What is CCCM? The common aim of the CCCM Cluster is to improve living conditions of displaced persons in humanitarian crises. The sector facilitates assistance and strengthens protection of the displaced and works with beneficiaries to attain durable solutions. Camp management is cross-cutting in nature and applies to all types of communal settings, including planned camps, collective centers, self-settled camps, reception or transit centers, and entails building relations with the host community.
This guide outlines ways in which adverse environmental impacts can be avoided after disasters, and good practices can be promoted. It covers sectors including settlements and land use planning; building construction; waste management; energy; infrastructure; water, sanitation and hygiene; agriculture and livelihoods; and education. It highlights the importance of flood risk management, landslide prevention and treatment, and management of forests after disasters.
Rice Watch Action Network (R1) have been implementing a Climate Resiliency Field School (CrFS) approach since 2007, and has expanded it to 33 areas or local governments across The Philippines.
UNDP, together with the Adaptation Fund, the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection, and the National Environment Agency, are addressing risk and building resilience along the Rioni River through the Climate Resilient Flood and Flash Flood Management Project. This entails an integrated approach that:
- Strengthens local infrastructure;
- Supports development of floodplain policy; and
- Enhances early warning systems and preparedness measures
GFDRR supports governments in designing financial protection strategies and instruments to respond to natural disasters. The Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance Program (DRFIP) leads the dialogue on financial resilience as a component of the World Bank’s support to countries in better managing disasters and climate shocks. The initiative connects financial expertise with risk management across many sectors, bringing countries comprehensive solutions and helping them to become more effective in managing their own risk.
• Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2016, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region experience a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, forest fires, hurricanes, landslides, tsunamis, and volcanoes. El Niño and La Niña, extreme phases of natural climate cycles, periodically exacerbate the impacts of hydrometeorological events in the LAC region. Unplanned urban expansion, environmental degradation, and poor land-use management also increase populations’ vulnerability to natural hazards.
The impact of the 2015‒2016 El Niño weather phenomenon has been one of the most intense and widespread in the past one hundred years. The agriculture, food security and nutritional status of 60 million people around the globe is affected by El Niño-related droughts, floods and **extreme hot** and **cold weather**.
WFP Algeria urgently requires an additional USD 5.6 million to ensure food distribution to vulnerable Sahrawi refugees for the next six months.
Due to funding shortfalls in 2016, WFP Algeria does not have sufficient funds to continue food distribution in January 2017.
PRRO 200301 will be extended by three months until 31 March 2017.
The Western Sahara refugee crisis ranks top among forgotten crises, according to the ECHO Forgotten Crisis Assessment 2015.
• UNICEF and partners continue to meet on-going humanitarian needs, respond to small, localised emergencies and remain prepared to respond to requests for humanitarian assistance. UNICEF and partners reached more adults and children than planned, providing access to safe water, learning materials, safe spaces for learning, Vitamin A supplementation and deworming. Reports of Grave Child Rights Violations have been identified, verified and responded to.
WFP supported the Government of the Philippines in its humanitarian response following Typhoon NockTen through logistics assistance.
WFP reached 130,400 people in Mindanao to improve their food security.
The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) appeal raised over £95 million in the wake of Typhoon Haiyan, and allocated approximately £6.4 million to British Red Cross. Of this, British Red Cross spent £1.8 million during the initial emergency response and the remaining £4.6 million during the recovery.
This evaluation looks at the DEC–funded parts of the recovery programme which focussed mainly on shelter and livelihoods assistance.