One of the main drivers of humanitarian needs in Afghanistan in 2018 was displacement due to conflict with more than half a million people forced from their homes due to fighting. Many of these people remain in displacement across the country, as conflict prevents them from returning to their areas of origin.
Almost 11,600 Afghan citizens returned from Pakistan to Afghanistan in 2018. While the number of returnees is less than the same period last year, a larger influx from Pakistan is expected in the second half of the year.
On 31 January 2018, the UN Humanitarian Coordinator, supported by the NHF Advisory Board, requested the urgent launch of a NHF reserve allocation to address the needs of highly vulnerable persons in Pulka and along the Maiduguri-Monguno axis in Borno State, and to ensure the continuation of UN humanitarian air services for frontline responders in the north-east. The US$9 million allocation supports 15 projects that would either be discontinued or could not be scaled-up despite increased needs due to lack of funding.
Within the period of 10 to 16 April 2018, a total of 3,795 arrivals and 515 departures were recorded at locations in Askira/Uba, Bama, Chibok, Damboa, Demsa, Dikwa, Fufore, Girei, Gombi, Guzamala, Gwoza, Hawul, Hong, Jere, Kala/Balge, Konduga, Kukawa, Madagali, Mafa, Magumeri, Maiha, Michika, Mobbar, Monguno, Mubi-North, Mubi-South, Ngala, Numan, Yola-North and Yola-South LGAs of Borno and Adamawa States.
INTRODUCTION: L’OIM travaille avec les autorités nationales, locales et des partenaires locaux, afin de mieux comprendre et connaître les mouvements migratoires à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Le suivi des flux de population (FMP) est une activité qui permet de quantifier et de qualifier les flux, les profils des migrants, les tendances et les routes migratoires sur un point d’entrée, de transit ou de sortie donné.
Total number of refugees* - 768,830
Pre-Dec 2013 refugees - 352,212
Post-Dec 2013 refugees - 416,618
Total arrivals in 2018 - 14,690
Total arrivals in Mar 2018 - 4,348
AMÉRICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE TIENE LA TASA DE HOMICIDIOS MÁS ALTA DEL MUNDO
América Latina y El Caribe es la única región en la que la tasa de homicidio adolescente ha aumentado desde 2007. La tasa de homicidio adolescente es tres veces mayor a la siguiente región (África Occidental y Central)
6.3 millones de niños, niñas y adolescentes son migrantes o refugiados.
Colombia tiene más niños y niñas desplazados que cualquier otro país en el mundo: 2 millones de niños y niñas desplazados por el conflicto.
62% de las víctimas de tráfico humano y abuso en América Latina y el Caribe son niños y niñas.
600,000 personas migraron de Venezuela a Colombia en 2017. 48% son niños y niñas.
13,515 Refugees in Lóvua
24,762 Refugees receiving assistance in Lunda Norte
3,364 Households Persons with disabilities
57% Children <18 years old Unaccompanied and Separated Children
720 Households headed by women
6,287 Refugees under education age
41 Villages occupied vs 53 planned
CONTEXT AND METHODOLOGY
Yambio town is located in Yambio County, Upper Nile State, near South Sudan’s border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Yambio town was the centre of significant armed clashes and widespread displacement in 2016, and hosts a large population of internally displaced persons (IDPs) many of whom have started to return home as of early 2018.
CONTEXT AND METHODOLOGY
Kapoeta town is located in Kapoeta South County, Eastern Equatoria State, near Eastern Equatoria South Sudan’s border with Kenya. Since the beginning of the crisis in South Sudan in December 2013, Kapoeta town has been the gateway through which most internally displaced persons (IDPs) have passed on their way to refugee camps in Kenya.
In Anbar, most of the governorate’s 7,146 returnees identified during March 2018 are in the retaken districts of west Anbar. DTM Emergency Tracking indicates that approximately 33,000 of those displaced during last year’s offensive against ISIL in west Anbar have returned, but about 45,000 remain displaced.
A total of 1,279,740 individuals reportedly returned to Ninewa Governorate, meaning that the number of returnees in Ninewa Governorate has increased by 9% (107,292 individuals) this month. This increase is due to the joint validation exercise DTM and local authorities conducted in east and west Mosul to confirm returnee numbers.
RETURNS OVER TIME
Returns have been sustained since July 2016, when the campaign against ISIL intensified, with the periods October–November 2016 (aftermath of the offensive to retake the Anbar districts of Ramadi, Heet and Fallujah as well as eastern districts of Ninewa), May–June 2017 (Mosul operations) and September–December 2017 (last advance of the retaking campaign) witnessing the highest numbers of returns.
Despite the ‘Spring’ and ‘Easter’ ceasefires which began on 5 and 30 March respectively, clashes continued along both sides of the ‘contact line’ with severe impact on civilians. In March, shelling, mines and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) killed 5 civilians and injured 13. Key infrastructure, such as water and electricity facilities continued to be regularly affected by shelling and harsh weather conditions. On several occasions, over 400 000 people were left without water, electricity and heat for over 24 hours, due to the harsh weather conditions.