The Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN was established on 8 August 1967. The Member States of the Association are Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. ASEAN collectively has a population of over 600 million people with the third largest labour force in the world, and by 2050, ASEAN is expected to rank as the fourth-largest economy in the world. Yet, ASEAN is also the most natural disaster-prone region in the world.
Message from the APCC Executive Director
Typhoon Haiyan (Philippine name, ‘Yolanda’), made landfall in the Philippines on 8 November 2013. It is considered to be one of the strongest typhoons ever recorded in world history, based on maximum wind speed, with a wind gust reaching up to 320 km/hour at its peak.
Drought, earthquakes, floods, typhoons, volcanoes, and civil unrest, compounded by limited government response capacity in some countries, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
• AHA Centre Disaster Monitoring & Response System maintain the highest alert “WARNING” for Typhoon Tembin (Vinta), approximate current location at 8.3 N, 113.2 with maximum wind speeds 148 kph gusts of 185 kph).
• Philippines, Typhoon Tembin affected 268,792 persons (59,580 families) in 518 barangays of 21 provinces in 9 Regions MIMAROPA, VII, X, IX, X, XI,
XII, ARMM and CARAGA (DSWD).
• Considering various reports and sources, death toll due to Typhoon Tembin may reach around 180-200 people.
Philippines, TS Tembin (33, Vinta) will accelerate towards Palawan, with wind speed up to 120 kph (wind gust 148 kph) and bring 76.2-152.4 mm of rainfall within the next 36 hours).
• TS Tembin affected:
• Death toll stands at 133
• 26,580 families / 108,969 persons
• 389 barangays in 5 regions
• 17,023 families / 68,833 persons are currently residing in 227 evacuation centres in 5 regions
• Search, Rescue and retrieval efforts are currently underway in the affected areas of TS Vinta.
Summary of events
1) AHA Centre Disaster Monitoring & Response System (DMRS) maintains significant alert “WATCH” for Tropical Storm Tembin (33, current location: 8.6 N & 129.5) & “ADVISORY” for Tropical Depression Kai-tak (32, current location: 5.4 N & 107.8 E).
2) TS Tembin (33) may develop into Typhoon Category 1 on 24-Dec-17 00:01 UTC+7, wind speed 120 kph & wind gusts 148 kph, bringing up to 152.4-228.6 mm of rainfall & high waves in South China Sea.
- The Tropical Cyclone KAI-TAK (named URDUJA in the Philippines) continued moving southwestward, as a Tropical Depression, slighty weakening. On 22 December at 0.00 UTC its centre was located approx. 560 km north-east of Singapore and 620 km north-northeast of Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) with a maximum sustained wind speed of 46 km/h (Tropical Depression).
- Over the next 24 hours it is forecast to continue moving southwestward over the South China Sea toward West Malaysia, weakening and dissipating over the sea.
SUMMARY of TD Kai-Tak (PH, BN, MY, ID)
1) TD Kai-tak left significant damage in Philippines. As of 20-Dec-17, 298,396 families or 1,150,486 persons are affected in 1,766 barangays in Regions V, VI, VII, VIII,
MIMAROPA and CARAGA; 11,752 families are in 236 evacuation centers (DSWD).
2) TD Kai-tak is currently located at 6.8 N & 109.5 E & lowered to Tropical Depression.
3) AHA Centre DMRS lowered warning level to ADVISORY for Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia & Indonesia due to rainfall brought by TD Kai-tak
Tropical Cyclone KAI-TAK (named URDUJA in the Philippines) continued moving south-southwest as a Tropical Storm. On 20 December at 0.00 UTC, it was located 470 km north-west of Seria city (Brunei) and 690 km south-east of Vung Tau city (Vietnam).
Storm surges are expected off Sarawak, Sabah and Labuan FT according to MET Malaysia.
Brunei Darussalam Meteorological Department has issued a Flash Flood Warning for 4 districts resulting from heavy and thunder showers.
All sea recreational activities and sports are advised to cease due to the storm surges.
Wind gusts are expected to reach between 40km/h and 50km/h.
The first five years at a glance
Recurrent earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and volcanoes present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Some countries also face civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts, as well as limited government capacity to respond to disasters. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
There is agreement in the scientific community that the global food system will experience unprecedented pressure in the coming decades – demographic changes, urban growth, environmental degradation, increasing disaster risk, food price volatility, and climate change will all affect food security patterns.
By Alisa Tang
JAKARTA (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - After the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004 and Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar in 2008, international aid poured into Southeast Asia, but in both disasters the 10-nation regional body ASEAN was conspicuously absent, says disaster expert Arnel Capili.
"Those were very big events that really affected the national governments of member states. The question was, where is ASEAN?" Capili said of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
Tropical Storm Risk Zones
This map was derived from the Munich Reinsurance Company's World Map of Natural Hazards and shows tropical storm intensity based on the five wind speeds of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.