The Safe Water System Manual is designed to
take people through the necessary steps to initiate the planning process,
assemble a team, decide between various water treatment and storage options,
and devise strategies for distribution, cost recovery, promotion, behaviour
change, and monitoring and evaluation.
This document examines the effect of small arms
on development, and highlights the importance of combating the uncontrolled
spread and misuse of these weapons as a central development-policy concern.
For this purpose, the following issues are discussed:
- Problem of small arms in developing countries
- Initiatives for combating the spread and misuse of small arms
- Recommendations for combating the problem of small arms
This paper examines whether humanitarian assistance
in war zones can support efforts to promote conflict prevention and peace-building.
Its four main parts provide the following information:
- Overview of current debates on humanitarianism, conflict and peace-building
- Case studies of Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and Liberia
- Comprehensive analysis of key findings
- Main conclusions and recommendations in light of findings
With the underlying assumption that gender equality
is an essential prerequisite for any sustainable development and peace-building
activity, this paper offers an analytical framework and guidelines on gender
mainstreaming in crisis prevention and conflict management. This is shown
both on a conceptual and practical level.
Proceedings of an Expert Group Meeting held 5-7 September, 2000, in Lisbon, Portugal
By Anna Taylor SCF-UK
Update on the current situation
The last edition of Field Exchange included an account of discussions on how food aid should be targeted in the siege town of Huambo situated in the Plan Alto region of Angola1. The article illustrated that 6 months of discussions took place before consensus could be reached that there were no advantages to targeting food aid as the entire population experienced a very similar degree of food insecurity.
This article is based on research conducted by Dr. Moazzem Hossain who was working as a Programme Manager in Health and Nutrition of Save the Children Fund UK at the time of the study. Elizabeth Stevens, Policy Officer at Save the Children UK, wrote the following article based on the research.
Bangladesh experienced the worst flood of the century between July - October 1998. Some 30 million persons were affected by the crisis.
During 1998 and early 1999 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian) forces increased their efforts to 'ethnically cleanse' Kosovo. They justified this on the basis that they were 'cleaning out' Kosovar Liberation Army (KLA) bases. In response, NATO forces launched air strikes against the Federal Yugoslavia Republic (FYR) in March 1999. The war between FYR and NATO forced displacement from Kosovo and precipitated a major humanitarian emergency involving the largest and fastest movement of people in Europe since World War II.
By Anna Shotton
Anna Shotton is the Reports Officer and Gender Focal Point on the WFP Southern Sudan Programme. In the past year, she has produced a range of materials on gender issues in food aid in southern Sudan that are available at the WFP offices in Nairobi. Anna wrote this article whilst taking part in WFP's Annual Needs Assessment exercise in southern Sudan this year.
By Nicola Cadge and Lynne Russell
Nicola Cadge has a background in nursing and a Masters Degree in Public Health.
MORE than 150 000 Mozambicans - mostly peasant farmers - are facing devastating floods for the second time in 11 months following the opening of sluice gates on the Kariba Dam in neighbouring Zambia.
Mozambique is still recovering from massive floods in February and March, which killed 700, destroyed the homes or livelihoods of more than 10% of the country's 19 million people and did about $1bn in damage, according to World Bank figures.
The newly affected people, who live on the banks of the Zambezi river in three central Mozambican districts, also face the prospect of acute …
Asmara, Eritrea - Aregash Kebede and Bereket Berhan are ready to go home. They are among the 300,000 Eritreans still living in camps months after fleeing the brutal border war between their country and Ethiopia. Both hope the arrival of United Nations peacekeepers will bring closer their dream of returning to a normal life.
Addis Ababa - An additional 641 Ethiopian civilians were repatriated Saturday from Eritrea, bringing the total number returned home within a week under the auspices of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to 2,055.
Brazzaville, Congo - 11 des 14 villes du Niari dans le sud du Congo et fief de l'ancien président déchu Pascal Lissouba, échappent au contrôle des troupes gouvernementales, a annoncé dimanche à Brazzaville, un journaliste de la radio officielle, Raph Lomat Ekémi, qui vient de séjourner dans la région.
Brazzaville, Congo - Le président Denis Sassou Nguesso du Congo a annoncé dimanche, dans son discours de fin d'année, que "le dialogue national s'ouvrira bientôt sous l'égide du gouvernement congolais et du médiateur international, le président gabonais Omar Bongo".
United States Agency for International
Bureau for Humanitarian Response
United States Agency for International Development
Bureau for Humanitarian Response
Office of Transition Initiatives
Kosovo Transition Initiative
Prishtina, Kosovo (871-761) 363-620 (381-38) 590-173
Extrait de la Newsletter de la DDC =B7 décembre 2000
La DDC alloue près d'un million de francs d'aide d'urgence aux victimes des graves inondations qui affectent l'Asie.
SBS. Des inondations comme celles qui ont frappé l'Ouest du Bangladesh en septembre et octobre ne s'étaient pas vues depuis 62 ans.