To document lessons learned from the Liberia Food Security Assessment 2015, a survey was designed to obtain feedback from Food Security actors in Liberia regarding the usefulness and extent to which the report has met planned objectives to bridge information gaps and support programming processes.
The survey aimed to address the following aspects of the report:
In Liberia, one of the Food Security Cluster’s main work priorities is to ‘ensure an effective, accountable and coordinated food security response founded on evidence-based interventions that advocate for and take into consideration the needs of each segment of affected communities by age, gender and diversity’ (FSC Liberia ToR and FSC Transition Planning 1st June 2015). In line with this strategy, HelpAge International has seconded an Inclusion Advisor to assist in identifying gaps in working with vulnerable groups and in developing appropriate strategies to address those gaps. .
The main goal of this joint evaluation, carried out under the umbrella of the Food Security Cluster, is to assess the food security situation in Liberia, six months after the rapid food security assessment. This Liberia Food Security Assessment enables partners to plan evidence-based post Ebola recovery strategies and activities by providing household level data on the effects of Ebola on food security, livelihoods, and markets. It also serves as a baseline to guide, support and inform ongoing post Ebola recovery.
The main goal of this joint evaluation, carried out under the umbrella of the Food Security Cluster, is to assess the food security situation in Liberia, six months after the rapid food security assessment. The fieldwork has been carried out in all the 15 counties of Liberia and results are representative at county level.
How many people are food insecure?
CONTEXT OF THE ASSESSMENT
Overview, scope and methods
Since the end of conflict in 2003, and helped by the 2008 global food price hike, local rice production is bouncing back. High-potential rice growing areas such as Foya (Lofa County) are now producing marketable surpluses and local rice is available in the market in Monrovia on a seasonal basis. However, rice is still predominantly imported from Asia and America (60%) as are almost two-thirds of Liberia's total domestic food requirements.
Notwithstanding efforts by government and its partners to reduce food insecurity through the implementation of varied programmes including promotion of agricultural production and other income generating activities since the country returned to normalcy after 14 years of civil strife, Liberia still relies heavily on imports for supply of its key food requirements especially rice, the main staple.
Global increases in food prices is threatening food security and undermining economic recovery. Progress in restoring peace and security could be undermined if the availability, accessibility and proper utilization of food are constrained. A strategic response is required that maintains household's ability to meet requisite food needs and that promotes national production.
A concerted Government response is strongly recommended to complement actions already taken by President Sirleaf.
Background and scope of assessment
Since the Accra Peace Agreement which marked the end of 14 year of conflict in 2003, substantial work on recovery has been ongoing. Liberia is a least-developed, low-income and food-deficit country. Extreme poverty - inability to meet the cost of food providing 2,400 kcal/person/day - affects 56 percent in the rural population and 29 percent in the urban population.
Liberia is particularly vulnerable to the global food and fuel prices' increase as it relies heavily on imports to meet its needs.