SUBMITTED BY KEIKO SAKODA ON TUE, 06/05/2018
CO-AUTHORS: THOMAS MOULLIER, LOUISA HELEN BARKER
Globally, up to 1.4 million people are moving into urban areas per week, and estimates show that nearly 1 billion new dwelling units will be built by 2050 to support this growing population. The way we build our cities today directly impacts the safety of future generations.
So how do we ensure that we are building healthy, safe, and resilient cities?
This report describes Japan’s incremental approach to developing, implementing, and facilitating compliance with building regulation over many decades. It explains Japan’s unique path to developing a policy and legal framework as well as compliance mechanisms that grow out of this framework and that function within Japan’s risk profile and climate, culture, and construction practices.
By Yuki Matsuoka
Kobe, 23 May, 2018 - Two schools with tragically different experiences of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami were at the centre of Ms. Mami Mizutori’s first visit to her native Japan since she took on the role of UN Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction in March.
Seven years have passed since the 311 Eastern Japan Earthquake. The Taiwan Red Cross has already completed its visit of reconstruction projects in Fukushima, Miyagi, and Iwate, areas hit hardest by the earthquake. As of this year, 62 public housing projects have been completed in Iwate Prefecture, providing housing for 330 families. However, due to the preparation of the Tokyo Olympics, 372 households are still under construction. A total of 702 households are expected to be completed by 2020.
By Yuki Matsuoka
TOKYO, 13 March 2018 - A study of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami has emphasized the importance of economic recovery to the well-being of communities in the post-disaster phase.
Professor Itsuki Nakabayashi from Meiji University noted that, according to his study, both the availability of jobs and livelihoods, and the revitalization of commercial districts in the neighborhood, are integral to individual perceptions of recovery, and thus the resilience of local businesses plays a major role in post-disaster community well-being.
Bangkok, 16 February 2018, 14:30: On 13 February 2018, Japan’s Ministry of Justice released a preliminary press release of their asylum processing statistics for 2017. These figures revealed an astounding 99.9% rejection rate of all applications.
Japan has built the resilience of its water supply and sanitation (WSS) services through an adaptive management approach based on lessons learned from past natural disasters. This experience offers key insights for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) seeking to sustain and build resilience of WSS services.
WHO: Mark Lowcock, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator
WHAT: Visit to Japan
WHEN: 20 February 2018
Mark Lowcock, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, is scheduled to visit Tokyo on 20 February on his first visit to Japan as USG/ERC.
Japan is highly exposed to natural disaster risks ranging from earthquake, tsunami, cyclones, floods, and landslides to volcanic eruptions. Japan’s experience in structuring resilient infrastructure public-private partnerships (PPPs) offers insights on how disaster and climate risks can be managed under PPPs.
Key Challenges in Incorporating
Japan has built the resilience of its water supply and sanitation services through an adaptive approach based on lessons learned from past natural disasters. This experience offers key insights for low- and middleincome countries seeking to reduce their vulnerabilities in essential service provision.
Sustainability of essential WSS services at risk
Based on changes in domestic and international trends affecting the refugee recognition system, the Ministry of Justice revised the operations of the refugee recognition system in September 2015 in order to promote prompt and reliable asylum for genuine refugees, and as part of this revision, measures are being implemented in order to curb the abuse or misuse of applications for refugee recognition status, but there has been a persistent surge in the abuse or misuse of applications, resulting in a situation where the prompt protection of genuine refugees has been hindered.
TOKYO, Jan 12 (Reuters) - Japan will limit asylum seekers' right to work from Monday, making changes to its refugee system that are likely to swell the numbers of those in detention centres, the justice ministry said, prompting refugee groups to flag humanitarian concerns.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Tropical Cyclone TALIM continued moving over the northwestern Pacific Ocean, strengthening. On 13 September 0.00 UTC it was located 90 km of Miyako-Jima island (Japan) and it had maximum sustained wind speed of 139 km/h.
Over the next 24 hours, it could start moving over the East China Sea, strengthening as a typhoon. Its centre could pass approximately 300 km north-east of Taiwan and off the coast of Zhejiang (China) on 14-15 September, before reaching south-western Japan on 16-17 September. Heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge could affect these areas.
- Tropical Cyclone NORU continued moving over the North Western Pacific Ocean, towards Osumi islands (Ryukyu Archipelago). On 7 August morning (UTC), it was forecast to pass over or very close to Muroto city (Kochi prefecture, Sikoku island) as a Typhoon. Over the next 24 hours, it is forecast to continue moving over central and eastern Honshu island, weakening but remaining a Tropical Storm.
- Tropical Cyclone NANMADOL continued moving northeastward slightly strengthening but remaining a Tropical Storm. On 4 July at 0.00 UTC, it made landfall approx 40 km east of Nagasaki city (Kyushu island, Japan) as a Tropical Storm and continued moving east crossing the prefecture of Nagasaki of Kumamoto and Oita.
- According to JMA, as of 4 July at 9.00 UTC, several warnings for heavy rain, flood, high waves, gales and thunderstorms are in effect for Kumamoto prefecture (Kyushu island), the northern, southwestern prefectures of Honshu island.
Japan’s experience in increasing the safety of the built environment through an incremental, context-specific approach to building regulation offers key lessons for developing countries seeking to mitigate disaster risk.
The importance of building regulation in mitigating disaster risk
Assisting the Most Vulnerable Would Be Significant Progress
When looking for solutions to the global refugee crisis, Japan is often identified as a country that could do more. It contributes generously to the United Nations refugee agency but does very little in terms of recognizing asylum seekers in Japan or in resettling refugees stranded, often in terrible conditions, in Thailand, Lebanon, Kenya, Pakistan and elsewhere.
By Yuki Matsuoka
Tokyo, 13 April, 2017 - This week saw further strengthening of Japan’s support for disaster risk reduction with the launch of a new non-partisan parliamentarian support group.
Welcoming the move, Mr. Robert Glasser, the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction, said it was further proof of Japan’s commitment to reducing disaster losses at home and abroad.
By Yuki Matsuoka
SENDAI, Japan, 23 March 2017 – Schoolchildren and businesses in Japan are working hard to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, a 15-year blueprint adopted at a UN conference in their country in 2015.