Thailand has an estimated total of around 3.5 million migrants (regular or irregular status), of which roughly 3 million are in the labour market (7% of Thailand’s total working population) with an estimated 2.3 million migrants originating from Myanmar.
*The Committee for Coordination of Services to Displaced Persons in Thailand (CCSDPT) is the coordinating committee for 20 NGOs working in nine refugee camps along the Thailand / Myanmar border.
Recent decades have seen Thailand evolve into a regional migration hub in South-East Asia. Thailand has enjoyed healthy economic growth supported by its export-oriented businesses. As a result, Thailand has been experiencing an excess demand for low-skilled workers. Over the years, this gap has gradually been filled by low-skilled migrant workers from neighbouring countries, enabling the labour-intensive sectors to maintain Thailand’s economic growth. At present, Thailand plays host to around 3.5 million migrants, roughly 3 million of whom are working.
- THE DISASTER
Thailand is no stranger to natural disasters. The country has a long history of drought and flood cycles in seasonal variance. Flooding occurs every year in the Chao Phraya River Basin. Tropical storm cycles come from the east through Laos and Vietnam and touchdown in the northern parts of the country where water collects and flows downstream into the basin. With a changing climate and increasing variance and severity of weather, events similar to this flood may no longer be only 50 years in frequency.
- Executive Summary
The Thailand Burma Border Consortium (TBBC) provides fuel for cooking, food and shelter material to over 140,000 refugees in nine Burmese refugee camps in Thailand. A rapid environmental impact assessment (EIA) of TBBC’s program and activities was conducted by an external consultant in response to a request by one its donor agencies, Swedish International Development Agency (Sida). The assessment was carried out in line with Sida’s Guidelines for the Review of EIA - Humanitarian Assistance.
A powerful earthquake of magnitude 9.5 in the Richter scale, with epicenter located just off the Northern part of the island of Sumatra, occurred in the early hours of 26 December 2004. It created a tsunami that expanded over the Indian Ocean and affected the coastal areas of many countries in Asia and Africa.
Estimates of the economic and social impact of the disaster were undertaken under the leadership of the World Bank in Indonesia(1), Sri Lanka(2), Maldive Islands(3), and India(4).
FAO/THA/05/002 - Emergency Assistance to the Tsunami-affected Fishing Communities in Southern Thailand
OSRO/THA/505/CHA - Strengthening the Coordination and Assessment of Fishing Resources and Inputs Provided by Tsunami Emergency Relief
Coastal Development Centre, Faculty of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
1. On 20 January 2005, the Fiscal Policy Office (FPO) of the Ministry of Finance (MOF) requested technical assistance (TA) from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to assist the Government of Thailand in developing a subregional development plan (SRDP) for the Tsunami-Affected Andaman Region.
20-25 January 2005
Around 20% of schools for 50,000 children (200 of 1033 schools / 50,000 of 300,000 children) were affected by the Tsunami in some way. The national response in the education sector was, however, both strong and swift and almost all schools were able to re-open on January 4th after the cool-season break. All schools re-opened by the end of the following week. Although children's attendance was initially low, this is now rising.
Government of Finland MINISTRY FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS Unit for Internal Inspection
Based on a decision by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 10th January 2005, an internal report has been made on the measures taken by the Foreign Service in connection with the crisis in South East Asia. The report was completed in three weeks and was available on 28th January 2005.
Assessment by: Melissa Alvarado, MSW, and Kanokwan Mason, RN, of ARC International
I. Mission in Brief
The mission visited Phuket and Phang Nga, two most affected provinces among the six southern provinces hit by the recent tsunami. Taking the targeted area-based approach, the mission conducted both site visits and meetings with relevant provincial and local government agencies as well as the people. In areas where houses are completely destroyed and residents were evacuated, the mission visited both the affected sites and relief camps where residents were relocated. The mission also visited temporary and permanent shelter sites planned for the residents.
- The UNDAC Team
The team was composed of the following UNDAC members: Ms Merete Johansson, Chief, APAC, CRD, OCHA Geneva, Mr. Terje Skavdal, RDRA, OCHA, Kobe Dr. Teo Kwang Joo, Singapore Dr. Jari Vainio, Finland Ms. Neryl Lewis, Australia Mr. Robert Goodwin, IHP Support, Norway (1st half) Mr. Anders Laukvik, IHP Support, Norway (2nd half)
Objective of the mission:
To assess the mid- to long-term impact of the tsunami disaster and identify possible areas of partnerships between Government agencies, local NGOs, the World Bank, and UN agencies in two priority areas:
(i) Sustainable recovery of livelihoods among the local population in general;
(ii) Recovery of fisheries, in particular;
(iii) Environment rehabilitation, sustainable coastal zone planning, and eco-tourism.
Hakan Bjorkman (UNDP), Nat Pinoi (World Bank), Simon Funge-Smith (FAO), Phansiri Winichagoon (UNDP), …