Fourth Committee Seventy-third Session, 25th Meeting (AM)
Commissioner-General Defends Humanitarian Nature of Agency’s Work, Reinforces Palestinian Descendants’ Right to Refugee Status
Our humanitarian colleagues are concerned by reports of ongoing hostilities and airstrikes in Syria’s south-eastern Deir Ezzour governorate, which have resulted in civilian deaths and injury.
Yesterday, four internally displaced people were reportedly killed in an airstrike on Hajin city. The attack follows reports of intensified airstrikes on residential areas in Hajin, in which at least 10 civilians were killed last Thursday.
Lebanon remains the country which hosts the largest number of refugees relative to its national population. In a country of just four million people, one in five people is a Syrian refugee, one in four people if you take into account the long standing Palestinian refugee population. The perception of Syrian refugees by the Lebanese population is influenced to a large extent by the country’s history. Many Palestinians fled to Lebanon during the 1948 war and settled down in different parts of the country.
A significant increase in aerial bombardments and shelling on southern and south-west Idleb and northern Hama governorates contributed to large displacement waves during the first half of the month until 12 September.
As a result, key informants (KIs) in Idleb and surrounding areas reported 82,222 IDP departures, more than half of which were from assessed communities in Madiq Castle (35,078) and Ziyara (12,199) sub-districts.
General developments & political & security situation
The security situation across the country remains volatile and unstable, while the main hot spots remain As-Sweida, Deir Ezzor, Hama, Aleppo and Idlib governorates.
• In northwest Syria, the military situation remains volatile and unpredictable with focus on the Demilitarized Zone agreement. Sporadic hostilities in Hama and rural Aleppo were reported during the week. The humanitarian crossing point between NSAG-GoS at Abu Thuhour in Idleb has been closed since 1 November.
Reporting period: 01.10.2018 to 31.10.2018
11.3 MILLION in need of health assistance (2018 HRP)
6.1 MILLION internally displaced
2.9 MILLION with disabilities
1.16 MILLION in HTR locations
4.3 MILLION women of reproductive age
Health supply chain is irregular in many underserved areas of the country.
Assessments and their findings are essential for decision-making: the findings should be properly shared with the authorities and other key stakeholders.
According to UNHCR, 5,606,895 have now fled Syria to surrounding countries in the region. 1.4 million of them fled in 2014 alone with an average of more than 3.935 people per day. In 2015 more than 617,188 Syrians fled the country, an average of more than 1,714 per day. In 2017 more than 623,374 Syrians fled the country, an average of more than 1,731 per day. Children now make up 45% of the refugee population, meaning there are an estimated 2,523,103 refugee children in the region.
COOPI’s worldwide operations increased once again in 2017. It means also that the number of humanitarian crises we have tried to respond to as effectively as ever has increased. We have decided not to limit ourselves to intervening when there is an emergency, only to then move on elsewhere; instead, we remain alongside the communities hit by those emergencies in the medium-to-long-term, so as to help them overcome their critical issues and launch a reconstruction process.
Turkey Resilience Project in response to the Syria Crisis (TRP), financed by EU and implemented by UNDP, was officially launched in Ankara with a high-level event. The €50m-budget project aims to deliver comprehensive and sustainable solutions to the problems of Syrians displaced due to the Syrian crisis and now living in Turkey and of the host communities. Focusing on job creation, strengthening municipal services and Turkish language training, the Project is financed by the EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis (EUTF).
Damascus, 11 November 2018
During the period from 3 to 8 November, the United Nations and the Syrian Arab Red Crescent conducted a life-saving assistance mission for 50,000 people in Rukban, in the Tanf border area of Syria and Jordan. The six-day mission delivered food, medical supplies and household material; assessed the humanitarian needs; monitored part of the distribution of the humanitarian supplies and vaccinated over 5,000 children.
On the centenary of Armistice Day, Christian Aid has warned that appalling levels of violence across the globe continue to cost lives and that world leaders, including the UK’s, are too often fuelling rather than preventing conflict.
Christine Allen, Christian Aid’s Director of Policy and Public Affairs, said:
Parliamentary elections and three international conferences in support of Lebanon took place during the first half of 2018, whereby international partners recognized the tremendous challenges facing Lebanon and pledged substantial support. Nonetheless, host community fatigue over the protracted stay of close to 1 million registered Syrian refugees continued to grow after the elections, with rising calls on refugee returns to start taking place in larger numbers. The reporting period also saw a rise in municipal restrictions targeting refugees.
Neta C. Crawford
All told, between 480,000 and 507,000 people have been killed in the United States’ post-9/11 wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. This tally of the counts and estimates of direct deaths caused by war violence does not include the more than 500,000 deaths from the war in Syria, raging since 2011, which the US joined in August 2014.