Situation Overview Highlights:
Humanity Road activated its disaster desk on Thursday November 15, 2018 in advance of landfall of Cyclone Gaja in India. This situation report number 1 provides helpful links and situational information based on early indications in social media.
In Tamil Nadu, relief measures are being carried out on a war-footing in the areas hit by Cyclone Gaja. So far, 33 people have lost their lives. More than 11,000 staff are involved in resuming power connections in affected areas.
The remnant of the Severe Cyclonic Storm ‘Gaja’ which lay as a deep depression over interior Tamil Nadu yesterday morning moved west-southwestwards and further weakened into a depression over central Kerala by 1730 hours IST of 16th November 2018. It then moved nearly westwards, emerged into southeast Arabian Sea at midnight and intensified into a deep depression over southeast Arabian Sea at 0530 hours IST of today, the 17th November 2018. Further moving westwards, it lays centred at 1130 hours IST of 17th Nov.
Cyclonic storm Gaja which was moving westwards has now weakened into a deep-depression. So far it has claimed eleven lives.
The cyclone is expected to continue moving westwards and weaken further into depression near Kerala and Tamil Nadu coast.
Thus, rains are expected to continue over Tamil Nadu, Kerala and South Interior Karnataka.
Yesterday’s Severe Cyclonic Storm ‘Gaja’ moved west-southwestwards and crossed Tamilnadu & Puducherry coast between Nagapattinam and Vedaranniyam near latitude 10.5 0N and longitude 79.8 0E with wind speed of 100-110 kmph gusting to 120 kmph during 0030 to 0230 hours IST of today, the 16th November, 2018. Thereafter, it moved nearly westwards, and weakened into a cyclonic storm in the early morning and further into a Deep Depression in the forenoon of today.
With winter setting in, rains and snow have begun to occur more frequently. Rains down south due to the cyclone Gaja have been quite severe. Snowfall in the northern hill states is bringing in the winter feeling, while unseasonable rain in Delhi has brought some respite from the pollution.
Cyclonic storm Gaja has led to heavy and heavy rainfall with gale force winds in the Southern coasts of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry , Kerala, Rayalseema, South Karnataka,and South coastal Andhra Pradesh.
Yesterday’s cyclonic storm (CS) “Gaja” over southwest and adjoining southeast & westcentral Bay of Bengal (BoB) moved west-southwestwards during past 24 hours, intensified into a severe cyclonic storm (SCS) at 0830 hrs IST of today, the 15th November, 2018 and lay centered over southwest BoB near latitude 11.3°N and longitude 82.6°E, about 320 km east-southeast of Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and 300 km east-northeast of Nagapattinam (Tamil Nadu).
The system is being tracked by Doppler Weather Radar at Chennai and Karaikal.
Tropical cyclone GAJA continued south-west over the Bay of Bengal, slightly strengthening. On 15 November at 0:00 UTC, its centre was located approx. 370 km east-north-east of Nagapattinam town (Tamil Nadu State, south-east India) and 375 km north-east of Point Pedro town (northeastern Sri Lanka) with maximum sustained winds of 83 km/h.
GAJA could make landfall close to Nagapattinam town on 15 November late in the afternoon, as a tropical storm, with maximum sustained winds up to 95-100 km/h.
Yesterday’s cyclonic storm (CS) “Gaja” over westcentral and adjoining eastcentral & south Bay of Bengal (BoB) moved west-southwestwards during past 24 hours and lay centered at 0830 hrs IST of today, the 14 th November, 2018 over southwest and adjoining southeast & westcentral BoB near latitude 13.0°N and longitude 85.1°E, about 520 km east of Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and 620 km east-northeast of Nagapattinam (Tamil Nadu).
Tropical cyclone GAJA continued south-west over the Bay of Bengal, as a tropical storm. On 14 November at 0:00 UTC, its centre was approx. 630 km east-north-east of Chidambaram town (Tamil Nadu State) and 655 km north-east of Point Pedro town (north-east Sri Lanka) with maximum sustained winds of 74 km/h. It is forecast to continue west-south-west, slightly strengthening, with maximum sustained winds up to 83 km/h.
Yesterday’s cyclonic storm (CS) “Gaja” over westcentral and adjoining eastcentral & southeast Bay of Bengal (BoB) followed an anticlockwise looping track during past 24 hours and lay centred at 0830 hrs IST of today, the 13th November, 2018 over westcentral and adjoining eastcentral & south BoB near latitude 13.3°N and longitude 87.1°E, about 740 km east-northeast of Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and 830 km east-northeast of Nagappattinam (Tamil Nadu). It is likely to move westsouthwestwards and intensify further into a severe cyclonic storm during next 24 hours.
Cyclonic storm Gaja was located approx. 750 km east of Chennai (Tamilnadu), 840 km east-north-east of Nagappattinam (Tamilnadu) and 850 km north-east of Kanakasanthurai (Sri Lanka) as of 5:30 hrs on 13 November.
Though it is very likely to intensify into a severe cyclonic storm over the next 24 hours, it is set to weaken gradually, as it crosses the Tamil Nadu coast between Cuddalore district and Pamban in Ramanathapuram district on 15 November.
Yesterday’s cyclonic storm (CS) “Gaja” over eastcentral and adjoining westcentral & southeast BoB moved nearly westwards till early morning of today, the 12th November, 2018. Thereafter, it moved southsouthwestwards and lay centered at 0830 hrs IST of the 12 th November, 2018 over westcentral and adjoining eastcentral & southeast BoB near latitude 13.1°N and longitude 87.0°E, about 730 km eastnortheast of Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and 820 km east-northeast of Nagappattinam (Tamil Nadu).
Time of issue: 1230 hours IST
Yesterday’s depression over southeast Bay of Bengal (BoB) intensified into a deep depression (DD) in the same evening over southeast & adjoining central BoB. Moving further west-northwestwards, it intensified into a cyclonic storm (CS) “Gaja” over east-central and adjoining west-central & southeast BoB in the early morning of today, the 11th November, 2018.
Andhra Pradesh and Odisha stared at a possible flood situation, a day after Cyclone ‘Titli’ hit coastal Odisha and Andhra Pradesh at around 4:30-5:30am on October 11, bringing with it strong winds and heavy rains in these two neighboring Indian states. As the cyclone - with a speed of 140-150 kmph - hit the coastal area, trees and electric poles were uprooted in the region. Ganjam and Gajapati districts of Odisha were badly affected.
Following the Southwest Monsoon season (25 May - 21 October this year) heavy rains triggered floods in Kerala State (India), resulting in casualties and damage.
According to the national authorities, as of 6 November, the death toll stands at 504, 3.4 million people were displaced in 12 300 relief camps, more then 110 000 houses were damaged and 23 million people affected.
DG ECHO allocated EUR 1.2 million for humanitarian assistance to help the most vulnerable communities affected by the flooding and landslides.