The situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is one of the world’s most complex and challenging yet forgotten crises. As of 31 May, over 772,000 Congolese refugees are being hosted in countries in Africa.
From 1 January to 31 May alone, some 104,351 Congolese fled to neighboring countries, with a particularly significant increase in refugee flows to Uganda, Burundi and Zambia.
• Suite au lancement du HRP 2018 en mars 2018, peu de contributions ont été reçues à ce jour et la communauté humanitaire fonctionnant en réponse à la crise du Pool est confrontée à un déficit de ressources. Les opérations d'assistance ont été considérablement réduites malgré les besoins croissants et plus diversifiés des populations touchées par le conflit.
Following the launch of the HRP 2018 in March 2018, few contributions have been received to date and the humanitarian community operating in response to the Pool crisis is facing a critical resource shortfall. Assistance operations have been significantly scaled-down despite the increasing and more diversified needs of conflictaffected populations.
“Life has to be rebuilt”
Freelance journalist and IRIN contributor
The jungle has edged into fields left untilled. It has crept onto thatched-roof houses turned to ruins; and it has stretched over empty highways once used to transport bananas, beans, cassava from a region long-known as Congo-Brazzaville’s breadbasket.
Read more on IRIN.
Ce mardi 19 juin 2018, veille de la Journée mondiale du réfugié, commémorée chaque année le 20 juin, des réfugiés urbains de Kinshasa organisent une exposition-vente de leurs produits artisanaux et de spécialités culinaires de leurs pays d’origine.
Overall, across southern Africa, regional food staple prices continued to remain below their respective 2017 levels and 5 year averages (5YA). In Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zambia, maize prices were 20—27 percent below the 5YA.
As harvesting is underway, maize prices across the region are expected to follow a downward trend as households begin consuming from their own production. However, given that many countries are reporting lower production estimates compared to last year, this trend may be short-lived.
On the 12th of June, an executive briefing on the Ebola response was organized with the participation of the UNICEF Executive Director, Deputy Executive Directors, WCAR Regional Director, Division Directors at NYHQ, WCARO and the DRC Country Office.
Comprehensive Level 3 (L3) registration launched in Ethiopia in 06 July 2017 starting from Addis Ababa. L3 registration was intensively implemented in Addis Ababa during November 2017.
Despite its status as a lower middle-income country, RoC ranks poorly on the Human Development Index. Food production is below national requirements, with only 2 percent of arable land currently under cultivation. RoC produces 30 percent of the country’s food needs and thus imports almost all of its food, leading to high food prices. Forty-eight percent of Congolese live on less than USD 1.25 per day.
Following the notification of an Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Equateur Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 5 May 2018, WHO conducted a formal rapid risk assessment which determined that the public risk is high at the regional level.
• On 6 June 2018, a high-level visit including the Minister of Health, WHO Deputy Director-General, WHO Representative and UNICEF Representative took place to assess the response in the affected health zones.
• As of 6 June 2018, 1,579 people have been vaccinated in the three affected health zones of Wangata, Bikoro and Iboko of Equateur province.
• A guideline on food support linked to psychosocial care to households affected by EVD was finalized jointly with partners.
Les problèmes liés au pâturage et les répercussions du conflit sur le commerce de bétail contribuent à faire augmenter les souffrances liées à la faim chez les éleveurs ouest-africains
• Violence in Bangui results in more than 60 deaths and hundreds of injuries
• UN records 63 aid worker attacks in CAR since January
• The 2018 CAR humanitarian appeal was only 16 percent funded as of June 1
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Since May 3, more than 50 suspected, probable and confirmed cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) have been reported in DRC’s Equateur province. The Central African Republic shares a nearly 1,300 km long border with DRC along the Ubangi river. In an emergency response meeting the 15 May, the Central African authorities and health sector partners identified a high risk of importation of the epidemic, due to:
IOM’S RESPONSE FOCUS
Population Mobility Mapping (PMM) at border-crossings and in the affected province
Points of Entry (POE) surveillance (health screening)
Infection Prevention and Control measures (hygiene promotion) at POE
Risk communication at POE
Cross-border coordination between DRC, Central African Republic (CAR) and Republic of the Congo (ROC)
1 New event
57 Ongoing events
10 Humanitarian crises
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 58 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
- Undiagnosed disease in Uganda
- Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Monkeypox in Cameroon
- Lassa fever in Nigeria
Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia.
Global Overview MAY 2018
Armed insurgencies, social cleavages and governance deficits relating to authoritarian rule and abuse of state resources all imperil peace and stability in Southern Africa. The Southern African Development Community’s institutional framework for regional peace and security is proving ineffective because its leaders are unwilling to enforce democratic principles.
Michael Aeby, Researcher, Graduate Institute Geneva