New book helps region understand what might be in store and what to do about it
September 3, 2013, Maseru, Lesotho—The southern region of Africa could be the hardest hit by rising temperatures from climate change, leaving many to wonder what this means for agriculture. Will some areas become unsuitable for farming? Will farmers face lower yields, or turn to new crops? Will climate change threaten food security? These are challenging questions for policymakers, who must plan for the future without available information and analysis.
This summary note is an excerpt from the chapter on Botswana that will appear in the peer-reviewed IFPRI monograph, Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis.
The research, produced in collaboration with scientists from the countries studied, is based on scenarios from economic global climate change models, and takes into account estimates of each country’s economic and population growth. Each study includes a set of policy recommendations.
The fight against hunger and undernutrition has been a long-standing component of development efforts. Strategies to improve food security and nutrition are not only worth pursuing for their own sake, but are also key elements of poverty reduction. In spite of this, progress in combating hunger and malnutrition has been lagging for decades. Best practices to combat hunger and undernutrition have been available for a long while, but a lack of political will among leaders and a lack of political power among the poor have hampered their implementation.
This paper provides a review of the literature on migration, HIV/AIDS and urban food security, and attempts to draw the links between these three powerful dynamics which are at play in Southern and Eastern Africa. The aim of the paper is to stimulate discussion and provide a platform for developing an action research agenda to inform policy and programming within these three inter-connected sectors.