1. Bref résumé
L’épidémie a débuté le 14 aout 2017 dans le village de maréna (DS Koukou)
La dernière mission d’appui de l’OMS est arrivée le 15/09/2017 à Goz Beida
Diagnostics confirmés par le laboratoire : 6 Echantillons ont été testés au laboratoire national et révèle la présence du Vibrio cholerare serotype Ogawa O1
Une équipe de coordination est mise sur place avec l’appui des partenaires, OMS,
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The disaster and the Red Cross Red Crescent response to date
March 2014: Ebola outbreak in Gueckedou and a FACT team is deployed in the country March and April 2014: CHF 250,000 DREF allocated
FREETOWN, September 21 2017 --- On the morning of 14th August 2017, people in Sierra Leone awoke to tragic news. Following torrential rains, landslides had devastated communities in and around the country’s capital, Freetown. The landslide started in the Regent area, high on the slopes in the eastern part of the city, but flash floods, mudslides and boulders then cascaded down the mountainside, eviscerating everything in their way. It was a tragedy of immense proportions.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Guinea experiencing a measles outbreak, officially declared on February 8, 2017. A response plan was put in place by the National Health Security Agency (NHSA) and partners. It was decided to target children from 6 months to 10 years in 31 health districts. The reasons for the choice of these zones to respond are as follows:
At least 24 people have died of cholera across Darfur this week, with reports continuing to reach Radio Dabanga of new infections in the region.
Eight people died of cholera and 13 others have been infected in Murnei locality of West Darfur until Tuesday.
A sheikh from camp Murnei for displaced persons told Radio Dabanga that five deaths occurred after the patients were transferred to the camp’s isolation centre on Saturday, while another three died on Sunday.
1,355,764 Total refugees and asylum-seekers in country (as of 31 August 2017)
1,021,903 Total S.Sudan refugees and asylum-seekers in country (as of 31 August 2017)
340,103 S.Sudan new arrival in country (1 Jan - 18 Sept 2017)
61% Of population are children under 18
82% of the Population are women and children <18
3% Of the population are eldery
51% Of all South Sudan refugees are in Uganda
(10) AFP cases were reported during this week, (2) cases from each of Deir-ez-Zor, Homs and Hama, one case from each of Damascus, Rural Damascus, Tartous and Aleppo.
(37) Suspected Measles cases were reported during this week; mostly from Ar-Raqqa (10) cases, from Dar’a (6) cases, and from Damascus (5) cases.
Completeness& Timeliness of Reporting
• During the reporting period, IOM DTM Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT), recorded 7,415 new arrivals in 16 LGAs in Borno and 4 LGAs in Adamawa States. The mobility is attributed to influxes from rural villages to government protected towns due to continuing military actions, attacks by Boko Haram and people seeking better livelihood in more secured locations.
Nigeria: Le Nigeria connait une flambée de choléra qui s’est aggravée depuis la semaine 33 par l’apparition d’un foyer dans l’Etat de Borno. Au total à la semaine 34 le pays connait 7 foyers dont 3 très actifs (Borno, Kebbi et Kano) qui ont rapporté pendant les deux dernières semaines cumulativement 106 cas dont 05 décès. Ces trois foyers constituent une menace importante pour les autres pays du bassin du Lac Tchad, ainsi que pour le Golf de Guinée via le Benin.
From January 2017, a total of 50,547 children (64% of annual target) and 94,851 children (48% of annual target) have been admitted for the treatment of severe and moderate acute malnutrition respectively.
During the reporting period, 31,857 people in Marsabit, Samburu and Mandera Counties gained permanent access to water through repair of boreholes. A further 81,634 gained temporary access to safe water through household water treatment.
(New York, 19 September 2017) The Special Advisers to the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide and on the Responsibility to Protect express concern at continued allegations of grave violations and abuses of human rights law and violations of international humanitarian law in the context of the on-going conflict in Yemen and voiced their support for the call made by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to establish an impartial, international mechanism to investigate the facts and the circumstances.
19 September 2017 – Pakistan, being one of the last 3 polio-endemic countries in the world, has launched the first national immunization days campaign of the 2017–2018 low transmission season during which more than 37 million children under the age of 5 will be vaccinated against polio. The campaign is taking place in all the districts/agencies of the country with a few local operational adjustments.
In the rainforests of Beni Territory, families face life-threatening challenges—conflict, forced displacement, and outbreaks of disease. Medair supports 12 health facilities in the region; without them, tens of thousands of people would have no viable way to receive medical care.
• Nearly 700,000 suspected cholera cases and over 2,000 associated deaths have been reported since 27 April.
• 1.7 million people in acute need live in districts with highest access constraints.
• 78 per cent of households are economically worse off than they were two years ago.
• 8,530 people have been killed since March 2015, and 48,848 injured. More than 1,500 schools are damaged or destroyed.
Cholera cases still rising
Nearly 700,000 suspected cases reported in less than six months
Depuis le mois d’avril 2015, le Burundi fait face à des conditions d’instabilité socio-politique dont les conséquences croissantes ne cessent de porter préjudice à la sécurité alimentaire et aux moyens d’existence des ménages. L’instabilité affecte davantage les populations urbaines et rurales les plus vulnérables, qui vivent dans des zones exposées de façon récurrente à l’insécurité alimentaire et à la malnutrition.
Abuja, 20 September 2017 - The 34th session of the Expert Review Committee on Polio Eradication and Routine Immunization (ERC), cautions the Nigeria programme to guard against complacency as the country is ”not out of the woods yet”. The warning according to ERC, is germane, given recent antecedents despite one year without any reported case of wild poliovirus (WPV) in Nigeria.
In 2016, the Government reported four laboratory confirmed WPV cases between July and August after almost two years without the detection of WPV.
Maiduguri, 19 September 2017 - As the cholera vaccination campaign kicks off for the first time in Nigeria in the affected areas of Borno state, the Deputy Governor, His Excellency Usman Mamman Durkwa has commended World Health Organization’s (WHO) commitment to contain the outbreak.
Depuis 2015, le pays est confronté à une épidémie de malaria, avec près de 18,5 millions de cas et plus de 8 500 décès recensés sur près de trois ans. En 2016, le seuil épidémique a été dépassé et le nombre de provinces touchées a continué d'augmenter. En conséquent, le Gouvernement du Burundi a déclaré l'épidémie de malaria en mars 2017 et a élaboré un plan de riposte, en collaboration avec les partenaires du secteur de la santé. Le plan nécessite 41,7 millions de dollars et est actuellement financé à hauteur de 33,6 millions de dollars.