By Meghan Benton and Paul Diegert
Across Western Europe, governments have stepped up their investments in programs that aim to help recently arrived refugees find work and settle into their new communities. But it is often unclear what types of programs yield the best results. It may take years or even generations for the full effects of integration initiatives to be felt, yet the limited evaluations that do exist generally focus on a more narrow set of short-term, economic outcomes (such as employment rates).
European leaders should de-escalate crisis around migration, says MPI Europe report
BRUSSELS – The European Union needs to boost its institutional capacity to predict and handle future volatility in migration to ease the sense of crisis hanging over national leaders, argues a new report from the Migration Policy Institute Europe.
European asylum systems faced a number of sharp challenges as more than 1 million asylum seekers and migrants traveled to Europe during the 2015-16 crisis. Many new arrivals moved onward to other EU destinations without registration or security checks, national reception systems quickly reached capacity, and Member States clashed over how to share responsibility for processing and offering protection to those in need. Yet the number of arrivals was not solely to blame for this dysfunction.
Children who arrive in Europe as immigrants or who have immigrant parents face a variety of barriers to success in European school systems. Some may not speak the language of instruction fluently or have interrupted prior schooling. Others may find their access to top-notch programs and schools limited by their family’s incomplete knowledge of how European education systems work. Students who arrive in their mid- to late teenage years also frequently face a race to plug linguistic and subject-matter gaps in order to earn a degree before aging out of the system.
By Rocío Naranjo Sandalio
Complex Relationship Between Migration and Development Suggests Narrowly Targeted Assistance May Do Little to Reduce Migration and Could Increase It in Short Term
WASHINGTON — As policymakers in Europe and other high-income countries search for ways to reduce unmanaged migration, they are paying new attention to addressing the drivers of migration, in particular the lack of economic opportunities in countries of origin.
By Elizabeth Collett and Aliyyah Ahad
By Luca Lixi
As maritime arrivals to Europe rose sharply in 2015 and 2016, European policymakers renewed their focus on building partnerships with origin and transit countries in North Africa in an effort to bring Mediterranean crossings under control. Though hardly new—some such partnerships stretch back decades—these efforts have taken on new urgency amid heightened migration to Europe by asylum seekers and migrants.
By Matthew Willner-Reid
Private Sponsorship Could Prove an Effective Tool for Engaging Communities and Individuals in Refugee Protection and Resettlement, If Implemented with Care, MPI Europe Brief Finds
By Anja Parish
As European Policymakers Debate Opening New Channels of Entry to Address Migration Crisis, More Needs to Be Understood about Existing Pathways
AUGUST 17, 2017
By Alice Greider
During the peak of the European migration and refugee crisis, hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers and migrants arrived in the European Union via the Western Balkans. In 2015, 600,000 registered at the Presevo camp alone, on the border of Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). Key components of crisis management fell to non-EU states along the Western Balkans route, primarily Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, which paradoxically were not consulted on broader, European-wide responses.
By M. Murat Erdoğan
In the summer of 2014, the number of unaccompanied children traveling from the Northern Triangle of Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) through Mexico and on to the United States surged. Some undertook the dangerous journey to escape violence, endemic poverty, or recruitment by criminal gangs, while others hoped to reunite with family in the United States. To stem the flow of migrants through its territory, Mexico stepped up enforcement at its southern border and along popular routes through the country, apprehending more than 50,000 such children since 2014.
The Swedish asylum system—long one of the most efficient and generous in the world—faced an unprecedented challenge in the fall of 2015. As the number of refugees and migrants arriving in Sweden surged, processing times for asylum applications grew and emergency housing reached capacity. Schools struggled to enroll young newcomers, who made up nearly half of asylum applicants in 2015. The pace of arrivals, coupled with existing housing, teacher, and interpreter shortages, brought this robust system to a crisis point.
By Hanne Beirens and Susan Fratzke
In response to growing humanitarian needs, more governments around the world have turned to resettlement to offer protection to some of the world’s most vulnerable refugees. In Europe, proximity to ongoing humanitarian crises has led the European Union to ramp up its resettlement efforts, including in the form of an EU-wide resettlement scheme and dedicated funding to support Member State initiatives.
By Blair Levin, Paul De Sa, and T. Alexander Aleinikoff
With global displacement at record levels, policymakers and humanitarian organizations increasingly recognize the role communications technology can play in facilitating protection solutions for refugees, both in transit and at destination. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has documented how mobile and Internet connectivity, specifically, enable refugees to remain safe, access health and educational services, build livelihoods, and keep in touch with families and communities.