While the majority of literature in the field of refugee studies centres on refugees specifically, recent years have seen an increasing amount of research that looks beyond the refugee communities to the other groups and individuals also affected by refugee emergencies.
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HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE
CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES
At over ten times the size of Ireland, Tanzania is one of the largest countries in East Africa. It has been a country of peace and stability since it gained independence in 1961, and is an emerging multiparty democracy, holding three elections since 1995. Economic growth has been strong since 2000, with annual GDP increases of between 5% and 7% each year. The country has made some good progress towards achieving the MDG targets, particularly in education and environmental sustainability.
However, Tanzania is also one of the worlds poorest with income levels among the lowest in Africa.
Agriculture is the leading sector in the Tanzanian economy, accounting for nearly half of the Gross Domestic Product. 85% of the Tanzanian population is involved in farming; it is estimated that there are 4.8 million smallholder farmers and nearly 3.9 million households keeping livestock. Over 80% of poor Tanzanians live in the rural areas, that is why it is important to support those families who depend on agriculture to make a better living. Tanzanian agriculture is almost completely rain dependent.
Focus on Children
Overall, investments in the health sector are increasing and the health status of Tanzanians has shown some highly encouraging health improvements. Child health in particular has improved, the decline in infant and child mortality is the highest seen in any country in Sub Saharan Africa since 2000 and the annual percentage decline in <5 mortality is the highest seen in the world.
During the 1990s, the health sector in Tanzania faced a period of stagnation. Local health services were characterized by severe shortages of essential drugs, equipment and supplies and deteriorating infrastructure and were plagued by poor management, lack of supervision and lack of staff motivation. The sector also faced stagnating or deteriorating hospital care. There was little cooperation in health service delivery between the public sector, faith-based organizations, and private service providers.
This report covers the period from 9/29/2007 to 10/31/2007
- Food availability in markets remains normal across the country. On-farm stocks in rural areas are generally satisfactory, except in localized areas of the 22 districts that were affected by floods or an early end of rains, leading to poor masika crop performance during the last rainy season (Figure 1).
By Valentine Marc Nkwame
Hadzabe Bushmen who live within the Yaeda-Chini valley in Mbulu district are facing an acute shortage of food. Two of them died recently from what is believed to be famine related. Five children were also seriously sick but amid the worsening situation, Mbulu officials are alleged to have banned church groups from sending food aid to the Bushmen.
Baltimore, October 12, 2007 - Lutheran World Relief is pleased to announce that it has been awarded a grant totaling nearly $900,000 from the U.S.
By Samson Waigwa
Over 250 families of pastoralist communities, who were recently ordered to move away from the vicinity of Oldonyo Lengai volcanic mountain, need urgent food assistance.
Reports from the remote and semi-arid area, nearly 240 kilometres north west of Arusha, say the Monduli and Ngorongoro district authorities are concerned on the deteriorating situation.
Period covered: 1 May to 17 September 2007;
Appeal target: CHF 969,519 (USD 797,302 or EUR 598,469);
Appeal coverage: 15.4%;
Outstanding needs: CHF 820,047 (USD 681,668 or EUR 498,812).
Summary: Tanzania Red Cross National Society (TRCNS) volunteers were mobilized to distribute health and shelter relief items, targeting beneficiaries in Shinyanga, Mwanza, Dodoma, Tabora and Iringa. Most Red Cross volunteers and community workers involved in disseminating messages on Rift Valley Fever (RVF) have received training.
DAR ES SALAAM, 19 September 2007 (IRIN) - Tanzanian health authorities have cautioned people living in regions neighbouring the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) following the outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in the central African country.
Western Tanzanian regions bordering DRC include Mbeya, Rukwa, Kigoma and Kagera.
"All regional medical officers have been instructed to keep on alert because people from eastern parts of DRC enter into Tanzania through the four regions," Wilson Mukama, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, said in a …
Tunis, 5 September 2007 – The African Development Bank (AfDB) Group will support agriculture and education programmes in Tanzania following the approval of two loans on Wednesday in Tunis by the Board of Directors of the African Development Fund (ADF), the concessional window of the Bank Group.
This report covers the period from 7/19/2007 to 8/27/2007
Food security conditions are generally satisfactory, following good harvests throughout the country. Households in localized areas face food shortages caused by the impacts of adverse rainfall earlier in 2007 (see yellow areas in Figure 1), and the number of food insecure households will be established by a rapid vulnerability assessment being started in mid–August.
DAR ES SALAAM, 6 August 2007 (IRIN) - Ten people have died and 20 others were admitted to various health centres after an outbreak of cholera in the northern Tanzanian region of Mara over the past week, a senior health official said.
"The disease was confirmed on Thursday. Medical supplies and teams of doctors and nurses were immediately dispatched to Bunda district, where the disease was first reported on Tuesday [31 July]," Valentino Bhangi, medical officer in charge of Mara region told IRIN by phone from Musoma on 4 August.
Cholera is caused by the bacterium …
The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.
Final Report; Period covered: 13 November 2006 to 5 February 2007.
History of this Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF)-funded operation:
- CHF 30,470 was allocated from the Federation's DREF on 6 November, 2006 to respond to the needs of this operation.
This report covers the period from 6/19/2007 to 7/18/2007
Food security in the current quarter (July through September) is generally good. Food harvests continue, enabling farmers to build on-farm stocks and sell part of their produce to meet other household needs. Prices are increasing moderately in surplus production areas, but decreasing in areas where prices have been relatively high, indicating that food is flowing to areas where market demand is greater. Market-dependant households are able to access sufficient food.