In 2018, the crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) drastically worsened, spreading to previously unaffected areas and impacting the Great Lakes region. The ongoing conflicts across much of eastern and central DRC continue to cause significant displacement, damage to property and tragic loss of human life.
• The Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock, reiterates call for a cessation of hostilities in Yemen.
• The Yemen Humanitarian Fund allocates USD4 million to support 105,000 people displaced by conflict in Al Hudaydah with winterization assistance.
• Polio campaign targets 5.5 million children under age 5 across Yemen.
EMERGENCY RELIEF COORDINATOR, MARK LOWCOCK CONCLUDES HIS VISIT TO YEMEN
KINSHASA, DAKAR, NEW YORK, GENEVA, 11 December 2018 – Children now account for more than one third of the Ebola cases in affected regions of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), UNICEF said today. The UN children’s agency also reported that one in ten Ebola cases is under five-years-old, while children who contract the Ebola virus are at higher risk of dying from the disease than adults.
Launch of the Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 and the World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018 At the end of November 2018, 21 Humanitarian Response Plans (HRP) and the Syria Regional Response Plan (3RP) require US$ US$24.93 to assist 97.9 million people in urgent need of humanitarian support. The requirements are lower than announced at the end of October ($25.2 billion) as those for Ethiopia have now been reduced. The plans are funded at $14.29 billion; this amounts to 57.3 per cent of financial requirements for 2018.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 57 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
- Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Lassa fever in Nigeria
- Measles in Mauritius
Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.
Dengue 2 : fin des épidémies dans le Pacifique, circulation inter-épidémique à la Réunion
Dengue 1 : circulation à Wallis et Futuna, à Nauru, en Guadeloupe et à Saint-Martin
MENINGITE A MENINGOCOQUE
Epidémie à méningocoque C à Fidji
Circulation de méningocoque W en Nouvelle-Zélande
Éléments nouveaux/faits marquants intervenus depuis la diffusion de la carte précédente sur PacNet, le 3 décembre 2018
KINSHASA/DAKAR/NEW YORK/GENEVE, 11 décembre 2018 – Les enfants représentent plus d’un tiers des cas d’Ebola dans les régions touchées par l’épidémie dans l’est de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC), a annoncé aujourd’hui l’UNICEF. Le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’Enfance a également signalé qu’un cas d’Ebola sur dix avait moins de cinq ans, tandis que le taux de mortalité auprès des enfants qui contractent le virus Ebola est plus élevé qu’auprès des adultes.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
L’actualité humanitaire en République centrafricaine (RCA) a été marquée par la persistance des incidents violents contre les civils et la réponse humanitaire apportée sur toute l’étendue du territoire. Deux travailleurs humanitaires d’une organisation nationale ont été enlevés et ensuite libérés sur l’axe Bria-Irrabanda. En réponse à l’épidémie d’hépatite E, les organisations humanitaires poursuivent les activités de prévention et de sensibilisation à Bocaranga.
Reprise des activités scolaires Préfecture de l’Ouham
According to UNHCR, 5,253,800 have now fled Syria to surrounding countries in the region. 1.4 million of them fled in 2014 alone with an average of more than 3.935 people per day. In 2015 more than 617,188 Syrians fled the country, an average of more than 1,714 per day. In 2017 more than 623,374 Syrians fled the country, an average of more than 1,731 per day.
Children now make up 45% of the refugee population, meaning there are an estimated 2,354,210 refugee children in the region.
MEASLES INFECTIONS RISING
Measles infections are on the rise since mid-November when 209 cases were recorded, up from 131 a week earlier. In late November and early December, 43 cases were reported in seven districts in central and southern Chad.
Another 105 samples are being tested. More than 4,000 cases and 91 deaths have been recorded since an outbreak was declared in June. The outbreak has hit the epidemic level in 39 health districts. Vaccination was carried out in 41 districts in November.
The Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 2.19 million Swiss francs to enable the IFRC to support the Malagasy Red Cross (MRCS) to deliver assistance to some 960,000 people in the targeted regions over 19 months (to April 2019) and contribute to the reduction in mortality and morbidity due to the plague outbreak in 7 priority regions through effective prevention, response and capacity building activities.
- 42 suspected acute jaundice syndrome were reported in Daraa in week 47.
- 3 cases of acute paralysis flaccid reported from Dair Zour (2), and Quniatera (1).
Completeness& Timeliness of Reporting
- The overall completeness of reporting was 84 %; (1084 out of total 1295 EWARS sentinel sites). 14 governorates have reported this week.
- Timeliness of reporting was 90%.
Highlights/updates since the last map was sent on PacNet on 3 December 2018
An increasing number of dengue positive cases (serotype unknown) has been reported in Nauru. From 25 October to 5 December 2018, 114 samples were tested in the laboratory using NS1Ag Combo and 42 were positives. A batch of samples will be sent shortly to a reference laboratory for serotyping.– Source: personal communication with country officials on 10 December 2018
Critically important to ensure every child gets two drops of the polio vaccine during the campaign
Islamabad, 9 December 2018 – Closest ever to its goal of stopping Polio virus circulation, Pakistan starts the last nationwide door to door Polio vaccination campaign of the year from 10th December. During these days, over 270,000 frontline workers will go door to door to ensure 38.7 million children aged 0 – 5 years receive polio vaccines that will protect them against the poliovirus.