Le Conseil de paix et de sécurité (CPS) de l'Union africaine (UA), en sa 815ème réunion tenue le 4 décembre 2018, a adopté la décision qui suit sur le rapport de la Commission sur les élections en Afrique:
Spotlight on Progress
This overview document presents 331 safety, security and access incidents affecting aid delivery in 12 countries in Southern Africa between January 2017 and March 2018. The report is based on incidents identified in open sources and reported by Aid in Danger partner agencies using the Security in Numbers Database (SiND). The focus is on countries where possible changing or emerging risks can be identified. The total number of reported incidents below reflects the willingness of agencies to share information. It is neither a complete count nor representative.
The American people’s compassion and generosity have saved more than 16 million lives and brought us closer than ever to controlling the HIV/AIDS pandemic – community by community, country by country.
Eastern and Southern Africa is home to more than 60 per cent of children and adolescents living with HIV. This is the region where most progress in the HIV response has been made. Coverage of maternal antiretroviral treatment for pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV reached 93 per cent in this region in 2017. Sustaining these gains and continuing to reach children, adolescents and women at risk and living with HIV is critical. In 2017, an estimated 120,000 adolescents aged 10–19 years and 94,000 children aged 0–9 years were newly infected with HIV.
As of 31 October 2018, 781,917 Congolese refugees are being hosted in African countries. From 1 January to 31 October 2018 alone, some 147,750 Congolese fled to neighboring countries, with a particularly significant increase in refugee flows to Uganda, Burundi and Zambia.
UNHCR together with 43 humanitarian and development partners launched the revised Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) on 17 July 2018 for $547 million to help respond to the needs of Congolese refugees in Africa.
Regional Highlights and Operational Context
In most countries across southern Africa, national average maize prices currently remain below 5 year average (5YA) levels. The exception to this is Zambia, where in September, the national average maize price was 5 percent above the 5YA.
Markets in Zambia appear to be experiencing stress earlier this year, and in mid-October, the Zambian Government imposed temporary restrictive measures on the exportation of maize grain/ meal products to help secure national strategic reserves.
9.6 million people were severely food-insecure in Southern Africa at the start of the lean season (October 2018- April 2019)
Three districts in Zimbabwe and two in Madagascar are facing Emergency food insecurity (IPC phase 4) due to extreme loss of livelihoods
There is at least an 80 per cent chance of an El Niño phenomenon between October and December 2018, which could exacerbate the deteriorating situation.
237mt of food assistance distributed
US$2.25 m six months (Aug 2018-Jan 2019) net funding requirements, representing 63% of total requirements
54,278 people assisted in August 2018
HIV and Nutrition:
The Climate Prediction Centre is predicting El Niño climatic conditions during the main 2018-19 growing season with 70-75% probability while IRI has increased the probability to more than 85%. Furthermore, the forecasts suggest a likelihood of a weak to moderate El Niño event. Historically El Niño climatic conditions have resulted in reduced rainfall across the southern part of Southern Africa.
High risk countries and potential impacts on food security and agriculture
In view of the potential impact of the 2018/19 El Niño on food security and agriculture, high risk countries in Southern Africa, Horn of Africa, Asia and the Pacific and Latin America should be prioritized for further monitoring, analysis and early action.
Most parts of the region are experiencing a slow start to the rainfall season, with below average early rainfall received early in the season
Short term forecasts suggest that the slow onset of rains will continue until at least late November, potentially delaying planting of summer season crops in several areas
Seasonal forecasts suggest high chances for normal to below normal rains in many areas this year, with implications for crop production potential
8.1 million people food insecure in Eswatini,
Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe
4 million people to receive food, cash or vouchers to address immediate lean season needs
Additional USD 212 million required to meet the food needs in the six countries over the lean season (November 2018 - April 2019)
605 Progress towards malaria elimination: report of the second global forum of malaria-eliminating countries – June 2018
605 Progrès vers l’élimination du paludisme: rapport du deuxième forum mondial des pays éliminant le paludisme – juin 2018
key highlights on the progress of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention
Nearly 18.6 million cumulative male circumcisions for HIV prevention were performed between 2008 and 2017 in the 14 priority countries of East and Southern Africa (Fig. 1).
WHO and UNAIDS based their 2007 recommendation for male circumcision as an additional HIV prevention intervention on consistent and compelling evidence from African studies. But in 2007 the actual acceptability of circumcision and feasibility of scaling up were unknown.