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31 Dec 2007 description

The concept of the "Right to Water" has emerged over the past few years, emphasizing a human-centered approach to meeting basic needs among vulnerable populations. The concept's scope gathered momentum in 2002 when the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) adopted General Comment No. 15, which, for the first time, recognized the right to Water as a fundamental human right.

31 Dec 2007 description
report ActionAid

This document provides guidelines and framework for conducting Rapid Foundational Analysis [RFA], which is linked directly to current responses and develops plans for new responses and consolidating current responses in accordance with findings from the analysis.
It is therefore a framework which integrates analysis and response programming into one single process.

SECTION ONE: ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT
SECTION TWO: ActionAid's CURRENT RESPONSE
SECTION THREE: PROPOSALS FOR EFFECTIVE PROGRAMMING

31 Dec 2007 description

Multiple humanitarian actors with different objectives, principles and modi operandi intervene in situations of armed conflict and internal violence in order to alleviate the plight of the victims: governmental and non-governmental organisations, international organisations, National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and private companies, among others. The diversity of actors and approaches can help to alleviate suffering if they manage to act in a complementary fashion, on the basis of their respective operational abilities.

31 Dec 2007 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Since June 2000, the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) has supported the Nutrition Surveillance component of the FSAU to provide comprehensive understanding of the impact of the food security situation on nutritional status of the population of the country. FSAU has been conducting nutrition assessments in Somalia for the last seven years. During this time consistently high levels of acute malnutrition and under 5 mortality rates (U5MR) have been reported in many parts of South and Central Somalia.

31 Dec 2007 description

Executive Summary

Introduction

In Sudan, civil war has raged between north and south for decades. While the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ended hostilities, the human toll of the conflict remains evident. Overall, it is estimated that 2 million died, 6 million were displaced and untold millions lost assets, land and livelihoods. Economic and developmental repercussions have been far reaching. Existing infrastructure in the south has either been destroyed or suffered years of neglect.

31 Dec 2007 description

Executive Summary

Introduction

In Sudan, civil war has raged between north and south for decades. While the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ended hostilities, the human toll of the conflict remains evident. Overall, it is estimated that 2 million died, 6 million were displaced and untold millions lost assets, land and livelihoods. Economic and developmental repercussions have been far reaching. Existing infrastructure in the south has either been destroyed or suffered years of neglect.

31 Dec 2007 description

Greater Darfur

1.1 Situational analysis

1.1.1 Overview

Situated between the Sahelian and desert zones, Greater Darfur is comprised of 3 states and covers an area approximately 511,412 square kilometres. Northern Sudan is typically more arid, receiving less than 100 mm of rain, while South Darfur is part of the Sudanic zone and enjoys a much longer rainy season, receiving 500 to 900 mm of rain.

Culturally, Darfur is comprised of both sedentary (non arab) and nomadic (arab) agropastoralists.

31 Dec 2007 description

Introduction

1. Since Colonialism in Africa, the State (Ethiopia) has struggled for the liberty of all Africa as reflected in its role in the establishment of the OAU, whose principal purpose was eradication of colonialism. However, the international actions of the State were not matched by similar moves for the domestic protection of human and peoples' rights. For the most part, individual and collective rights in Ethiopia were neglected. Human rights violations were almost the norm. That is now past.

31 Dec 2007 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This study was designed to assess the impact of stability resulting from the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on the most food insecure and nutritionally vulnerable areas and groups in southern Sudan and the Three Areas, and make recommendations about how Title II and Disaster Assistance (DA) resources should be used in addressing the prevailing food security issues.

31 Dec 2007 description

Introduction

One of the basic underlying assumptions of conflict transformation theory is that conflict is an inherent part of development and social change, which has the potential for both constructive and destructive outcomes.

31 Dec 2007 description

HUMAN SECURITY JOURNAL Volume 5, Winter 2007

Emmanouil Athanasiou

The views expressed are based on the author's experience in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), mainly in the eastern areas, the provinces of North and South Kivu and Ituri. The author argues that the United Nations peacekeeping mission in DRC is, by all means, an operation based on human security, with a mandate reflecting the evolution of international practice in the field of peacekeeping, peace-building and conflict prevention.

31 Dec 2007 description

Abstract

Over two million Iraqis have crossed borders during the past years to save their lives and livelihoods. The majority has found a safe refuge, albeit an increasingly difficult one, in two neighboring countries, Syria and Jordan. These two countries have kept their doors open to refugees long after other regional destinations were closed. That refuge, however, is close to exhausted as well becaue of resource strains, security concerns and the fact that violence in Iraq is continuing rather than abating.

31 Dec 2007 description

1. Background

Competition over land and natural resources has long been a source of tension between different groups in Sudan. In colonial times, confrontation mainly took place over land access, especially among pastoralists and between pastoralists and farmers. The British administration accepted customary rules over land, though the title to land was vested in the government. The Native Administration was delegated to arbitrate between different groups.

31 Dec 2007 description
report UN Children's Fund

An Impact Assessment of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare/UN World Food Programme Food Support Programme for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) in Northern Namibia

Executive Summary

The Community and Household Surveillance (CHS) was designed by WFP and partners as a system in the southern Africa region to monitor outcomes of the food assistance programmes as well as to monitor the food security situation in programme areas over time.

31 Dec 2007 description

(excerpt)

Many people believe that simply providing a fresh, clean water supply will substantially reduce water-borne illnesses. What most people do not know is that safe hygiene practices and access to sanitation are crucial for combating the main health threats to children under five, in particular diarrhoea.

31 Dec 2007 description

Executive Summary

This protection assessment mission to Jordan is a joint effort of the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC) and the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Migration and Refugee Services (USCCB-MRS).

31 Dec 2007 description
report Tufts University

This report primarily draws on information from fieldwork conducted from 2005-2007 throughout Karamoja and in neighboring districts of Uganda, Sudan and Kenya. We interviewed over 900 individuals and carried out direct and participant observation in manyattas (the social, cultural, political, and economic unit for an extended family or several families), kraals (mobile cattle camps/fortified cattle enclosures) and town centers throughout Karamoja.

31 Dec 2007 description
report Small Arms Survey

Synthèse

La République du Congo (RC) s'est engagée dans un nouveau programme de désarmement, de démobilisation et de réintégration (DDR). La dernière tentative de DDR remonte à 2003. Les discussions et activités liées au DDR ont repris en 2004.

31 Dec 2007 description
report Tufts University

Executive Summary

The Karamojong live astride the borders of Uganda, Sudan, Kenya, and Ethiopia. The estimated 1.4 million members of the pastoral and agro-pastoral ethnic groups who constitute what is known as the Karamoja Cluster mostly share a common language and culture. They have long been politically and economically marginalized and exploited. Successive colonial and post-independence regimes have failed to understand the root causes of cattle raiding and arms trafficking in the region or to seek any non-violent responses to endemic violence and anarchy.

31 Dec 2007 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Since June 2000, the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) has supported the Nutrition Surveillance component of the FSAU to provide comprehensive understanding of the impact of the food security situation on nutritional status of the population of the country. FSAU has been conducting nutrition assessments in Somalia for the last seven years. During this time consistently high levels of acute malnutrition and under 5 mortality rates (U5MR) have been reported in many parts of South and Central Somalia.