Problem statement Intra- and inter-country movement is a central feature of West African life. Some people move as a result of conflict, but most move for social and economic reasons. Migration within and from the region has often had a positive effect on household, local and national economies, including through remittances and access to educational and employment opportunities. It is often a necessary way of coping with limited economic opportunities, poverty, subsistence and harsh environments, but can also be aspirational.
Highlights October 2018
West African migrants rescued by the IOM in northern Niger: according to IOM, seventy-four West African migrants were rescued on 4 October in northern Niger, in the middle of the desert bordering Algeria.
Child marriage in West and Central Africa is one of the biggest challenges in the region and has enormous adverse effects on education, health, including sexual and reproductive health, and on the overall development of adolescents and youth. This brochure provides recent data and analysis of child marriage in the region.
Key trends in Africa in the week of November 4th include the continued violence against civilians in Cameroon, the deadliest attack in Mogadishu of 2018 and the escalation of political violence in Guinea. Other relevant developments spanned the DRC, Chad, Niger and Madagascar.
MIXED MIGRATION FLOWS TO EUROPE
Between July and September 2018, a total of 45,092 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe, 14 per cent more than the 39,402 registered in the second quarter and two and a half times the 18,956 registered in the first three months of the year. More than a half (53%) of arrivals were registered as land and sea arrivals to Spain (24,361). Greece has received the second largest caseload of arrivals (14,226), three times more than 4,447 arrivals registered in Italy during this reporting period (July – September 2018).
Key trends in the week of October 21st in Africa include the rise in fighting in Cameroon after the re-election of president Biya; the continuation of the Islamist violence and the rapid escalation of intercommunal violence in Mali; and other escalation triggers in CAR, DRC, Guinea and Ethiopia.
Highlights for September
-Increased displacement of civilians in Mali due to armed conflict: According to a report from the Norwegian Refugee Council published on 7 September 2018, close to 50,000 people have fled their homes in northern and central Mali in 2018, due to intercommunal clashes, a rise in armed groups and military operations.
Etude d’UNOWAS sur le pastoralisme et la sécurité en Afrique de l’Ouest et au Sahel
Les conflits impliquant des éleveurs1 sont en augmentation en Afrique de l’Ouest, mais pas de manière uniforme
IOM voluntary humanitarian returns from Libya: On 8 August 2018, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), reported that it had facilitated the return of 10,950 stranded migrants from Libya through its Voluntary Humanitarian Return (VHR) Programme, following an important increase in the number of detainees recorded in Libya. Among these, 9,636 were returned to countries in Central and West Africa.
Author: UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme on Female Genital Mutilation
As the largest global programme addressing FGM, the UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Accelerating Change plays a critical role in achieving Target 5.3 which calls for the elimination of all harmful practices by 2030, under the Sustainable Development Goal 5. The main document analyses, "How to Transform a Social Norm," is a three-part reflection on Phase II (2014-2018).
Mediterranean crossings deadlier than ever, new UNHCR report shows
Three years on from the shocking images of lifeless Syrian toddler Alan Kurdi on a Turkish beach, a new report by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency shows that crossing the Mediterranean Sea has become even more deadly.
UNHCR’s new Desperate Journeys report shows that more than 1,600 people have died or gone missing while attempting to reach Europe so far this year.
Morin C, Bost I, Mercier A, Dozon J, Atlani-Duault L. Information Circulation in times of Ebola: Twitter and the Sexual Transmission of Ebola by Survivors. PLOS Currents Outbreaks. 2018 Aug 28 . Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/currents.outbreaks.4e35a9446b89c1b46f8308099840d48f.
Celine Morin, Ida Bost, Arnaud Mercier, Jean-Pierre Dozon, Laetitia Atlani-Duault
The monthly risk briefing provides information on global weather, volcanic, human and health events where members may consider using the Start Fund’s Crisis Anticipation Window. It reports on new, emerging or deteriorating situations; therefore, ongoing events that are considered to be unchanged are not featured and risks that are beyond the scope and scale of the Start Fund are also not featured.
Analyse régionale de la situation de l’insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle aiguë – Situation courante (mars-mai 2018) et projetée (Juin-Août 2018)
Voluntary Return Assistance by International Organisation for Migration (IOM) Niger: As of July 2018, 8,000 refugees and migrants were rescued during 84 search and rescue operations. 90% of them were rescued near the border towns of Arlit and Assamaka. Half of the refugees and migrants who arrived at IOM Transit points in Niger had no identification documents.
Delphin Kolie Bienvenu S. Camara, Alexandre Delamou, Abdoul H. Béavogui, Veerle Hermans, Jeffrey K. Edwards, Guido Benedetti, Claude P. Muller, Johan van Griensven, Rony Zachariah
The 2014–15 Ebola outbreak in West Africa was disruptive for the general health services in the affected countries. This study assessed the impact of the outbreak on the reported number and management of malaria in children under-five in rural Guinea.
Materials and methods
While there is room for disagreement about migration policy, the humanitarian imperative means that we must never needlessly sacrifice the survival and dignity of any vulnerable people, including migrants.