Ruth Haug and Bjørn K.G. Wold
2017 in brief
A growing number of low- and middle-income countries are investing in social safety nets to improve the lives and livelihoods of their poor and vulnerable residents. According to the World Bank (2015) report The State of Social Safety Nets, more than 1.9 billion people in 136 low- and middleincome countries are now beneficiaries of social safety net programs. In Africa alone, the number of countries setting up such programs has doubled over the past three years, and rigorous evaluations prove that these programs work to reduce poverty.
This review provides an overview of the use of cash assistance in 45 cash-related education programmes in 21 UNHCR operations. It highlights the key opportunities and challenges with the use of cash for education and provides key direction for future programming and related protection considerations. It also presents detailed learning on refugee access to education through cash from two case studies: Kenya and Turkey.
Key fndings and recommendations
Studies on cash and education thus far consistently fnd that:
New publication launched: Local Humanitarian Action in Practice – Case Studies and Reflections of Local Humanitarian Actors
The Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster held its annual retreat on 27-28 September 2017, bringing together representatives from 26 organizations, governments and missions. The Retreat offered an opportunity to share achievements, best practices and current projects in order to plan the way forward for the cluster in 2018, as well as discuss matters of camp management and coordination among practitioners.
**What works? **
A review of interventions to combat modern day slavery.
Research paper prepared by Katharine Bryant, Research Manager, Walk Free Foundation and Bernadette Joudo, Research Assistant, Walk Free Foundation
In the face of climate change, the world continues to witness frequent and large-scale disasters. In the rst half of 2017 alone, 149 natural disasters occurred in 73 countries resulting in 3,162 deaths, affecting 80 million people and resulting in the estimated loss of US$32.4 billion.
The study uses the Core Humanitarian Standard on Quality and Accountability (CHS) as a lens to review the extent to which Start funded projects are accountable to disaster-affected populations, and the influence this may have on the quality and relevance of these projects.
This review is one in a series of learning products developed by the Start Fund Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning team with the intention of providing actionable recommendations to improve decision making at the project, crisis and system level.
Samoa has implemented the Enhanced Road Access Project to restore important road assets damaged by extreme weather, also to enhance the climate resilience of critical roads and bridges. One of the actions under the project is to help remove barriers for persons with disabilities, acknowledging that this is a positive step towards ensuring sustainable development in many Pacific Island countries.
This paper synthesizes experience and learning from the European Commission-funded South Caucasus multi-country project ‘Improving Regional Food Security in the South Caucasus through National Strategies and Smallholder Production’. The aim is to support the design of future national policy influencing programmes.
GFDRR’s Innovation Lab team harnesses technology and science to quantify disaster and climate risks. With diverse challenges from country to country, the Innovation Lab specializes in clearly defining a problem, building tailored solutions with strategic partners, and avoiding “cookie cutter” approaches. The aim is building resilience before disaster strikes, largely by leveraging open data and open source tools.
A HAZARDOUS LANDSCAPE
A NEW NORMAL OF CLIMATE EXTREMES
Heatwaves and extreme weather events are fast becoming routine in Serbia and the surrounding countries, as the impacts of climate change make themselves felt. A recent World Bank report found that summer temperatures in the Balkans could average 7.5°C higher than in pre-industrial times, with water shortages and extreme weather events becoming far more frequent and severe.
GFDRR’s Resilient Recovery program is involved in every major disaster, helping affected countries assess damage as well as economic losses and needs, plan for recovery, and be better prepared to respond in the future. From hurricanes in the Caribbean to earthquakes in Nepal, the program has a record of supporting governments to rebuild lives and create a safer future through resilient recovery. And the program works with the disaster-prone countries before events in order to enhance their readiness for post-disaster recovery.
Each year, natural disasters and climate change around the world have a devastating effect on children’s education. They cause direct harm to children, teachers, and the school community, damaging or destroying school infrastructure. The Global Program for Safer Schools (GPSS) aims to promote and facilitate informed, large-scale investments for the safety and resilience of new and existing school infrastructure at risk from natural hazards, contributing to high-quality learning environments. The focus is primarily on public school infrastructure in developing countries.