On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.
2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
SYNOPSIS OF HURRICANE MARIA
Maria, the 13th named hurricane of the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season, became a category 5 hurricane near the Leeward Islands on Monday September 18 th, 2017. Hurricane Maria impacted Dominica at approximately 9:35pm on September 18 th as an extremely strong hurricane with wind speeds of 155 mph. Maria then impacted Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat and St. Kitts and Nevis on September 19th, 2017 and the Virgin Islands September 19 – 20, 2017.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
• Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2016, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
The Vice President, Mr Mokgweetsi Masisi on Tuesday donated food hampers, clothes and blankets to three families who were affected by floods in Moshupa.
Some parts of Moshupa experienced heavy rains which damaged houses, bridges and brought misery to some families.
Giving the food hampers and clothes, Mr Masisi said the items were donated by some business people after seeking help from them.
He implored other Batswana to extend a helping hand to the flood victims, adding that a thorough assessment would be made to determine what could be replaced.
Cyclical drought, food insecurity, cyclones, floods, disease outbreaks, and complex emergencies present significant challenges to vulnerable populations throughout the Southern Africa region. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and manmade disasters.
Two people have died and about 250 were left homeless after a storm hit Bobonong on November 19. In an interview, Bobonong police station commander, Superintendent Paul Seoko, said a seven-year old child died when a wall collapsed on him while a 69-year-old woman died due to a shock. Supt Seoko said the storm started just after midnight but worsened after 1am when winds became stronger and aggressive.
Abnormal rainfall patterns during 2014/2015 have contributed to a spike in food insecurity, which is currently affecting at least 27.4 m people regionally (and this excludes Angola, which has yet to publish official figures; and Madagascar, which did not present to SADC, but where 1.9 m people are food insecure, of which 460,000 people are severely so). In Malawi and Zimbabwe, 2.8 m and 1.5 m people are food insecure respectively.
The IASC Alert, Early Warning and Readiness report is produced bi-annually as an inter-agency effort by the Task Team on Preparedness and Resilience (TTPR) for IASC member agencies. The report highlights serious risks that were either identified as being of particular strategic operational concern or as having a high probability and impact on humanitarian needs. In addition to collaboratively assembling the report, the report includes an analysis of the state of readiness, prepared by OCHA, which is compared against each risk.
A new low pressure system has formed in the Mozambique Channel. It is currently forecasted to strengthen to a moderate to strong tropical storm over the next two days as it moves in a southerly direction, coming within 150 km of the south-west coast of Madagascar. It is not expected to make landfall, but could bring heavy rains. A main concern is the Fiherenena dyke protecting Toliara City, which was not fully repaired after it was damaged by Tropical Cyclone Haruna in 2013 (which killed 26 people and displaced 20,000).
Several villages under Palapye Administration Authority have experienced damages after heavy rains hit the areas recently.
Assistant District Commissioner for Palapye, Ms Veronica Rabakane, informed disaster committee meeting on Thursday November 6 that an administration block comprising staff room, storeroom and school head’s office was struck by lightning and burnt down. She said no casualties were reported.
Angola - IOM Angola this week organized a three-day workshop on Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) for 25 disaster management officials from Angola’s Civil Protection Service and Ministry of Social Assistance.
The aim of the workshop was to explore how to address the displacement of people by natural disasters; the roles and responsibilities in managing a camp; the protection of the most vulnerable; the participation of communities; and recovery strategies and solutions for displaced people, in line with international CCCM standards.
An estimated 383,261 people were affected by floods or storms and at least 117 people lost their lives during the 2013/2014 rainfall season.
Tropical Cyclone Hellen, which impacted Mozambique, Comoros and Madagascar in late March, was one of the most powerful cyclones ever recorded in the Mozambique Channel.
In Zimbabwe, the more than 15,625 people evacuated remain in dire living conditions.
Syria: Fierce fighting between opposition groups has led to further displacement in Deir-ez-Zor while a truce between the Government and the opposition is expected to see the Old City of Homs handed over to the Government after its recent campaign to retake it.
This report covers the period 1 January – 31 December 2013
During the first half of 2013, the focus has been on enhancing both the leadership and operational aspects of National Societies in the region. In 2013, southern Africa still presented with its unique humanitarian challenges. Hundreds of thousands of its most vulnerable communities continued to have their lives and livelihoods destroyed by annual floods and droughts.
Syria: The security situation had deteriorated with escalating violence in the West of the country resulting in population displacement and hampering the delivery of humanitarian assistance. Large numbers of newly displaced are heading to the calmer regions of Idleb governorate, which hosts over 500,000 IDPs. In the East, Iraqi helicopters hit an opposition convoy in the first strike claimed by Iraq inside Syria since the conflict began.
Snapshot 16–23 April
Central African Republic: Renewed clashes between anti-balaka and Seleka fighters occurred in several locations in central, northern, and southwestern provinces. MISCA soldiers are being redeployed to cover areas previously secured by the Chadian contingent. A Christian religious leader was killed and four were abducted in two northern towns, while 30 Christian civilians were reportedly killed in a central town.
Syria: Violence is intensifying in Damascus, with increased attacks from both the Government and the opposition. In Aleppo, fighting between Syrian troops and opposition fighters is causing further casualties. In the east, infighting between rival opposition factions has led to a reinforcement of Iraqi troops’ positions on the Iraqi side of the border. To date, over nine million people are in need of assistance, and more than 2.6 million have fled the country. In early April, humanitarian assistance was allowed in besieged areas in Aleppo for the first time since June.
Syria: Violence continues in and around Damascus, with government shelling and retaliation attacks from opposition fighters. Armed confrontations are also reported in the northwest, near the Syria–Turkey border, including in Lattakia where heavy fighting has continued for two weeks. To date, over nine million people are in need of assistance, and more than 2.6 million have fled the country. In late March, successful negotiations allowed food distribution to four million people. This was the first dispatch to all provinces for six months.