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31 Dec 2007 description

The concept of the "Right to Water" has emerged over the past few years, emphasizing a human-centered approach to meeting basic needs among vulnerable populations. The concept's scope gathered momentum in 2002 when the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) adopted General Comment No. 15, which, for the first time, recognized the right to Water as a fundamental human right.

31 Dec 2007 description
report ActionAid

This document provides guidelines and framework for conducting Rapid Foundational Analysis [RFA], which is linked directly to current responses and develops plans for new responses and consolidating current responses in accordance with findings from the analysis.
It is therefore a framework which integrates analysis and response programming into one single process.


31 Dec 2007 description

In pursuing its goal to attain the implementation of "national commitments to advance gender equality and womens empowerment in stable and fragile states" (Strategic Plan 2008-2011), the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), has been working to increase the number of women in decision-making positions and building their capacities for effective engagement and influence. UNIFEM draws together womens organizations, governments, the United Nations and the private sector to build partnerships that foster womens roles in governance.

31 Dec 2007 description

Presentación La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación (FAO), como centro de conocimiento, tiene la responsabilidad institucional de sistematizar experiencias y comunicar aquellas lecciones que se han aprendido a partir de los diversos apoyos brindados al Gobierno de Guatemala y, en particular, al Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería y Alimentación (MAGA), en la construcción de estrategias rurales para la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional familiar.

31 Dec 2007 description

Multiple humanitarian actors with different objectives, principles and modi operandi intervene in situations of armed conflict and internal violence in order to alleviate the plight of the victims: governmental and non-governmental organisations, international organisations, National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and private companies, among others. The diversity of actors and approaches can help to alleviate suffering if they manage to act in a complementary fashion, on the basis of their respective operational abilities.

31 Dec 2007 description

This is the second edition of The Johns Hopkins and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Public Health Guide for Emergencies, a textbook that has been widely used in the classroom and the field. We are excited with the production of this second edition which captures both the experience of the Federation and the academic public health perceptions of Johns Hopkins University. We believe that the result of this partnership is an action book to help implementers built programs and activities on a solid footing.

31 Dec 2007 description


Since June 2000, the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) has supported the Nutrition Surveillance component of the FSAU to provide comprehensive understanding of the impact of the food security situation on nutritional status of the population of the country. FSAU has been conducting nutrition assessments in Somalia for the last seven years. During this time consistently high levels of acute malnutrition and under 5 mortality rates (U5MR) have been reported in many parts of South and Central Somalia.

31 Dec 2007 description

Executive summary

In the wake of the June 2007 events and the tightened closure regime imposed on the Gaza Strip, WFP and Al Sahel carried out a survey on the humanitarian situation with a view to assessing the impact of the current crisis on the non refugee population. The analysis is based on two components: 1) a quantitative survey on a subset of 422 non-refugees households and 2) a qualitative study entailing focus groups interviews.

31 Dec 2007 description


The year 2007 ends in DRC with a series of successes in the road towards stabilization overshadowed by the remaining challenges that have dominated the year in the aftermath of the country's first democratic elections.

31 Dec 2007 description

IOM Land and Barge Return Operations Recommence to South Sudan in December

On 1 December, IOM restarted its land and barge return operations as part of the Joint Organized Return Plan operations for the 2007 return season. In December IOM completed four land and one barge movement returning a total of 199 Heads of Household comprising 745 individuals to Upper Nile, South Kordofan and Unity States.

31 Dec 2007 description

I. Operational Updates


Project and Financial Status:

As of December 31, a total of 24 project proposals have been submitted to the ERF since August 2007, with a total value of $4,614,157. Nine project proposals have been submitted by international NGOs and fifteen by Iraqi NGOs. Nine projects have been approved, while 12 projects are currently under consideration. Three projects have been rejected by the Technical Review Committee (TRC).

31 Dec 2007 description

1. Overview

The Protection of Civilians database contains information collated from the published OCHA Protection of Civilians - Weekly Briefing Notes. OCHA-oPt has compiled and published these weekly reports since May 2003. The reporting format underwent several revisions since this time and the current content and structure was introduced in March 2005.

31 Dec 2007 description

General Overview

FSAU and partners conducted five nutrition surveys(1) in South Central Somalia in the last two weeks of November 2007. Results indicate sustained Critical levels of acute malnutrition in most areas, without any significant change from previous surveys conducted in the same areas. Quality checks using Nutrisurvey indicated the findings of all surveys were of an appropriate standard to publish.

31 Dec 2007 description

Durante el mes de diciembre aumentó de nuevo la cifra de secuestros, a pesar de que el Gobierno declaró que la situación de seguridad había mejorado notablemente en el =FAltimo año. El Ejecutivo también anunció la creación del nuevo Consejo Electoral Provisional, cuya labor había generado mucha controversia en los =FAltimos años.

31 Dec 2007 description

Polio Vaccination in Southern Sudan Over 2.7 Million under five children were vaccinated against polio

Polio National Immunization Days

Following the confirmation of importation of wild polio virus to South Darfur in October (Date of onset of paralysis on September 9), Southern Sudan conducted 2 rounds of NIDs in Oct/Nov and December. The NIDs in October were staggered in two phases- the first phase was conducted from 29-31 October 2007 and the second from 5-7 November 2007. The December round was conducted from 5-7.

31 Dec 2007 description

Human Rights

Oil exploration in Colombia, the people speak out in the Permanent People=B4s Tribunal

The Permanent Peoples=B4 Tribunal (PPT) hearing on Oil Companies was held on 4-6 August 2007, with the participation of representatives of victims' organisations and international solidarity movements.

31 Dec 2007 description


Mangalanath Liyanarachchi - Trincomalee

The border, which separates the North from the South at Vavuniya, is a decisive landmark of a merciless twenty five year old war. The people of the North have to stake their lives everyday to cross over an immense, body of water to reach Trincomalee, the only gate-way to the outside world.

The danger lies in crossing the dreaded sea tiger base under the escort of security provided by the Navy, who are targeted by the Tigers.

31 Dec 2007 description


1. Since Colonialism in Africa, the State (Ethiopia) has struggled for the liberty of all Africa as reflected in its role in the establishment of the OAU, whose principal purpose was eradication of colonialism. However, the international actions of the State were not matched by similar moves for the domestic protection of human and peoples' rights. For the most part, individual and collective rights in Ethiopia were neglected. Human rights violations were almost the norm. That is now past.

31 Dec 2007 description




Focus on Ethiopia is produced by UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), in collaboration with other UN agencies and partner NGOs. Focus on Ethiopia provides a monthly overview of humanitarian trends and activities in Ethiopia, as well as focusing on particular issues of interest.