Spotlight on Progress
In 2018, the crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) drastically worsened, spreading to previously unaffected areas and impacting the Great Lakes region. The ongoing conflicts across much of eastern and central DRC continue to cause significant displacement, damage to property and tragic loss of human life.
Women and girls continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV, TB and malaria. Gender inequality, discrimination, violence, limited access to education and a lack of tailored services inhibit women’s and girls’ access to health care and fuel new infections.
Les femmes et les jeunes filles continuent d’être touchées de manière disproportionnée par le VIH, la tuberculose et le paludisme. Les inégalités de genre, la discrimination, la violence, un accès restreint à l’éducation et l’absence de services adaptés entravent l’accès des femmes et des filles aux soins de santé et alimentent de nouvelles infections.
This overview document presents 331 safety, security and access incidents affecting aid delivery in 12 countries in Southern Africa between January 2017 and March 2018. The report is based on incidents identified in open sources and reported by Aid in Danger partner agencies using the Security in Numbers Database (SiND). The focus is on countries where possible changing or emerging risks can be identified. The total number of reported incidents below reflects the willingness of agencies to share information. It is neither a complete count nor representative.
The American people’s compassion and generosity have saved more than 16 million lives and brought us closer than ever to controlling the HIV/AIDS pandemic – community by community, country by country.
Eastern and Southern Africa is home to more than 60 per cent of children and adolescents living with HIV. This is the region where most progress in the HIV response has been made. Coverage of maternal antiretroviral treatment for pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV reached 93 per cent in this region in 2017. Sustaining these gains and continuing to reach children, adolescents and women at risk and living with HIV is critical. In 2017, an estimated 120,000 adolescents aged 10–19 years and 94,000 children aged 0–9 years were newly infected with HIV.
9.6 million people were severely food-insecure in Southern Africa at the start of the lean season (October 2018- April 2019)
Three districts in Zimbabwe and two in Madagascar are facing Emergency food insecurity (IPC phase 4) due to extreme loss of livelihoods
There is at least an 80 per cent chance of an El Niño phenomenon between October and December 2018, which could exacerbate the deteriorating situation.
The Climate Prediction Centre is predicting El Niño climatic conditions during the main 2018-19 growing season with 70-75% probability while IRI has increased the probability to more than 85%. Furthermore, the forecasts suggest a likelihood of a weak to moderate El Niño event. Historically El Niño climatic conditions have resulted in reduced rainfall across the southern part of Southern Africa.
Most parts of the region are experiencing a slow start to the rainfall season, with below average early rainfall received early in the season
Short term forecasts suggest that the slow onset of rains will continue until at least late November, potentially delaying planting of summer season crops in several areas
Seasonal forecasts suggest high chances for normal to below normal rains in many areas this year, with implications for crop production potential
key highlights on the progress of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention
Nearly 18.6 million cumulative male circumcisions for HIV prevention were performed between 2008 and 2017 in the 14 priority countries of East and Southern Africa (Fig. 1).
WHO and UNAIDS based their 2007 recommendation for male circumcision as an additional HIV prevention intervention on consistent and compelling evidence from African studies. But in 2007 the actual acceptability of circumcision and feasibility of scaling up were unknown.
This overview document presents 277 security incidents affecting aid delivery in 12 countries in Southern Africa between January 2017 and March 2018. The report is based on incidents identified in open sources and reported by Aid in Danger partner agencies using the Security in Numbers Database (SiND).
More than 400,000 people across the region have been affected by floods and cyclones in 2018.
There is a 65-70 per cent probability of an El Niño event between December and February, as compared with a 90 per cent probability ahead of the same period in 2015 - 2016.
People in two districts in Madagascar and three in Zimbabwe are facing Emergency food insecurity.
In a high-security building in Kampala, Uganda, a man leads a group of sleuths investigating a potential killer. While they may go about their work with the meticulousness of police detectives, they are actually a different type of investigator. Professor Moses Joloba, Director of Uganda's Supranational Reference Laboratory, leads his team to pursue TB – the world’s leading killer among infectious diseases. The disease killed more than 1.6 million people around the world in 2017.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food supply and price trends in countries at risk of food insecurity. The Regional Supply and Market Outlook report provides a summary of regional staple food availability, surpluses and deficits during the current marketing year, projected price behavior, implications for local and regional commodity procurement, and essential market monitoring indicators.