Understanding the challenges of social cohesion in Turkey between Turkish host and Syrian refugee communities can be crucial in framing holistic approaches that can reduce the likelihood of exacerbating emerging social tensions.
This report was prepared on behalf of the Basic Needs Working group by IOM Turkey Monitoring and Evaluation Unit with support from CARE, UNHCR, UNICEF, ASAM and WFP.
Key findings drawn from the assessment are as follows:
Background demographic characteristics
Turkey is home to the largest refugee population in the world, hosting over 3.4 million. Most of them are Syrian – by September 2017 the number of Syrians had reached 3,181,537 – while the remaining 330,000 are from Afghanistan and Iraq and a smaller proportion from Iran and Somalia .
Introduction and Background
Turkey is home to the largest refugee population in the world, including over 3.2 million1 Syrians, and over 320,000 asylum seekers from other countries, such as Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan and Somalia. While no one under any form of International Protection in Turkey has the legal status of refugees, for brevity, they will be called refugees in this report.
This report summarises the findings of four focus group discussions conducted with a total of 36 refugees, asylum-seekers, and migrants in Izmir, from Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia, Eritrea, Nigeria, and Ethiopia. All focus group discussions took place on 26 July 2017. Two discussions were held with male participants, one with female participants, and one with a mixed group.
This report summarises the findings of six focus group discussions conducted between 20 and 23 July 2017 with Syrian and Afghan refugees residing in Istanbul and Gaziantep, Turkey. Thirty-six participants took part in this survey, the second in a series of data collection efforts under the Mixed Migration Platform (MMP), looking at how refugees perceive humanitarian support in Turkey.
This report analyses data collected from refugees and asylum-seekers in Gaziantep and Kilis, Turkey between April 24 and May 6, 2017. It is the first in a series of data collection rounds by Ground Truth Solutions in Turkey, under the Mixed Migration Platform (MMP). Additional data collection will include both quantitative and qualitative research, looking at refugee, asylum-seeker, and migrant perceptions of humanitarian assistance in different regions of Turkey.
This self-commissioned report – researched in partnership with IRIS – appraises and compares the living conditions and access to services of Syrian refugees and Iraqi IDPs in non-Arab host communities. The research compares the situation of these refugees and IDPs with regard to food security, livelihoods, access to clean water and services like education and health, and migration issues. In Turkey, urban Syrian refugees residing in Antakya, Gaziantep and Sanliurfa were surveyed. In northern Iraq, the cities of Dohuk, Erbil and Sulaymaniyah were included in the geographic coverage.
Since the onset of the war in Syria the Turkish authority emergency response system has mobilized substantial internal resources to provide assistance to Syrian people seeking refuge from the fighting.
The purpose of this public health risk assessment is to provide health professionals from national and local authorities, in United Nations agencies, nongovernmental organizations, international and local organizations, and donor agencies currently working with populations affected by the emergency in Turkey, with up-to-date technical guidance on the major public health threats faced by the earthquake-affected population.
Summary of the Presentation by the UN Resident Coordinator in Turkey
The following item is a Letter of Intent of the government of Turkey, which describes the policies that Turkey intends to implement in the context of its request for financial support from the IMF. The document, which is the property of Turkey, is being made available on the IMF website by agreement with the member as a service to users of the IMF website.
Ankara, Turkey, September 29, 1999
Mr. Michel Camdessus
International Monetary Fund
Washington, D.C. 20431
Dear Mr. Camdessus:
A major earthquake, measuring 7.4 on the Richter scale, hit the country on 17 August causing more than 15 000 deaths and an estimated 600 000 people homeless. The main affected areas in and around Izmit were reported to be industrial but also produced grains and oil seeds. Government and relief agencies have distributed shelter and food assistance.