- Uncharacteristically high rainfall was received this month. Spatial distribution was however good. Temporal distribution was poor leading to flash floods in several pockets.
- Natural vegetation has improved significantly with Vegetation Condition Index increasing strikingly.
- Pastures and browse are of good conditions and in all livelihood zones.
- The biophysical indicators show positive fluctuations above the expected seasonal ranges.
- Above average rainfall was received in the month of March 2018.
- The April Vegetation Condition Index values for Baringo County are above normal indicating the condition is normal.
- The Water levels in water pans are normal at 5 (70%-100%).
Atelier de lancement du projet TCP/CMR/3605 « Appui à la gestion de la chenille légionnaire d’automne, Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith) au Cameroun »
- The county continued to receive heavy in April with good temporal and even spatial distribution.
- Flash floods were reported in many parts of the county.
- Water was adequate with most pans fully recharged.
- The vegetation condition improved from severe deficit in February to above normal in April due to good rains.
- Rainfall: Marsabit County received torrential rainfall amounts which were well distributed in time and space across the livelihood zones.
- Vegetation condition: 3-months Vegetation Condition Index for April was 68.93 which depicted significant vegetation rejuvenation from moderate vegetation deficit in March to above normal vegetation greenness in the month under review. Forage condition is generally good across the livelihood zones.
- The month of April experience above normal rainfall. The rainfall was heavy in space and time across all livelihood zones.
- The vegetation greenness was above normal in all the livelihood zones.
- Rivers were recharged to above normal flows while water holding structures are at full capacity.
- In April, the County experienced 9-15 days of moderate to heavy rainfall. The rains received were generally well distributed in terms of time and space.
- The Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) is above the normal range for the period, indicating very good state of pasture and browse condition across most areas.
- The available pasture and browse is expected to last for at the least 2-3 months.
- The county received 297.5 percent of normal rainfall which was evenly distributed in amount, time and space.
- The vegetation condition was good and above the normal range.
All ASAL counties received favourable rainfall in April which supported considerable improvement in pasture and browse situation, water availability and access. Water levels have improved since most surface water sources were recharged to over 80 percent of their normal capacity. Livestock body condition and milk production are starting to improve, while overall, the season has been favourable to crop production.
A tropical cyclone developed on 16 May in the Gulf of Aden, between Yemen and Somalia, known as Cyclone Sagar. It hit Djibouti on 19 May causing heavy rains and flash floods (OCHA 22/05/2018;
On 19 May, Tropical Cyclone Sagar made landfall in North-western Somaliland bearing winds in excess of 120 km/h and an entire year’s worth of rain (200-300mm) affecting approximately 700,000 people and widespread destruction of property, infrastructure and the loss of livestock (Government of Somaliland 21/05/201; GDACS 19/05/2015; SWALIM 18/05/2018). The cyclone led to flooding that impacted populations previously devastated by droughts and that had not yet recovered, further worsening existing food insecurity. Urgent needs include food, shelter, WASH, and health (OCHA 20/05/2018).
Record-high rainfall generally improving outcomes despite flooding impacts
Crisis outcomes emerging in parts of southern semiarid areas
A rare tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia late on Wednesday, 16 May 2018. The cyclone, Sagar (TC01A), threatens to bring rains and dangerous flash flooding to desert areas of southern Yemen, northern Somalia and Djibouti.
On Thursday, the centre of the cyclone was about 400 km east of Aden, Yemen. Showers and thunderstorms were reported in the coast of southern Yemen west and east of Aden and on the coast of northern Somalia near Berbera.
Entre Mars et mi-Avril 2018, soit la période de récolte et post récolte, seule la commune de Kinyinya de la province de Ruyigi est classée en phase de Crise (IPC Phase 3), le reste du pays est classé en phase de Stress (IPC phase 2) et Insécurité alimentaire minimale (Phase 1). Durant la prochaine période de soudure de mi-Avril à Mai 2018, la proportion des populations en phase de Crise pourrait connaître une augmentation de 3% par rapport à la phase actuelle.
- Most of Southern Africa experienced erratic rainfall, delayed start of rainy season and extended midseason dry-spell from December to February which have wilted early planted crops in the region.
- In March 2018, significant rainfall was received in central and eastern parts of South Africa.
Saliou Niassy, Head of Technology Transfer Unit, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology ICIPE, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology
Sevgan Subramanian, Entomologist and Insect Pathologist, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology
A new initiative to strengthen multi-hazard early warning systems and to boost resilience is underway in Mali.
Cereal production during the upcoming harvest season in Southern Africa is expected to be below average, despite the heavy late rains, which benefitted the late planted crops. This is due to a late start of the rainy season, minimal to no rains during the critical planting season (December -January), high temperatures and the prevalence of Fall Armyworm (FAW).