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31 Dec 2000 description

The Safe Water System Manual is designed to take people through the necessary steps to initiate the planning process, assemble a team, decide between various water treatment and storage options, and devise strategies for distribution, cost recovery, promotion, behaviour change, and monitoring and evaluation.

31 Dec 2000 description

This document examines the effect of small arms on development, and highlights the importance of combating the uncontrolled spread and misuse of these weapons as a central development-policy concern. For this purpose, the following issues are discussed:

- Problem of small arms in developing countries
- Initiatives for combating the spread and misuse of small arms
- Recommendations for combating the problem of small arms

31 Dec 2000 description
This report attempts to draw operational lessons from the inter-relationship of gender equality issues and conflict and peacebuilding.
31 Dec 2000 description
report International Alert

This paper examines whether humanitarian assistance in war zones can support efforts to promote conflict prevention and peace-building. Its four main parts provide the following information:

- Overview of current debates on humanitarianism, conflict and peace-building
- Case studies of Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and Liberia
- Comprehensive analysis of key findings
- Main conclusions and recommendations in light of findings

31 Dec 2000 description

With the underlying assumption that gender equality is an essential prerequisite for any sustainable development and peace-building activity, this paper offers an analytical framework and guidelines on gender mainstreaming in crisis prevention and conflict management. This is shown both on a conceptual and practical level.

31 Dec 2000 description

Proceedings of an Expert Group Meeting held 5-7 September, 2000, in Lisbon, Portugal

31 Dec 2000 description
report European Union

December 2000

This Report constitutes the response of the International Task Force for Assessing the Baia Mare Accident (the Baia Mare Task Force or 'BMTF') to the tasks given to us by Commissioner Margot Wallström, with the support of the Environment Ministers of Hungary and Romania, concerning the accidents which occurred at Baia Mare and Baia Borsa in Romania, in January and March 2000. These tasks were to consider:

31 Dec 2000 description
report Small Arms Survey
Occasional Paper No. 1

by Eric G. Berman A publication of the Small Arms Survey

The Small Arms Survey (SAS)

The Small Arms Survey (SAS) is an independent project associated with the Programme for Strategic and International Security Studies (PSIS) at the Graduate Institute of International Studies (GIIS) in Geneva, Switzerland.

Established in 1999, the SAS is supported by the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, and by contributions from the Governments of Belgium, Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

31 Dec 2000 description

Robert Soeters

This report has been produced at the request of the European Commission and has been financed by the European Commission. The comments contained herein reflect the opinion of the consultant only.



Country of Operation: EAST TIMOR & WEST TIMOR

31 Dec 2000 description

By Anna Taylor SCF-UK

Update on the current situation

The last edition of Field Exchange included an account of discussions on how food aid should be targeted in the siege town of Huambo situated in the Plan Alto region of Angola1. The article illustrated that 6 months of discussions took place before consensus could be reached that there were no advantages to targeting food aid as the entire population experienced a very similar degree of food insecurity.

31 Dec 2000 description

This article is based on research conducted by Dr. Moazzem Hossain who was working as a Programme Manager in Health and Nutrition of Save the Children Fund UK at the time of the study. Elizabeth Stevens, Policy Officer at Save the Children UK, wrote the following article based on the research.

Bangladesh experienced the worst flood of the century between July - October 1998. Some 30 million persons were affected by the crisis.

31 Dec 2000 description

During 1998 and early 1999 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian) forces increased their efforts to 'ethnically cleanse' Kosovo. They justified this on the basis that they were 'cleaning out' Kosovar Liberation Army (KLA) bases. In response, NATO forces launched air strikes against the Federal Yugoslavia Republic (FYR) in March 1999. The war between FYR and NATO forced displacement from Kosovo and precipitated a major humanitarian emergency involving the largest and fastest movement of people in Europe since World War II.

31 Dec 2000 description

By Anna Shotton

Anna Shotton is the Reports Officer and Gender Focal Point on the WFP Southern Sudan Programme. In the past year, she has produced a range of materials on gender issues in food aid in southern Sudan that are available at the WFP offices in Nairobi. Anna wrote this article whilst taking part in WFP's Annual Needs Assessment exercise in southern Sudan this year.

31 Dec 2000 description

By Nicola Cadge and Lynne Russell

Nicola Cadge has a background in nursing and a Masters Degree in Public Health.

31 Dec 2000 description
report Mail and Guardian

MORE than 150 000 Mozambicans - mostly peasant farmers - are facing devastating floods for the second time in 11 months following the opening of sluice gates on the Kariba Dam in neighbouring Zambia.

Mozambique is still recovering from massive floods in February and March, which killed 700, destroyed the homes or livelihoods of more than 10% of the country's 19 million people and did about $1bn in damage, according to World Bank figures.

The newly affected people, who live on the banks of the Zambezi river in three central Mozambican districts, also face the prospect of acute …

31 Dec 2000 description

Asmara, Eritrea - Aregash Kebede and Bereket Berhan are ready to go home. They are among the 300,000 Eritreans still living in camps months after fleeing the brutal border war between their country and Ethiopia. Both hope the arrival of United Nations peacekeepers will bring closer their dream of returning to a normal life.

31 Dec 2000 description

Addis Ababa - An additional 641 Ethiopian civilians were repatriated Saturday from Eritrea, bringing the total number returned home within a week under the auspices of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to 2,055.