Protecting vessels carrying food to Somali communities is part of Operational Atlanta’s core tasks and earlier this week the Italian frigate, ITS Federico Martinengo did just that.
Forced repatriation of Rohingya refugees
Eritrea Should Now Restore Rule of Law, End Indefinite Conscription
The United Nations Security Council today voted to lift a nearly decade-old arms embargo imposed on Eritrea, removing one of the government’s favorite excuses for denying its citizens basic rights.
14 NOVEMBER 2018
Hailing the recent and historic rapprochements in the Horn of Africa, the Security Council today decided to lift the arms embargo, travel ban, assets freeze and targeted sanctions previously imposed on Eritrea, while simultaneously renewing its sanctions imposed against neighbouring Somalia.
Threats and violence affecting emergency care
06 October 2018: In Mthatha town, King Sabata Dalindyebo municipality, two unidentified gunmen hijacked an ambulance with a driver still in it parked outside the Libode Clinic. Hours later, the police found the driver tied up in a forest and the ambulance abandoned nearby. Source:
Humanitarian partners estimate that 4.2 million people will require assistance in 2019. The reduction in needs, compared to 2017, reflects an improvement in the overall humanitarian situation and a more focused approach in defining needs, that now includes, in addition to people in Crisis (IPC3) and Emergency (IPC4), only those in Stress (IPC2) phase in the most vulnerable circumstances. Nonetheless, humanitarian needs remain above the pre-crisis level from two years ago.
Key findings and recommendations
Extent of statelessness
The rainfall forecast for the next seven days is calling for increased rains of up to 50—100 mm cumulative in the southern regions of Gedo, Middle Juba, Bay, Middle Shabelle, Lower Shabelle and Hiraan. The Juba catchment in the Ethiopian highland is also expected to record moderate to heavy rains in the coming week. Somaliland, Puntland and central regions will remain dry during the week in review.
Given the rainfall forecast, river level along the Juba are expected to rise in the next few days with minimal risk of flooding.
Baidoa, 13 November 2018 – Ahead of the upcoming presidential election in Somalia’s South West State, a senior United Nations official today urged all stakeholders in the poll to act in accordance with established rules for the balloting in order to promote a free, fair and transparent vote in the state’s regional assembly.
On Wednesday (14 November), the Security Council is expected to adopt a resolution renewing sanctions measures on Somalia while lifting sanctions on Eritrea, namely the arms embargoes, travel bans, asset freezes and targeted sanctions imposed on Eritrea in resolutions 1907 (2009), 2023 (2011), 2060 (2012) and 2111 (2013). Accordingly, the draft resolution states that the committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea will be known as the committee pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) concerning Somalia.
Key trends in Africa in the week of November 4th include the continued violence against civilians in Cameroon, the deadliest attack in Mogadishu of 2018 and the escalation of political violence in Guinea. Other relevant developments spanned the DRC, Chad, Niger and Madagascar.
In October, a total of 29,558 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight increase in comparison with September when 26,112 movements were observed. The great majority of flows identified (64%) were incoming against 36% outgoing. Like for previous months, Harirad Flow Monitoring Point (Awdal region at the border with Ethiopia) recorded the highest levels of incoming flows, while Bossaso continued to record the highest number of outgoing flows. Migrants identified were mostly Somali (63%), Ethiopian (30%), and Djibutian (7%).
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 102,611 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 11 November, including 49,912 to Spain, the region’s most active destination point this year, with just under 49 per cent of all 2018 arrivals. This marks the fifth straight year arrivals of irregular migrants and refugees have topped the 100,000 benchmark – although in all previous years that arrival threshold was reached earlier in the year.
Located in Western Uganda near the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kyangwali settlement is home to more than 83,000 refugees. Due to its geographical location, Congolese refugees form the majority of the population but there are also Rwandese, Burundians,
Nakivale, one of the oldest refugee settlements in Uganda, was opened in 1958 and officially established as a settlement in 1960. The settlement hosts more than 100,000 refugees from Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan. During the Burundian crisis in 2015, the population of the settlement greatly increased and has since remained this high. Markets are bustling and food is available for purchase, but many refugees struggle to afford basic items.
Gaps & Challenges
Boroli is located in the Pakele subcounty of Adjumani district and has a surface area of 103 hectares. Boroli I first opened on the 1st January 2014 and its extension, Boroli II, was established and opened in 2015. The vast majority of refugees residing at Boroli settlement are South Sudanese and fled insecurity in their country of origin. Boroli also hosts a minority of refugees from Ethiopia and Somalia.
Gaps & Challenges
The Grand Bargain struck by more than 30 humanitarian donors and aid agencies at the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit set out to reform the aid system so it is better prepared for tackling the emergency needs of people affected by crises worldwide. Since then, Ground Truth Solutions and the OECD, with support from the German Federal Foreign Office, have endeavoured to set a baseline for tracking the impact of the Grand Bargain at the country level through the experience of affected people and aid providers.