Incentives and sanctions are used by external actors to try to stop armed conflicts in the short term. But are they effective in promoting peace? This research by Conciliation Resources argues that these instruments are often not used as part of a broader strategy aimed at resolving conflict. They are often a confused mix of coercion and assistance, which neither force nor encourage the conflict parties towards a negotiated settlement.
Globally, the number of natural disasters, the number of people affected and the impact of disasters are increasing. More than 250 million people have been directly affected by disasters every year since 2000; the highest figures ever recorded, according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED). Developing countries in Africa and Asia are particularly vulnerable to extreme atmospheric factors and climate-induced shocks.
The complexity of crises and the variety of contexts mean that humanitarian actors have to continually learn and adapt without losing sight of their original commitment. Different humanitarian cultures and approaches have emerged as the sector has become more diversified, with an increasing number of new stakeholders. And as the sector has grown, it has become increasingly attractive to those who would seek to instrumentalise it.
Since 1993, Groupe URD has been committed to helping humanitarian actors face these challenges.
Malawi signed the millennium declaration adopted at the United Nations General Assembly in New York in September 2000. The country is committed to achieve the MDGs by the year 2015. The MDGs are being implemented through the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy MGDS, which is the overarching medium term development strategy for the country to run from 2006 to 2011.
Eradicating extreme poverty was set as the first of the eight millennium development goals and two main targets were set to achieve the goal by the year 2015.
Living conditions for many Palestinians in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) continued to deteriorate during the second half of 2008. As the protracted socioeconomic crisis which began in late-2000 entered its ninth year, Gazans faced unprecedented levels of hardship and distress; in the West Bank, severe and debilitating restrictions on movement limited prospects for recovery and growth and left many dependent on humanitarian assistance.
Colleagues and Friends,
It is with great pleasure that I present you the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Annual Report for 2008.
Foreword by the Chief of Mission
At the beginning of 2009, I would like to thank our staff for their hard work making everything we achieved last year possible. I would also like to express my utmost appreciation for the support of donor governments including Australia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Japan, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
With the continued support of donor governments and the devoted efforts of our staff, we aim to bring more achievements to this year of 2009.
1 Food insecurity in Nepal
Nepal is a landlocked country of approximately 29 million people in South Asia, situated along the Himalayas between China and India. It has three distinct ecological regions: Mountains in the north, Hills in the middle and the Terai (lowland plains) in the south.
The Country is divided administratively into 5 development regions (Far Western, Mid Western, Western, Central and Eastern region) and 75 districts.
On October 15, 2007 the Government of Uganda (GoU) launched the Peace, Recovery and Development Plan (PRDP) to help greater Northern Uganda transition from war to peace. Although the PRDP is a relatively new policy, enough time has now passed to assess key challenges that are emerging. This report assesses PRDP implementation since the official launch over one year ago.
Since the late 1990s, as the search for solutions to protracted conflict has deepened, the potential role of traditional justice in responding to the situation in Northern Uganda has been increasingly researched and discussed. The roots of traditional practices lie in principles and mechanisms used in pre-colonial communities to ensure the maintenance of a just society.
- NUTRITION ASSESMENT
1.1 STANDARD NUTRITION SURVEYS
After forty-one years of Israeli military occupation of the Palestinian Territory the humanitarian situation continues to dramatically deteriorate.
1.0 - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Iran has hosted one of the largest Refugee populations in the history of humanitarian assistance. Most of the 2.3 million Afghan Refugees live in cities and villages with only a few thousand living in refugee camps. Iran has witnessed a long history of refugees arriving from Afghanistan on account of many Afghan wars. The most recent large influx a result of the 1979 Soviet invasion and the consequent internal and external wars.
This report focuses on the Somali legal frameworks and institutional systems relating to land and on the historical background of the current landholding and ownership patterns in Somalia. However, it also looks at a much wider range of social, cultural, political, economic, and environmental contexts relating to land and examines some of the theoretical debates on land issues, in order to apply them to Somalia.
Due to security issues and time constraints, it is primarily a summary and synthesis of existing literature on these subjects (which has a number of …
Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) supported by the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), distributed relief goods to more than 60,000 people affected by floods following a breach in the eastern embankment of the Saptakoshi River in Nepal's south. More than 30,000 people or roughly 6,000 families were provided emergency shelter by Red Cross volunteers.
The information gathered relates to the following indicators:
- Food Consumption Scores
- Caloric Intake/Value
- Food Expenditure
- Food Sources
- Cereal Availability/Balances
- Rainfall and Snowfall
- Market Prices
- Asset Ownership
- Coping Strategies
- This food security monitoring exercise was conducted using information from interviews of 1,616 households in 34 provinces (month 10 of the 2007/2008 NRVA data), inaddition to various secondary sources.
- A limited set of vulnerability indicators were selected to provide an update …
The Northern region, which is identified by official statistics as trailing behind the central, western and eastern regions in terms of poverty reduction, has experienced multiple and severe shocks including drought, civil war lasting for over 10 years and loss of cattle to Karamojong raids. The signing of a peace agreement between the Government of Uganda (GOU) and the Resistance Army (LRA) and initial implementation of terms bears hope for Northern Uganda. It is in this context that the 2008/09 Cluster Plan of Action (PoA) for Northern Uganda has been developed.
The Millennium Declaration signed in September 2000 was an unprecedented commitment among world leaders to work together to ensure a more peaceful, prosperous and just world. Aiming to advance a global vision for improving the human condition in the areas of development and poverty, human rights and democracy, peace and security and protection of the environment, these commitments were translated into the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
REDUCING AVOIDABLE LOSS OF LIFE AND THE DISEASE BURDEN DUE TO EMERGENCIES IN UGANDA
The General Context in Uganda
Uganda is making good progress in its drive towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) targets; HIV sero prevalence rates have stabilized at 6.4% (although the rate of new infections are said to be on the increase), there is better awareness about HIV and improved access to ART in the country and modest improvements have been made in Infant, under 5 and maternal Mortality rates.
This six-month report describes the programme and activities of the Thailand Burma Border Consortium (TBBC) during the period July to December 2008.
TBBC is a consortium of currently twelve NGOs from ten countries working to provide food, shelter, non-food items and capacity-building support to Burmese refugees and displaced persons. It also engages in research into the root causes of displacement and refugee outfl ows. Membership is open to other NGOs with similar interests.