Completion of renovation and reconstruction of 96 classrooms in 9 schools
Keep the Kumamoto Red Cross Hospital operating
The Kumamoto Red Cross Hospital is the leading healthcare facility in Kumamoto Prefecture with 500 beds operated by 1,000 staff. It is located near the epicentre of the earthquakes and was lightly damaged. After the earthquakes, it has also covered the other collapsed health facilities and accepted thousands of patients without any interruptions, although half of the staff are affected by the quakes. Most of the Red Cross hospitals in Japan have dispatched totally 300 medical staff to keep the Kumamoto hospital operating.
(2) Japanese Red Cross Society Disaster Medical Co-ordinate Team
The Japanese Red Cross Society has dispatched the Japanese Red Cross Society Disaster Medical Co-ordinate Team to the disaster affected zone. The team is a group of professional, who plans and coordinates an emergency medical relief operation, and gives advice to the relevant relief actors and organisations.
The response of the Japanese Red Cross Society to the earthquake disaster in the Kumamoto Prefecture on April 14 to date is as follows:
Japanese Red Cross Society’s Response to the Disaster
(1) Medical Emergency Team Operation
as of 9:00 AM April 17
Status The number of the medical emergency team
Ready and waiting 1
(2) Distribution of the Relief Supplies to the Kumamoto Prefecture
Glide no. EQ-2011-000028-JPN
Period covered by this report: 11 March 2011 – 31 March 2015
Four years after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the Tsunami of 11 March 2011, there are still about 220,000 people who are displaced from their homes, living in temporary housing, apartments provided by the municipalities or at relatives’ homes. Among them, approximately 80,000 people are still living in prefabricated temporary homes.
As part of Japanese Red Cross Society programmes that are designed to help affected communities recovering after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, a new after-school club has been completed in Yamada town, Iwate prefecture, providing a safe place where the children can play together happily and freely after school.
The Great East Japan Earthquake taught us many lessons.
We recommend the followings to prepare for future mega-disasters in Japan;
To receive international assistance in an efficient manner in order to maximise the good-will of international community;
Four years have now passed since the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami devastated large areas of Eastern Japan and while much progress has been made in overall recovery, there are serious delays in rebuilding communities, and the Red Cross continues to support thousands of mainly elderly survivors who still live in temporary housing. The tsunami also caused meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant forcing the evacuation of large numbers of people who will not be able to return home in the foreseeable future because of radioactive contamination.
By Hler Gudjonsson
When the Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant came into our field of vision, the Geiger counter started beeping, and as we drove closer the alarm became more and more intense. This route between Tomioka and Futaba was closed until September last year, and for a couple of kilometers abandoned homes lined both sides of the road. Driveways were barricaded and lawns had been left to grow wild.
By Hler Gudjonsson, IFRC
The Red Cross hospital in Ishinomaki was the only hospital to withstand the force of the Great East Japan earthquake and Tsunami on 11 March, 2011. In 2006, the hospital had been relocated to a new site 4.5 km from the coast. The new building was designed to withstand the most violent of earthquakes, and still be able to continue providing lifesaving medical services to the population. Despite the fact that the tsunami had swept through the city, destroying everything in its path, the hospital escaped unscathed.
By Hler Gudjonsson, IFRC
On March 11, 2011 the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami struck Yamada town, in Japan’s northern prefecture of Iwate. It was early in the afternoon and the children of Osawa Nursery School were just waking up from their afternoon naps. The teachers scrambled to evacuate the terrified children. Noriko Kawabata, the school principal, who had lived by the sea in Yamada town her whole life, knew that after an earthquake of this scale, there is always the risk of a tsunami.
Glide no. EQ-2011-000028-JPN
Period covered by this report: 11 March 2011 – 31 March 2014
1. Executive Summary:
Not a single agency alone has ever managed to respond to the scale of the disaster, the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (GEJET), which devastated the north-eastern part of Japan on 11 March 2011.
Period covered by this report: 1 January 2014 – 31 March 2014
The budget of the JRCS relief and recovery programme stands at JPY 60 billion of which 78.1 per cent (JPY 46.9 billion) has been spent by the end of March 2014.
Three-Year Report Available Online
The Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami hit Japan on Friday, March 11, 2011, leading to the largest Japanese Red Cross disaster response in the country in its history.
Immediately after the earthquake, the Japanese Red Cross launched relief operations such as distributing relief supplies, deploying medical teams from 92 Red Cross hospitals, preparing hot meals at evacuation centres, and other activities to help people affected by the earthquake and tsunami.
The Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) provided various support to the affected areas including medical relief after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami occurred. In Fukushima, the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant caused the nuclear disaster. We conducted relief activities as much as possible. However, the JRCS had never experienced a response to a nuclear disaster and there were constraints in our relief activities in Fukushima. We think that we need to review our experience and the work issues that we faced.
The Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) has prepared a “Manual on Conducting Relief Activities in a Nuclear Emergency” which establishes guidelines on safe operational limits. Going forward, training will be provided to relief personnel on safety practices and procedures in a nuclear emergency.
The earthquake that occurred off the Sanriku coast of northern Japan on 11 March 2011 caused one of the most destructive tsunamis ever recorded. Aside from the devastating loss of human life and damage to physical infrastructure, 470,000 survivors were evacuated to shelters and as of December 2013, about 117,000 remain displaced in temporary accommodation.
Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) published "Guidelines for Relief Activities under Nuclear Disasters". According to the guidelines, JRCS will conduct relief activities outside of the area restricted by the national/local authorities, as far as cumulative dose of radiation does not exceed 1 mSv during a activity. JRCS conformed the recommendation from International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) which is applied for citizens.