Since reaching a peak in May 2018, active hostilities have levelled off with an average of 1,100 security incidents reported in Donetska and Luhanska oblasts per month. OHCHR recorded ten civilian casualties (two killed and eight injured) in November, which represented a 45 per cent decrease compared to October. In November alone, two cuts in power and water supplies further exacerbated the already harsh living conditions of 8,000 civilians in two towns along the ‘contact line’ as temperatures have dropped to well below zero.
The number of individual crossings at the five operational Entry/Exit Checkpoints (EECPs) reached over 1.1 million in November. Meanwhile, insecurity, bad weather conditions and long waiting lines (mostly at the NGCA) remained the most critical concerns for individuals regularly crossing the ‘contact line’.
(Ukraine, 11 December 2018): On her mission to eastern Ukraine, the United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator Ms. Osnat Lubrani was intent to witness first-hand the suffering of conflict-affected civilians and observe the humanitarian efforts underway on both sides of the “contact line”.
Special Envoy de Mistura appreciates the work done at the Astana meeting by the three guarantors -- the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Turkey -- to ensure that the Idlib de-escalation arrangements are sustained. He is very grateful to President Nursultan Nazarbayev for the generous hospitality and efficient support of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Special Envoy de Mistura received an invitation from the Government of Kazakhstan, on behalf of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Turkey – the guarantors of the de-escalation agreement – to participate in the high-level meeting in Astana on 28 and 29 November 2018.
We still do not know the true extent of violence against women, as the fear of reprisals, impact of not being believed, and the stigma borne by the survivor—not the perpetrator—have silenced the voices of millions of survivors of violence and masked the true extent of women’s continued horrific experiences.
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UN Security Council puts Ukraine back on global agenda
Civilian casualties: In October, OHCHR recorded 18 conflict-related civilian casualties (5 killed and 13 injured). Overall, mine and ERW-related incidents accounted for 61% of casualties.
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(Geneva, 15 November 2018): As temperatures drop to well below zero in eastern Ukraine, millions of people urgently need humanitarian support as a result of an on-going active conflict, which increasingly is forgotten and seems to have fallen off the international radar, the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Ukraine, Ms. Osnat Lubrani, said today in Geneva.
The human cost of the active armed conflict in eastern Ukraine is distressing, with 18 civilian casualties (5 killed and 13 injured) in October, according to OHCHR. With a monthly average of more than 1,200 reported security incidents over the past three months, the conflict intensity as well as lethal security risks faced by civilians and humanitarian workers remained high.
Despite prevailing insecurity and widespread landmine contamination, the number of crossings of the ‘contact line’ through the five operational Entry/Exit Checkpoints (EECPs) increased in October, with over 1.2 million crossings recorded during the month. Shelling, sniper fire and explosions of landmines were frequently reported at and around the EECPs. On 18 October, a civilian car was hit by a sniper fire, while waiting to cross the EECP ‘Marinka’ (Donetska oblast).
Civilian casualties: In September, OHCHR recorded 20 conflict-related civilian casualties (5 killed and 15 injured). Three boys were killed and one severely injured due to a landmine explosion near Horlivka (Donetsk NGCA). Overall, mine and ERW-related incidents accounted for 50% of casualties.
Security: On 11 September, a school in Zolote-5 (Luhansk NGCA) came under fire and children were evacuated to bomb shelters.
An increase of civilian casualties was recorded in September – from 12 in August to 20 (5 killed and 15 injured), according to OHCHR, as hostilities continued unabated in eastern Ukraine. On 11 September, a secondary school in the settlement Zolote 5 (Luhanska Oblast, NGCA) was shelled during classes and 100 students and teachers had to be evacuated to the nearby bomb shelters. This was the 62nd security incident involving educational facilities so far this year. Since January 2017, 57 incidents of education facility damages have been recorded, directly affecting nearly 5,600 children.
The number of civilian crossings through the “contact line” decreased after the peak of 1.3 million in August. Reconstruction works aimed at improving basic services such as shelter, water, toilets and electricity supply for people crossing is currently ongoing at the EECP ‘Novotroitske’ and ‘Stanytsia Luhanska’. However, lack of adequate facilities and access to emergency care remained a concern, particularly at the zero checkpoints - a territory between the five operating EECPs in the Government controlled areas and those beyond Government’s control.
11 October 2018, Myrnohrad, Donetsk region – Today, the surgical unit at Myrnohrad City Central Hospital was officially reopened after renovations funded by a European Investment Bank (EIB) loan and with technical support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Now the unit can serve 11,000 patients a year.
This is the first of hundreds of social infrastructure facilities that are being repaired under the EIBfinanced Ukraine Early Recovery Programme in eastern Ukraine.
(KYIV, 1 October 2018) – The Humanitarian Coordinator in Ukraine, Ms. Osnat Lubrani expresses her sincere condolences to the family of three children killed, and one child injured, by explosive remnants in eastern Ukraine. Ms. Lubrani appeals for immediate action to protect millions of people who face daily risks due to the extensive landmine and explosive ordnance contamination.