-comprising staff from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM)-met with humanitarian organizations and began conducting assessments. Relief agencies report adequate capacity to support current population outflows to Tunisia. In addition, the Office of the U.N.
· Humanitarian access to western Libya remained limited due to insecurity. As of March 3, up to 200,000 individuals had fled from Libya to Tunisia, Egypt, and Niger, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). The number of individuals crossing the border into Tunisia has significantly decreased in recent days, with between 2,000 and 5,000 individuals crossing the border on March 3, compared to an average of 15,000 people crossing the border per day earlier this week, according to U.N.
- The situation in western Libya-which remains under control of the Muammar Gaddafi-led government-remains tense. According to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), violence and fighting in several cities, including the capital city of Tripoli, continued on February 28. Access to and information from western areas of Libya remain the most significant humanitarian concerns. Relief agencies are deploying staff to the region to enable a robust humanitarian response once access improves.