Food security outcomes expected to deteriorate earlier than usual in drought affected areas
• Plus de 700 000 burundais ont été soutenus par le secteur de la sécurité alimentaire en 2017
• Plus de 8 200 congolais ont trouvé refuge au Burundi en janvier 2018
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions - H: 0,85M F: 0,88M E: 1,87M
Population ciblée 2,4 millions - H: 0,53M F: 0,55M E: 1,28M
PDI 175,936 - H: 79k F: 97k
Réfugiés congolais 64 301 - H: n/a F: n/a
Réfugiés burundais 395 594 - H: 202k F: 194k
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 2,6 millions - IPC 3 1,9 M IPC 4 0,7 M
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This Outlook provides an overview of the anticipated humanitarian situation in the Great Lakes region from January to June 2018. It focuses on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and neighbouring countries—including Angola, Kenya and Zambia—that have received refugees and asylum-seekers due to the DRC crisis.
The application is vital for early detection of Fall Armyworm and guiding best response
14 March 2018, Rome - FAO has launched a mobile application to enable farmers, agricultural workers and other partners at the frontline of the fight against Fall Armyworm in Africa to identify, report the level of infestation, and map the spread of this destructive insect, as well as to describe its natural enemies and the measures that are most effective in managing it.
Asia es la región más afectada, según un informe sobre la carga que soportan los agricultores pobres
By Wilson Manishimwe
Added 14th March 2018 05:05 PM
According to Dr Godfrey Asea, the director National Crops Resources Research Institute,only a resilient variety could withstand the ‘cocktail’ of constraints such as the armyworm.
WAKISO - Farming experts have urged maize farmers countrywide to adopt drought-tolerant maize to boost food security.
Calm situation persists because of poor winter rainfall
No significant rain fell for the third consecutive month in the winter breeding areas along both sides of the Red Sea during February. Consequently, unusually dry and unfavourable breeding conditions persist in most areas. No locusts have been reported except for scattered mature solitarious adults at two places on the Red Sea coast of **Sudan**.
↗ International prices of wheat and maize increased further in February, mainly supported by weather-related concerns and currency movements. Export price quotations of rice also continued to strengthen, although the increases were capped by subsiding global demand for Indica supplies.
↗ In East Africa, in the Sudan, prices of the main staples: sorghum, millet and wheat, continued to increase in February and reached record highs, underpinned by the removal of the wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the Sudanese Pound.
• The 2018 Ethiopia Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) identifies 7.88 million people in need of food assistance, and 8.49 million people in need of non-food assistance at a cost of $1.658 billion
• Some $62 million mobilized for IDP response and rehabilitation programme
• About 86, 000 IDPs will be relocated to 11 urban/semiurban sites across Oromia region
• 18,000 IDPs receiving vocational training
Maize is the main staple and cereal crop. Maize crop failures in the region have historically had significant impact on food security.
Erratic rainfall, high temperatures and persistent Fall Armyworm infestation lower cereal crop production prospects for 2018 in Southern Africa.
• Conflict continues to displace populations within DRC and to neighboring countries
• UN requests nearly $1.7 billion to meet humanitarian needs in DRC during 2018
• Cholera and polio type 2 remain critical health concerns
Given the recurrent nature of climate-driven humanitarian crises in Ethiopia, Government and partners have agreed that a significant shift in approach is required.
• With 23,693 registered in Borno and Adamawa within the reporting period, new arrivals are increasing the pressure on the delivery of humanitarian services in the IDP settlements in terms of shelter,
NFIs, health and nutrition, provision of food and access to water and sanitation.
• A total 623,434 affected persons were reached with access to safe water through new construction/rehabilitation, operation and maintenance and daily chlorination within the reporting period.
COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
FAO assesses that globally 37 countries are in need of external assistance for food.
Conflicts continue to be the main factor driving the high levels of severe food insecurity.
Weather shocks have also adversely impacted food availability and access, notably in East Africa.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Satisfactory outcome of 2017 second season harvest in bi-modal rainfall areas
Delayed harvest and reduced maize production in Karamoja Region due to erratic rainfall and Fall Armyworm attacks
Aggregate 2017 cereal production estimated at 3.6 million tonnes, 5 percent up from 2016 and slightly above average of previous five years
Below-average pasture and water availability in pastoral areas due to early cessation of seasonal rainfall and high temperatures
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Cereal production in 2017 estimated at near-average levels despite localized erratic rainfall and outbreaks of Fall Armyworms
Inflation rates expected to increase in 2018 due to high Government spending combined with declining export revenues
Food and livestock prices generally at high levels driven by limited supplies and market disruptions due to ongoing conflict
- Intercropping maize with drought-resistant greenleaf desmodium and planting Brachiaria grass on the farm’s edge helps curb fall armyworms.
Researchers have found intercropping maize with drought-resistant greenleaf desmodium and planting Brachiaria grass on the farm’s edge helps curb fall armyworms.
Desmodium and Brachiaria grass are high quality animal fodder plants.
The Desert Locust situation continued to remain calm during February
No significant rain fell for the third consecutive month in the winter breeding areas along both sides of the Red Sea during February. Consequently, unusually dry and unfavourable breeding conditions persisted in most areas.
Despite favorable harvests, limited incomes continue to hinder food access
• A depreciating national currency, shortage of foreign exchange reserves, and trade restrictions with neighboring countries continue to limit Burundi’s capacity to import food, keeping staple food prices above five-year average levels.