The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is produced by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It provides a quarterly forward-looking analysis of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture, specifically highlighting:
Combien et Quand ? Entre Juillet et Septembre, soit la période actuelle de récolte et post récolte, 98.000 personnes (1%) ont été classées en phase d’Urgence (IPC Phase 4), alors que 1.301.000 (12%) ont été classés en phase de Crise (IPC Phase 3), et 4.700.000 (43%) en phase sous pression (IPC Phase 2) et 4.850.000 (44%) en Insécurité Alimentaire Minimale (Phase 1).
Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes likely to be widespread due to below-average short rains season
Dr Melanie Bateman, Lecturer in ICM Masters programme jointly organised by CABI, University of Neuchâtel
General situation during November 2018
Forecast until mid-January 2019
Desert Locust outbreak develops in Sudan and Eritrea
Favourable ecological conditions and extensive breeding caused a Desert Locust outbreak to develop in the winter breeding areas along the Red Sea coast in Sudan and Eritrea during December.
La production nationale de riz (paddy) est estimée à environ 3,3 millions de tonnes en 2018, soit 9 pour cent de plus que la maigre récolte de 2017, mais toujours 8 pour cent de moins que la moyenne quinquennale (2013-2017).
Arun Bhakta Shrestha
Humanitarian assistance to ease Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in Beloha District in January 2019
• The first rains favorable for agriculture fell in November across most of Madagascar allowing farmers to start the new cropping season on time. Below average rainfall was recorded across the western half of the country between October and November 2018 but it will likely not affect staple crop production.
A one-month-old baby in Vanuatu in December became the first person in the world to be immunized with a vaccine delivered by a commercial drone
By Isabelle Gerretsen
LONDON, Dec 24 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - From stopping child trafficking to mapping slums or delivering medicines, governments and companies found new ways to use technology in 2018 to help people globally.
Here are 10 new uses of technology in the past year:
Below-average rainfall will likely affect the 2018/19 season in southern and parts of central regions
Crisis (IPC Phase3) outcomes will likely persist through the lean season
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes expected in Karamoja through at least May 2019
Cox’s Bazar — Work has begun on one of the largest bamboo treatment plants ever installed in an emergency response, as IOM experts tackle a tiny insect that is devastating structures in the world’s biggest refugee settlement.
The number of internally displaced people (IDP) has continued to decline in the last twelve months. According to IOM DTM, currently there are some 143,000 IDPs, a 25% decrease from last year. However, natural disasters continue to cause displacement and since 1 October, some 2,600 people have been displaced by torrential rains and violent winds mainly in Rutana, Rumonge, Cibitoke and Bubanza provinces. Overall, natural disasters account to 76% of internal displacements.
Following the positive reception of OCHA’s set of 250 public domain humanitarian icons in 2012, the organization is releasing an extended and completely redesigned new collection in 2018 (295 and counting).
The original suite was developed because at OCHA we understand that during the response to an emergency it is critical to share and understand complex information in a timely fashion. Icons — with their easily accessible, universal visual language — are vital to achieve this.
Economic challenges and anticipated below-average rainfall to impact poor household food access
Results of the Analysis of Current (October – December, 2018) and Projected (June – August 2019)
• The Northern Region received normal to above while the Centre and South receive below normal rainfall.
• The Centre and South experienced prolonged dry spells averaging 2-4 weeks while the North experienced minimal dry spells in isolated places.
• Fall army worms infestations were reported in all districts but unlike last year control measures were spontaneous this season thus minimising impact.
• Maize production has dropped from 3.5million MT to 2.7 million MT representing 28%.
A sharp increase in maize grain prices as the lean season progresses.
Prices of maize grain increased sharply on the local markets in the fourth week of November, signalling supply constraints induced by the below-average production due to fall armyworm and prolonged dry spells in the 2017/18 season
The weekly average price of MK 144 per kilogram is 55 percent higher than a year earlier and 7 percent higher than the five-year average.
The third round of crop estimates assessment for the 2017/2018 season conducted by Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development indicated a maize production of 2,697,959 metric tons, 28.4% drop from 3,464,139 metric tons of 2016/2017 growing season.