The Safe Water System Manual is designed to
take people through the necessary steps to initiate the planning process,
assemble a team, decide between various water treatment and storage options,
and devise strategies for distribution, cost recovery, promotion, behaviour
change, and monitoring and evaluation.
With the underlying assumption that gender equality
is an essential prerequisite for any sustainable development and peace-building
activity, this paper offers an analytical framework and guidelines on gender
mainstreaming in crisis prevention and conflict management. This is shown
both on a conceptual and practical level.
This document examines the effect of small arms
on development, and highlights the importance of combating the uncontrolled
spread and misuse of these weapons as a central development-policy concern.
For this purpose, the following issues are discussed:
- Problem of small arms in developing countries
- Initiatives for combating the spread and misuse of small arms
- Recommendations for combating the problem of small arms
This paper examines whether humanitarian assistance
in war zones can support efforts to promote conflict prevention and peace-building.
Its four main parts provide the following information:
- Overview of current debates on humanitarianism, conflict and peace-building
- Case studies of Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and Liberia
- Comprehensive analysis of key findings
- Main conclusions and recommendations in light of findings
In the war that broke out again between the government and the military wing of UNITA in December 1998, the government army gained the upper hand. Government troops are currently concentrating on tracking UNITA rebels moving from the central highland through the province of Moxico to the eastern state border.
HEALTH AND NUTRITION REPORT
GLOBAL PLAN JULY 1999-DEC 2000
This report has been produced at the request of the European Commission and has been financed by the European Commission. The comments contained herein reflect the opinion of the consultant only.
EVALUATION OF ECHO'S HUMANITARIAN AID IN FAVOUR OF THE TIMORESE POPULATION
Country of Operation: EAST TIMOR & WEST TIMOR
December marks the beginning of the very cold period in the DPRK. Winter preparations that have occupied the people since the end of the harvest are all but over. In the southern, more temperate, provinces Emergency Officers report that there is still some field activity. Mainly land development such as preparing seed beds for the winter maize plantings or road repair.
United States Agency for International Development
Bureau for Humanitarian Response
Office of Transition Initiatives
United States Agency for International
Bureau for Humanitarian Response
By Anna Taylor SCF-UK
Update on the current situation
The last edition of Field Exchange included an account of discussions on how food aid should be targeted in the siege town of Huambo situated in the Plan Alto region of Angola1. The article illustrated that 6 months of discussions took place before consensus could be reached that there were no advantages to targeting food aid as the entire population experienced a very similar degree of food insecurity.
This article is based on research conducted by Dr. Moazzem Hossain who was working as a Programme Manager in Health and Nutrition of Save the Children Fund UK at the time of the study. Elizabeth Stevens, Policy Officer at Save the Children UK, wrote the following article based on the research.
Bangladesh experienced the worst flood of the century between July - October 1998. Some 30 million persons were affected by the crisis.
During 1998 and early 1999 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian) forces increased their efforts to 'ethnically cleanse' Kosovo. They justified this on the basis that they were 'cleaning out' Kosovar Liberation Army (KLA) bases. In response, NATO forces launched air strikes against the Federal Yugoslavia Republic (FYR) in March 1999. The war between FYR and NATO forced displacement from Kosovo and precipitated a major humanitarian emergency involving the largest and fastest movement of people in Europe since World War II.
By Anna Shotton
Anna Shotton is the Reports Officer and Gender Focal Point on the WFP Southern Sudan Programme. In the past year, she has produced a range of materials on gender issues in food aid in southern Sudan that are available at the WFP offices in Nairobi. Anna wrote this article whilst taking part in WFP's Annual Needs Assessment exercise in southern Sudan this year.
By Nicola Cadge and Lynne Russell
Nicola Cadge has a background in nursing and a Masters Degree in Public Health.
At a glance
New documents available on the EHA website: