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31 Dec 2007 description

The concept of the "Right to Water" has emerged over the past few years, emphasizing a human-centered approach to meeting basic needs among vulnerable populations. The concept's scope gathered momentum in 2002 when the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) adopted General Comment No. 15, which, for the first time, recognized the right to Water as a fundamental human right.

31 Dec 2007 description
report ActionAid

This document provides guidelines and framework for conducting Rapid Foundational Analysis [RFA], which is linked directly to current responses and develops plans for new responses and consolidating current responses in accordance with findings from the analysis.
It is therefore a framework which integrates analysis and response programming into one single process.

SECTION ONE: ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT
SECTION TWO: ActionAid's CURRENT RESPONSE
SECTION THREE: PROPOSALS FOR EFFECTIVE PROGRAMMING

31 Dec 2007 description

In pursuing its goal to attain the implementation of "national commitments to advance gender equality and womens empowerment in stable and fragile states" (Strategic Plan 2008-2011), the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), has been working to increase the number of women in decision-making positions and building their capacities for effective engagement and influence. UNIFEM draws together womens organizations, governments, the United Nations and the private sector to build partnerships that foster womens roles in governance.

31 Dec 2007 description

Presentación La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación (FAO), como centro de conocimiento, tiene la responsabilidad institucional de sistematizar experiencias y comunicar aquellas lecciones que se han aprendido a partir de los diversos apoyos brindados al Gobierno de Guatemala y, en particular, al Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería y Alimentación (MAGA), en la construcción de estrategias rurales para la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional familiar.

31 Dec 2007 description

Multiple humanitarian actors with different objectives, principles and modi operandi intervene in situations of armed conflict and internal violence in order to alleviate the plight of the victims: governmental and non-governmental organisations, international organisations, National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and private companies, among others. The diversity of actors and approaches can help to alleviate suffering if they manage to act in a complementary fashion, on the basis of their respective operational abilities.

31 Dec 2007 description

This is the second edition of The Johns Hopkins and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Public Health Guide for Emergencies, a textbook that has been widely used in the classroom and the field. We are excited with the production of this second edition which captures both the experience of the Federation and the academic public health perceptions of Johns Hopkins University. We believe that the result of this partnership is an action book to help implementers built programs and activities on a solid footing.

31 Dec 2007 description

PRICE & PENANCE PAID FOR A PERILOUS JOURNEY

Mangalanath Liyanarachchi - Trincomalee

The border, which separates the North from the South at Vavuniya, is a decisive landmark of a merciless twenty five year old war. The people of the North have to stake their lives everyday to cross over an immense, body of water to reach Trincomalee, the only gate-way to the outside world.

The danger lies in crossing the dreaded sea tiger base under the escort of security provided by the Navy, who are targeted by the Tigers.

31 Dec 2007 description

Introduction

1. Since Colonialism in Africa, the State (Ethiopia) has struggled for the liberty of all Africa as reflected in its role in the establishment of the OAU, whose principal purpose was eradication of colonialism. However, the international actions of the State were not matched by similar moves for the domestic protection of human and peoples' rights. For the most part, individual and collective rights in Ethiopia were neglected. Human rights violations were almost the norm. That is now past.

31 Dec 2007 description

Executive Summary

In 2007, the hitherto conflict affected northern and north eastern regions of Uganda witnessed further improvements in the security situation and peace as a result of the signing of the land mark Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lords Resistance Army (LRA) in August 2006. This resulted in massive population movements with over 90% of the 466,103 IDPs population in Lango subregion returning to their original home lands.

31 Dec 2007 description

Executive Summary

Introduction

In Sudan, civil war has raged between north and south for decades. While the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ended hostilities, the human toll of the conflict remains evident. Overall, it is estimated that 2 million died, 6 million were displaced and untold millions lost assets, land and livelihoods. Economic and developmental repercussions have been far reaching. Existing infrastructure in the south has either been destroyed or suffered years of neglect.

31 Dec 2007 description

Executive Summary

Introduction

In Sudan, civil war has raged between north and south for decades. While the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ended hostilities, the human toll of the conflict remains evident. Overall, it is estimated that 2 million died, 6 million were displaced and untold millions lost assets, land and livelihoods. Economic and developmental repercussions have been far reaching. Existing infrastructure in the south has either been destroyed or suffered years of neglect.

31 Dec 2007 description

Executive Summary

Introduction

In Sudan, civil war has raged between north and south for decades. While the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ended hostilities, the human toll of the conflict remains evident. Overall, it is estimated that 2 million died, 6 million were displaced and untold millions lost assets, land and livelihoods. Economic and developmental repercussions have been far reaching. Existing infrastructure in the south has either been destroyed or suffered years of neglect.

31 Dec 2007 description

Greater Darfur

1.1 Situational analysis

1.1.1 Overview

Situated between the Sahelian and desert zones, Greater Darfur is comprised of 3 states and covers an area approximately 511,412 square kilometres. Northern Sudan is typically more arid, receiving less than 100 mm of rain, while South Darfur is part of the Sudanic zone and enjoys a much longer rainy season, receiving 500 to 900 mm of rain.

Culturally, Darfur is comprised of both sedentary (non arab) and nomadic (arab) agropastoralists.

31 Dec 2007 description

(excerpt)

Many people believe that simply providing a fresh, clean water supply will substantially reduce water-borne illnesses. What most people do not know is that safe hygiene practices and access to sanitation are crucial for combating the main health threats to children under five, in particular diarrhoea.

31 Dec 2007 description

Executive Summary

This protection assessment mission to Jordan is a joint effort of the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC) and the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Migration and Refugee Services (USCCB-MRS).

31 Dec 2007 description

Executive Summary:

Cyclone Sidr (Category IV) with wind speeds of up to 240 kilometres per hour hit Bangladesh on 15 November causing significant damage to life, housing, livelihoods and productive infrastructure. WFP has responded with an emergency operation and is providing assistance in 9 of the worst affected districts.

The objectives of this WFP and Partners Food Security Assessment are to characterize the initial impact of the cyclone on household food security and livelihoods.

31 Dec 2007 description

WHO/CDS/NTD/DCE/2007.1

INTRODUCTION

Recurrent drought following several poor rainy seasons has led to food insecurity and widespread malnutrition in the countries of the Horn of Africa region (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan). The public health and food security situation is poor. Poor nutrition, a rising number of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and increasing incidence of other infectious diseases all contribute to high levels of morbidity and mortality in the subregion.

31 Dec 2007 description

1 Introduction

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the specialized body within the United Nations organization (UN) with a specific mandate to address environmental concerns. In 1999, UNEP established the Balkans Task Force to study the environmental consequences of the conflict in Kosovo.

31 Dec 2007 description
report Government of Japan

1. Overview

(1) At the International Donors' Conference on the Reconstruction of Iraq held in Madrid on 24 October 2003, Japan announced its financial assistance package totaling up to $5 billion. The package comprises $1.5 billion of grant aid for immediate needs reconstruction of living standard of Iraqi people including power generation, education, water and sanitation, health and employment, as well as improvement of security and up to $3.5 billion, mainly in the form of Japanese ODA loans, in order to meet medium-term needs.