GENEVA, 2 November 2018 – The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) today called attention to the significant loss of life and economic losses associated with tsunamis, notably for countries bordering the Indian and Pacific Oceans, over the last twenty years.
A review of available data from tsunami events puts these losses at 251,770 deaths and US$280 billion out of recorded economic losses for earthquakes and tsunamis of US$661.5 billion (1998-2017).
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
The collapse of the Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy dam on 23 July 2018 as a result of Tropical Storm Son Tinh that had made land fall days earlier, has caused massive flash floods that affected 13,100 people and displaced 6,000 people, leaving 39 dead and around 97 missing (according to UN Situation Report no. 9).
By Tiamkare Thitithamtada, IFRC
Three months since the collapse of Laos’ Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy hydro-power dam cut a path of destruction through 13 villages in the province of Attapeu, many communities, including that of Mai Village, are finally able to move into government-built temporary housing after spending weeks in emergency shelters. The housing provides more privacy for the families in the village, comes with toilets and bathrooms installed for the men and women, and is fitted with electricity.
The governor of a province in Laos hit by flooding from a dam breach earlier this year has issued conflicting estimates of the projected cost to house displaced persons, giving figures deemed unnecessarily high by another official source and contradicting statements he himself had made earlier in an interview.
On July 23, water poured over a saddle dam at the Xe Pian Xe Namnoy hydropower project in Champassak in southern Laos, sweeping away homes and causing severe flooding in up to 12 villages downstream in Champassak and neighboring Attapeu province.
526 metric tons of food assistance distributed
US$ 0 six months (October-March) net funding requirements
163,783 people assisted in September 2018
WFP continues to support the government’s response to floods throughout the country.
Following the collapes of an under-construction dam in Southeastern Laos, Ms. Kanungnij Chantatin, Head of the Capacity Building and Disaster Preparedness Unit of the TRCS Relief Division, and Ms. Porntheera Chaleekort, Registered Nurse 6 of the Thai Red Cross Health Station No.7 in Ubon Ratchathani Province, were deployed as the Regional Disaster Response Team (RDRT) to Laos for relief and WASH support.
East Asia and the Pacific is the most disaster-stricken region in the world.
1 In 2016, disasters affected more than 86 million people in the region, compared with 40 million people in 2015.
2 In February 2018, Papua New Guinea was struck by a 7.5 magnitude earthquake which caused devastating landslides and widespread destruction. Some 270,000 people, including 125,000 children, are in need of immediate lifesaving assistance.
Member States of the International Atomic Energy Agency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
The Agency at a Glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
The Board of Governors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
The General Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Part of the Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy hydropower dam in Champasak and Attapeu Provinces, Southeastern Laos, the subsidiary dam under construction collapsed on 23 July 2018. The collapse resulted in flooding of several villages with 5,000 million cubic meters of water resulting in more than 20 people dead and leaving around 100 people missing and 6,600 people homeless.
10 metric tons of food assistance distributed
US$ 0 six months (September-February) net funding requirements
16,766 people assisted in August 2018
Tropical Storms caused heavy rains and flooding in 79 districts of 14 provinces across Lao PDR. According to the Government, over 80,000 families have been affected. In response, the UN Logistics Cluster, led by WFP, was activated and provided logistics support.
ATTAPEU, LAO PDR – U.S. Ambassador Rena Bitter visited U.S. government funded relief projects for people affected by recent flash floods and met with Provincial Governor Leth Xayaphone and local officials to discuss recovery efforts during her recent trip to Attapeu Province on September 10-11, 2018 as part of the United States’ ongoing support to the Government of Laos’ efforts to help local people affected by the disaster.
ATTAPEU, Lao PDR, 12 September 2018 - “I just remember water coming into my home and people shouting,” says Khao Yai, 12. “I don’t really remember much after that. We just had to go right away, we left everything.”
A dam breach in southern Lao PDR in July released over five billion cubic meters of water – two million Olympic swimming pools worth – immersing an estimated 55,000 hectares of land and covering it with mud and sludge.
Weeks after the collapse of a dam in south-east Laos, SOS Children’s Villages is helping children whose families were displaced by the disaster and heavy monsoon rains.
As one of the first organisations to respond following the 23 July collapse of the Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy dam, SOS Laos is providing food as well as recreational and educational activities at two child-care spaces in southern Attapeu Province.
The number of dead continues to climb as updated reports come in from remote areas of Laos hit by flooding and landslides in recent weeks, Lao sources say.
In Houaphanh province in eastern Laos, heavy rains last week poured down a mountain into a valley, flooding a small river and slamming into villages nearby, an official of the province’s Labor and Social Welfare Department told RFA’s Lao Service on Thursday.
Author Karen Villholth Principal researcher; also Coordinator of the global partnership GRIPP, Groundwater Solutions Initiative for Policy and Practice, International Water Management Institute
Widespread flooding in Laos in recent weeks has blocked the start of the school year in the Southeast Asian country, with as many as 1,000 schools left unable to open by the Sept. 3 beginning of the new term, Lao sources say.
Speaking to RFA’s Lao Service on Aug. 30, an official of the Ministry of Education and Sports said that most primary and secondary schools in the country will not open next week.
Flooding from heavy rainfall has killed at least six people in northern Laos’ Luang Prabang province since the weekend, an official from the provincial Labor and Social Welfare Department said Thursday, as the Southeast Asian is battered by seasonal monsoons.
“Six are dead — two in Nam Bak district, one in Luang Prabang city, one in Ngeun district, and one in Ngon district, plus one child from an unknown location,” said the official who declined to be named.