Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 103,347 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 14 November. Spain topped 50,440 – more irregular arrivals to Spain through 45 weeks of 2018 than all arrivals during the past three years combined.
This marks the fifth straight year arrivals of irregular migrants and refugees have topped the 100,000 mark, although this year’s totals are low compared to those at this time in 2017 (156,708) and 2016 (343,158).
Culture – the “X Factor” for Building Back Better after Conflict and Disasters
- As the world continues to urbanize rapidly, cities are increasingly bearing the brunt of conflicts, crises, and disasters, which have a devastating effect on culture.
- A new World Bank-UNESCO Position Paper, Culture in City Reconstruction and Recovery (CURE), proposes an enhanced culture-based framework for city reconstruction and recovery.
With an impressive development progress over the past two decades, the countries of the Europe and Central Asia region (ECA) are primed for significant economic and social growth. Climate change, however, threatens to undermine decades of development gains and put at risk efforts to eradicate poverty. Tackling climate change must be central to efforts to reduce poverty and sustain development.
Another tragic accident illustrated the dangers of the current situation of mixed movements of people: On 11 November the police near Loznica found a body of a man suspected to have drowned in the Drina River. While the investigation is ongoing, local media reported that some ten days ago, when a group of refugees/migrants tried to cross the river into Bosnia, two young men from Iran disappeared. It is suspected that the body now found may belong to one of them.
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
Sarajevo – With elevated numbers of migrants and refugees entering Bosnia and Herzegovina since 2017, the European Union has just allocated more than EUR 7.2 million in grants to support the work of the UN Migration Agency, IOM, in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The funds were provided through an Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance special measure. Resultant projects will be implemented by IOM in partnership with the UN Refugee Agency and UNICEF to help further strengthen the country's migration management, asylum, border control and surveillance capacities.
To date, over 20 496 detected refugees, asylum seekers and migrants have arrived in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) since the beginning of the year. Due to mobility and high turnover, it is estimated that the 6 000 people that are still in-country, are in need of humanitarian assistance.
The latest edition of Crisis Group's monthly conflict tracker highlights dangers of escalating conflict in Sri Lanka and Yemen. CrisisWatch also notes improved situations in China/Japan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan).
6 NOVEMBER 2018
8392ND MEETING (AM)
Urging the parties in Bosnia and Herzegovina to speedily form a new Government following recent elections, the Security Council today renewed its authorization of the European-led multinational stabilization force (EUFOR Althea) for one further year, amid a briefing and debate on the situation in the country.
As situations of forced displacement become more protracted, understanding how it affects social relations has become pertinent for host governments and other development actors.
A newly published study, Social Cohesion and Forced Displacement, reviews existing academic literature and practice to better understand how to target and design policy and operations for displaced persons in ways that do not exaggerate social tensions.
Executive summary Background and purpose
Several people were injured during an incident at the Croatian-Bosnian land border of Maljevac last week, after a group of more than 200 refugees and migrants, including women and children, blocked the main road, hoping to be allowed entry into Croatia.
Thousands are stranded on the border with Croatia with no proper shelter as the cold nights draw in and local patience wears thin.
Shouting "Open borders!", several dozen migrants and asylum seekers broke through a police cordon last week at the Maljevac border checkpoint in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina and tried to cross into Croatia.
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After successful completion of the Disaster Risk Analysis System (DRAS) testing phase in Doboj and Tuzla, the DRAS will soon be available in five additional Local Self-Government Units thanks to the support of the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation within the „Interlinking Disaster Risk Management in Bosnia and Herzegovina” (IDRM) Project implemented by UNDP.
China takes on the Council presidency in November. It will hold two open debates: on the UN’s role in strengthening multilateralism, and on enhancing African capacities in peace and security. UN Secretary-General António Guterres is expected to brief at both meetings, while AU Commissioner for Peace and Security Smaïl Chergui is a possible briefer for the debate on African capacities.
- By September 2018, some 89,000 refugees and migrants, almost a quarter of whom children, arrived in Europe through the Mediterranean migration routes. Most children arrived in Greece and Spain.
- Between January and September 2018, nearly 16,700 children benefitted from UNICEF specialized child protection support in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Germany. With the start of the school year, 13,810 children were also reached with UNICEF-supported formal and non-formal education activities.
This overview document presents 114 security incidents affecting aid delivery in 16 countries in Europe between January 2017 and March 2018. The report is based on incidents identified in open sources and reported by Aid in Danger partner agencies using the Security in Numbers Database (SiND).
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 91,093 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 17 October, with 42,494 to Spain, the leading destination this year. In fact, since late September’s arrivals were reported, Spain in 2018 has now received via the Mediterranean more irregular migrants than it did throughout all the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 combined.
The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 145,193 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 320,033 at this point in 2016.
Sarajevo-Geneva – Bosnia-Herzegovina, a party to the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (also known as Ottawa Convention), is undertaking a national exercise with relevant stakeholders after determining that it will not be able to meet its 1 March 2019 mine clearance deadline. With financial support of the European Union and technical support of the Convention’s Implementation Support Unit, BiH will hold a National Stakeholder Dialogue in Sarajevo, 18-19 October with the participation of over 60 national and international partners.
More than 200 families will receive support in the areas of agriculture production, employment and self-employment as part of the project to support communities affected by 2014 floods.
Bego Suljić has been unemployed for 14 years. “Life is a struggle” says Bego standing in front of his house, while his children are inside, getting ready for school classes. His six-member family survives from agriculture. “I plant fruits and vegetables. I also have a cow” Bego explains and adds “Cow rules. She earned me my first money”.