Over the past two years, EU humanitarian support has been instrumental to the World Food Programme’s (WFP) work in Djibouti. Every month, WFP ensures 18 500 refugees are given assistance in the form of food and cash. WFP’s Miguel Tomas meets Kalsouma who has been living as a refugee in Djibouti since more than 25 years.
By Miguel Tomas, Strategic Planning Consultant, WFP Djibouti
À LA UNE
INVESTIR POUR LES ENFANTS : UN IMPÉRATIF MORAL ET UNE NÉCESSITÉ ÉCONOMIQUE • GEERT CAPPELAERE
Overall, the 2017 rainy seasons in Djibouti performed well, supporting pasture regeneration, increasing water availability and leading to near-average vegetation conditions. While the ongoing October-to-February rains are slightly below average to date, most households are experiencing improved food access due to a seasonal increase in access to milk and other livestock products, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).
As at end December 2017, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) required US$24.7 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 105.1 million crisis-affected people in 38 countries. Together the appeals were funded at $13.8 billion, or 54% of requirements. Funding for the appeals in 2017 fell 46% short of requirements, with $10.9 billion outstanding.
Operating environment was marked with small-scale attacks, political tensions between the State of Puntland and ‘Somaliland’ and forced evictions.
Drought, insecurity and conflicts, remain key drivers of displacement and lack of comprehensive land tenure framework remains one of the key drivers for forced evictions.
According to monitoring agencies drought will continue in 2018 and can lead to further increased vulnerability of persons of concern.
A whole-of-society approach – a new improved way of UNHCR response
FACTS & FIGURES
3.3 million people are experiencing crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity
1.2 million acutely malnourished children expected in 2018
1 in 7 children dies before age 5
2.1 million internally displaced
Over 870 000 Somali refugees in neighbouring countries (sources: FEWS NET, FSNAU, UNHCR, UNICEF)
EU humanitarian funding: €119 million in 2017
Main achievements during the month of December
Number of returnees1 1,596 Somalis returned to Somalia
Core relief items 510 CRI kits to 314 returnee households (1,055 persons)
Reinstallation grants 1,267 refugee returnees provided with reinstallation grants
Shelters 50 shelters and 33 latrines constructed
Community-based projects 1,976 beneficiaries of community-based projects
Updates on achievements
UNCHR will continue investing in housing, education and livelihoods
Aden – During the final days of 2017, IOM, the UN Migration Agency succeeded in completing two movements of stranded Somalis and Ethiopians out of Yemen, despite immense security challenges and difficult sea conditions. Two boats were deployed, one headed to Aden to evacuate Somali refugees, while the other went to Hudaydah to evacuate Ethiopians, who were considered especially vulnerable due to the dangers of rising violence near that port city.
The Logistics Cluster coordinates and facilitates a weekly passenger movement between Djibouti and Aden on the WFP-chartered vessel, VOS Apollo, which is also used for emergency rescue and evacuation purposes. Standard Operating Procedures are available at: http://www.logcluster.org/document/standard-operating-procedures-sops-passengers-sea-transport-september-2017.
In September 2016, the UN General Assembly adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants. UN Member States committed to strengthening and enhancing mechanisms to protect refugees and migrants and to move towards a more effective system of responsibility sharing in the international refugee response. States committed to working towards the adoption of a Global Compact on Refugees in 2018, to consist of a Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and a Programme of Action for implementation.
by Maelle Peltier
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat (RMMS) summary for November 2017 covering mixed migration events, trends and data for Djibouti, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Somalia/Somaliland and Yemen.
In 2017, Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs) in the MENA region requested US$7.4 billion. The total amount received to date is $4.6 billion (62%), which leaves a shortfall of $2.8 billion (38%).
The Syria Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) requested US$5.58 billion. The total amount received to date is $2.96 billion (53%), which leaves a shortfall of $2.62 billion (47%).
Somalia continues to face political instability, humanitarian crisis and clan conflicts.
Due to ongoing conflicts, drought and food insecurity more than one million people have been newly displaced in 2017.
Monitoring agencies expecting that humanitarian situation will continue to deteriorate.
POPULATION OF CONCERN 1.69 M
FUNDING (AS OF 28 NOVEMBER) USD 118.7 M
2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview
Updates on Achievements
UNHCR together with government counterparts and partners continued providing assistance to Somali refugees who decided to voluntarily return home. To ensure sustainable reintegration of Somali refugee returnees, UNHCR provides the enhanced return package2 . Detailed achievements throughout November are presented below per sector.
Protection and Return Support