IRAQ: Intense fighting in Mosul is over and military operations are planned to shift to Telafar, Hawiga and Anbar, the last remaining areas under the control of Islamic State of the Levant in Iraq (ISIL). After decades of war, the volume of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) renders Iraq one of the most heavily contaminated countries in the world, putting civilians in danger. The complexity and diversity of IEDs require specialist mine clearance operators – for Mosul alone, early estimates indicate it will take years to clear the Old City.
Gender-based violence, particularly sexual violence, is a widespread and alarming element of the crisis in Iraq.
A range of gender-based violence and other protection concerns for women and girls exist throughout the country. Priority GBV issues are: Domestic Violence, Forced Marriage, including Child Marriage, Sexual Violence, Harassment and Exploitation, ConflictRelated Sexual Violence.
Operating in Libya remains hazardous and unpredictable due to multiple factors including presence of mines and explosive devices, threats of abductions and kidnapping of international personnel, proliferation of armed groups with no clear chain of command, and ongoing conflict and violence.
Following the Sirt military operation by government forces, ISIL lost control of large areas in Libya, yet it still maintains a few cells in different parts of the country, which poses serious threats to the international presence.
A total of 141,493 people have been registered in the newly accessible neighbourhoods of Aleppo city. Some 45,850 people remain displaced towards the western part of the city, and 5,275 people reside in the Jibreen collective shelter, some of them newly displaced from rural eastern Aleppo