A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
On Tuesday, 24 July 2018, DRC’s Minister of Public Health, Oly Ilunga, declared the end of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak that had been plaguing the Equateur Province since May. No new confirmed case of EVD has been reported in this province in the 21 days of monitoring since the last case was found out. Indeed, the last confirmed Ebola patient had been recorded on 6 June and left the Bikoro Treatment Center in the DRC on 12 June 2018.
• High levels of poverty and malnutrition persist in the Republic of the Congo (RoC), despite recent economic growth. According to UN World Food Program (WFP), almost 50 percent of the population lives under the national poverty line and over 20 percent of all children younger than 5 years of age suffer from chronic malnutrition.
• The "cease-fire and cessation of hostilities" agreement signed in December between the Congolese government and the rebels of Pastor Ntumi's Pool is holding. A joint commission is working to define the peace process as DDR-preparation activities are already ongoing.
• In response to the Pool crisis, the Government and the UN Country Team have launched the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2018 in support of both humanitarian and early recovery assistance.
by Adelheid Onyango and Bibi Giyose
Adelheid Onyango is Adviser for Nutrition at the World Health Organization’s Regional Office for Africa and Bibi Giyose is Senior Nutrition and Food Systems officer, and Special Advisor to the CEO of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD).
Brazzaville, 27 July 2018 - The Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) has commended the Republic of Congo’s commitment to strengthening its health system through the primary health care approach, during a three-day visit to the Central African country, which ends on 27 July.
• Suite au lancement du HRP 2018 en mars 2018, peu de contributions ont été reçues à ce jour et la communauté humanitaire fonctionnant en réponse à la crise du Pool est confrontée à un déficit de ressources. Les opérations d'assistance ont été considérablement réduites malgré les besoins croissants et plus diversifiés des populations touchées par le conflit.
Following the launch of the HRP 2018 in March 2018, few contributions have been received to date and the humanitarian community operating in response to the Pool crisis is facing a critical resource shortfall. Assistance operations have been significantly scaled-down despite the increasing and more diversified needs of conflictaffected populations.
“Life has to be rebuilt”
Freelance journalist and IRIN contributor
The jungle has edged into fields left untilled. It has crept onto thatched-roof houses turned to ruins; and it has stretched over empty highways once used to transport bananas, beans, cassava from a region long-known as Congo-Brazzaville’s breadbasket.
Read more on IRIN.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster / crisis
Despite its status as a lower middle-income country, RoC ranks poorly on the Human Development Index. Food production is below national requirements, with only 2 percent of arable land currently under cultivation. RoC produces 30 percent of the country’s food needs and thus imports almost all of its food, leading to high food prices. Forty-eight percent of Congolese live on less than USD 1.25 per day.
UN World Food Program improves nutrition for crisis-affected population
May 2018 — Violence in the Republic of the Congo’s Pool Department displaced a third of the region’s population in 2016. Grace*, a 21-year-old mother of two, fled her home with her children, seeking refuge in Goma TseTse, near the capital of Brazzaville. More than a year later, when the fighting in Pool subsided, Grace and her children returned home.
(MissionNewswire) The Don Bosco Vocational Training Center in Brazzaville, the capital and largest city of the Republic of Congo, recently launched a project for the support of the modernization of vocational training. The project officially launched in May 2018 and runs through October. It aims to further develop the skills of teachers, purchase new equipment and create new vocational training workshops. The overall goal of the project is to improve the training of 21 teachers and increase student enrollment by 3,000 over the next three years.
High levels of poverty and malnutrition persist in the Republic of the Congo (RoC) despite economic growth in recent years. According to UN World Food Program (WFP), almost 50 percent of the population lives under the national poverty line, and over 20 percent of children younger than 5 years of age suffer from chronic malnutrition.
Brazzaville, 16 Mars 2018 – 70,7 millions de dollars sont nécessaires pour poursuivre l’assistance humanitaire et amorcer le relèvement de 114.000 personnes dans le Département du Pool, ont annoncé le Gouvernement et le Système des Nations Unies, ce 16 Mars à Brazzaville lors du lancement du Plan de réponse humanitaire et de relèvement pour 2018 dans la zone précitée.
APERÇU DU CONTEXTE HUMANITAIRE
La résurgence des hostilités dans le Pool depuis avril 2016, dix-sept ans après la fin du premier conflit dans ce département, a occasionné une situation humanitaire grave en termes de sécurité alimentaire, de nutrition, de santé, d’éducation, de protection en général et celle des femmes et des enfants en particulier, d’abris et d’articles non alimentaires.
Brazzaville, 16 March 2018 – 70.7 million dollars are needed to provide humanitarian assistance and to stimulate recovery for 114,000 people in the Pool Department, according to the announcement of the Government and the United Nations in Brazzaville on the 16th March on the occasion of the launch of the 2018 Plan for Humanitarian Response and Early Recovery in the region.