By Martin Scott, Kate Wright and Mel Bunce. In this report we present some of the findings of our four year, global research project into the state of humanitarian journalism around the world. We ask,
Which news organisations regularly report on humanitarian affairs? How are they funded, and what ethical problems or professional dilemmas does this create for journalists covering humanitarian affairs?
In the course of this ground-breaking research, thousands of girls and young women have shared their stories of harassment and violence for the first time, providing a never-before seen glimpse of what they experience in their cities and the impact this has on their lives.
Highlights for September
-Increased displacement of civilians in Mali due to armed conflict: According to a report from the Norwegian Refugee Council published on 7 September 2018, close to 50,000 people have fled their homes in northern and central Mali in 2018, due to intercommunal clashes, a rise in armed groups and military operations.
“Social media at times will convince people to come to Europe, because of the things people put on Facebook—the lifestyle and so on. Maybe it does that. But I would never tell people to come through Libya, to make this journey.”
To withstand the inevitable natural disasters climate change will bring, better disaster risk management must start now.
Human activity has caused the temperature of the Earth and its atmosphere to rise by about 1°C above pre-industrial levels, triggering fundamental changes to the planet’s physical and social landscapes. On 8 October an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that temperatures were rising faster than expected, and that 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels could occur as early as 2030.
This report has established-without equivocation, that the humanitarian crisis in the North East region is far from over. More importantly, it is a humanitarian crisis that is complex, multi-faceted and indeed monumental. Not only has more than two million people been displaced and tens of thousands killed in the last decade alone, but the sheer destruction of the basic economic and social infrastructure will take a long time to rebuild. The impact of the insurgency on all the basic Human Development indices is colossal.
Faced with the resurgence of all too familiar migration-management challenges, the European Union has a habit of returning to a familiar set of policy proposals. European policymakers have again raised the idea of shifting the processing of asylum seekers and irregular migrants outside EU borders, with some proposals floated this summer describing the creation of “disembarkation platforms” in North Africa to deal with those intercepted while crossing the Mediterranean.
The Taliban could be a spoiler, but a successful election can set the course for credible presidential polls and advance the peace process.
By: Scott Worden; Belquis Ahmadi
CHILD TRAFFICKING: WHO ARE THE VICTIMS AND THE CRIMINAL NETWORKS TRAFFICKING THEM IN AND INTO THE EU 18 October 2018
New Europol report on child trafficking provides up-to-date intelligence picture on criminal phenomenon One of the most serious aspects of this phenomenon is the role of the family, with Europol receiving regular notifications of children being sold to criminal networks by their families. In some cases they engage directly in the trafficking and exploitation of their own children.
According to the IPC Analysis, as for June-September 2018, Lubombo region is classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) with 122 657 people or 25% of the population in Crisis conditions. Hhohho and Manzini regions are classified at Minimal level of food insecurity (IPC Phase 1), and Shiselweni region is classified at Stressed level (IPC Phase 2).
The latest IPC acute food insecurity situation analysis (June 2018 with projections up to September 2018) covered 36 districts of 7 Provinces. According to the results, 531,476 people in 19 districts were classified to be in "Crisis" (IPC phase 3) and in need of urgent interventions to protect their livelihoods, reduce food shortages and increase their resilience to extreme events.
We investigated the short-term impact of Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest typhoons ever to make landfall, on the pattern of admissions in two hospitals in Eastern Visayas, the Philippines.
12,000 people have been affected by flooding and landslides in Bukalasi and Buwali sub-counties in Bududa district since 11 October. The Bududa landslide disaster followed three days of consistent and heavy rainfall in the areas around Mount Elgon National Park in Bukalasi. 858 people have been displaced (The Tower Post 14/10/2018). 51 deaths have been reported (Howwe 14/10/2018).
Reported humanitarian needs are shelter, food, healthcare and NFIs (ActAlliance 15/10/2019).
Anticipated scope and scale
Thus far, 2018 has been historic in many ways. Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a landmark declaration of peace and friendship on 9 July, casting aside decades of hostility in a matter of weeks. The announcement of the end to the state of war was met by widespread jubilation in both countries, and was matched by concrete acts of rapprochement, which included reopening telephone and air links as well as the Eritrean embassy in Ethiopia.
Sherine El Taraboulsi-McCarthy
Global counter-terrorism measures have had adverse implications for financial access for local NGOs in the West Bank and, particularly, Gaza. Local organisations are not able to access funds via formal banking channels because of de-risking measures, with crippling effects on the Palestinian non-profit sector.
Over 257,800 people have returned from northeastern Angola to the greater Kasai region of DRC since 1 October. During displacement, DRC nationals have experienced violence and human rights abuses, and many have arrived with almost nothing. Food, medical, protection and shelter interventions are required, as the host communities in greater Kasai were themselves already facing severe food insecurity and a cholera outbreak.
Anticipated scope and scale
Stuart Gordon, Alice Robinson, Harry Goulding and Rawaad Mahyub
UN report urges release of hundreds of abducted civilians
GENEVA / JUBA (18 October 2018) – A UN report has documented the immense suffering of civilians in the Western Equatoria region of South Sudan where 900 people were abducted and 24,000 forced to flee their homes during a surge in violence between April and August.
Kabul Citizens Vote to Strengthen Democracy and Reform, Despite Lacking Trust in the Process: AREU Research Finds
KABUL, October 18 2018: In a study conducted through interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs), the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) found that many Kabul citizens plan to take part in the upcoming elections despite their general distrust of the electoral process and the Independent Election Commission (IEC), pessimism toward former MPs and political parties and the overall deteriorating security situation.