In May 2017 UNFPA with the Pakistan Humanitarian Pooled Fund (PHPF) began supporting the FATA Health Department and its field units in Kurram Agency, helping two overburdened health facilities in Sadda and Alizai lower Kurram to provide female health workers with reproductive health supplies, safe delivery kits and new-born baby kits.
A. Introduction / Humanitarian situation
FATA remains one of the least developed regions in Pakistan having experienced man-made, as well as natural disasters for many years. From 2008 to 2014more than 5 million people were displaced from the FATA due to the security operations by the military against non-state armed groups.
The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) is a semi-autonomous tribal region in northwestern Pakistan, consisting of seven tribal agencies (districts) and six frontier regions, and are directly governed by Pakistan's federal government through a special set of laws called the Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR). It borders Pakistan's provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan to the east and south, and Afghanistan's provinces of Kunar, Nangarhar, Paktia, Khost and Paktika to the west and north.
$82M funds allocated between 2010 and 2017
93% funds allocated to NGOs
97% funds contributed significantly to gender eqality
45% contributed to Emergency Shelter/NFIs (23%) and WASH (22%) Clusters
375 project implemented
1. Foreword by The Humanitarian Coordinator
As part of the Government of Pakistan (GoP) return plan that was started two years ago, 2016 witnessed a significant number of returns to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). By 31 December 2016, the Government of Pakistan and humanitarian partners facilitated the return of 117,395 families to Orakzai, Kurram, South Waziristan, North Waziristan, Khyber Agencies and Frontier Region Tank.
Pakistan Humanitarian Pooled Fund (PHPF)
1st Standard Fund Allocation Strategy 19 April, 2017:
Life-Saving and Time Critical Interventions to Support the Return Process in FATA
In early 2015 the Pakistani government launched a new plan to assist the returns of displaced families to FATA. Areas cleared by the military are “de-notified”, and declared safe for returns.
PHPF Reserve Allocation to Support
Return Intention Survey & Information campaigns
A total of 5.3 million people in FATA have been displaced since 2008, some of them multiple times.
Of these, 4.8 million have returned, with some 700,000 returning in 2016.
A multi-cluster assessment of IDPs and returnees was conducted in KP and FATA which confirmed the pressing needs for livelihoods and basic social service.
Pakistan has faced a fragile security situation in the north-west region of the country since 2007, which triggered massive displacement from conflict affected areas. Following security operations, the government announced a phased return plan for all IDPs. Since March 2015, 187,678 families have been successfully facilitated to return to FATA, whilst 116,113 families still remain in displacement.
PHPF allocates US$7.4 million for FATA returns
Under the first standard allocation in 2016, the Pakistan Humanitarian Pooled Fund (PHPF) dispersed US$6 million for critical life-saving interventions to support return process in Kurram and Orakzai Agency. Some 323,853 returnees will receive assistance in shelter, health, education, WASH, protection and nutrition through 33 projects. Twenty one of these projects have already started. Approximately US$1.4 million is kept in reserve for an immediate respond to unforeseen emergencies.
Key Findings and Recommendations:
An inter-cluster assessment mission (ICAM) was conducted to South Waziristan Agency from 18 to 22 July 2016 to assess the situation of 14 recently de-notified villages in Sarvakai, Sararogha, Ladha and Makin tehsils. Approximately 2,000 families as well as the remaining caseload of the previously de-notified areas are to be assisted in this phase of returns to South Waziristan Agency.
The people of Tharparkar are facing a humanitarian situation where many women and children suffer from acute malnutrition. This is driven by a combination of factors including development challenges.
The drought in Tharparkar is a recurring issue resulting from the natural arid climate and topography of the district, which has been exacerbated in recent years due to climate change.
From January to March 2016, four people were affected in 39 incidents. Of these, 16 were threats, four were attacks without physical harm and six miscellaneous incidents resulting in the temporary suspension of the polio campaign. One polio worker was released after kidnapping but this incident is not directly linked with the polio campaign. Five female workers have reported that they were sexually harrased and assaulted.
Key Findings and Recommendations:
From 14 to 16 April 2016, a mission including the Humanitarian Coordinator and OCHA Head of Office (o.i.c) conducted a two-day visit to Kurram Agency. The team visited New Durrani camp, recently denotified areas of Central Kurram and villages where returns took place two years ago to gain a better understanding of the immediate humanitarian needs of returned IDPs.
Returns are continuing with 3,084 families leaving for North Waziristan, South Waziristan, Kurram and Orakzai Agencies during the past week. These returns include IDPs leaving New Durrani and Togh Sarai Camps. The current phase of returns will continue until mid-May and may consist of up to 50,000 families. The Government, UN, and NGOs are providing sevices at the embarkation points including voluntary return forms, ATM and SIM cards for cash grants, nutrition, protection, grievance desks, health, vaccination, and WASH.