Sarajevo – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, through its Migration Emergency Funding Mechanism, is supporting the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina to address urgent accommodation and humanitarian needs resulting from an increased number of migrants and asylum seekers.
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
In February, just under 3,900 refugees and migrants entered Europe via Italy, Greece and Spain, less than half the number that entered in January. With lower numbers of people crossing from North Africa to Italy by sea compared to last year, the route to Spain experienced the most movement of the three Mediterranean routes with over 1,500 arrivals, followed by the route to Greece with over 1,200 and less than 1,100 to Italy.
By Ivan Miskovic
When Fahim Mudei (22) left his hometown of Mogadishu in Somalia less than three years ago, he could not have imagined that his journey would eventually take him to Serbia and that this is where he would wish to finally settle. At the time, all he wished for was to save himself from the death threats he was receiving from al-Shabab, a militant organization intent on toppling the Somali government. He succeeded in saving himself, but his mother and brother paid the ultimate price.
Both were killed in terrorist attacks.
Mixed migrations flow along the Balkans route continues. More than 5,000 refugees and migrants are estimated to have arrived to the Balkans countries (other than Greece) in the last four months of 2017
On 20 February 2018, editors and other professionals from over 20 national and international media outlets were sensitized about the current refugee/migrant situation in BiH, and how to report on the situation in line with international norms and definitions. Media guidelines for reporting in such a context were shared by UNHCR and IOM.
Zahra is a mother of three from Afghanistan, searching for a new life in Europe. In early 2016, she set out with her two daughters – aged 17 and 14 – and four year-old son on a courageous journey to Europe, one that she describes as the ‘most horrible experience’ of her life. Following a trek through Turkey, a ride on an inflatable raft to Greece, and a long walk through the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Zahra now finds herself in Serbia.
The overall number of new refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants remained stable with 4,006 counted in Serbia on 04 March. 94% (or 3,750) were accommodated in 18 governmental centres.
Total (observed) arrivals – February: 254
Total (observed) arrivals - January: 300
Total (observed) arrivals of unaccompanied/separated children - February: 27
Total (observed) arrivals of unaccompanied/separated children - January: 37
Total occupancy of government centres – end February: 3,800
Total occupancy of government centres - end January: 3,900
Total presence of refugees/migrants/asylum-seekers – end February: 4,100
Total presence of refugees/migrants/asylum-seekers – end January: 4,100
n 2017, the total number of illegal border-crossings into the EU dropped to its lowest in four years, especially due to a fall in detections on the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Balkan routes, Frontex analysts write in the Risk Analysis for 2018 report released today.
The annual total of 204 700 marked a significant decrease compared to recent years, but not yet a return to the situation before 2014, when figures ranged between 72 000 and 141 000 detections.
8,501 TOTAL ARRIVALS TO EUROPE IN 2018
7,174 ARRIVALS BY SEA IN 2018
1,327 ARRIVALS BY LAND IN 2017
186,768 TOTAL ARRIVALS TO EUROPE IN 2017
9,483 interviews were conducted in Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, Romania, Hungary, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in 2017
About DTM`s Flow Monitoring Surveys
Introduction and overview of activities
The Secretary General appointed me to be his Special Representative on Migration and Refugees as of 1 February 2016. I am the first person to hold the post, the creation of which was announced in December 2015. My first mandate was for two years; a second two-year mandate has recently been agreed.
Global Overview FEBRUARY 2018
2017 has been a fundamental year for the Start Network, with the endorsement of its new strategy for the future by the Member Assembly in November. The Start Network has been mandated by its members to design a network of networks. The vision strives for a future where NGOs are able to respond to humanitarian needs all around the world as they emerge without funding priorities being defined by media headlines or political will.
Budapest/Geneva, 27 February 2018 – The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is calling on people to check on neighbours, relatives and friends who could be at risk as a deep freeze sweeps Europe.
IFRC Regional Director for Europe, Simon Missiri, said: “We are calling on the public to help us protect people who could be in danger– that could be an elderly neighbour, a young family, someone you know who’s ill.
On Monday October 23rd, CRS, CARE and IRC raised an alert to address essential ongoing needs not being covered in Serbia requiring bridge funding. Despite efforts by Start members to advocate for further long-term funding to cover the ongoing needs in Serbia, decisions were taking time to be put in place and in the meantime a large number of asylum seekers were left living under poor conditions. Furthermore, a high number of newly arrived asylum-seekers was registered during the first two weeks of October.
This report was written by Pavle Kilibarda and Nikola Kovačević at the Belgrade Centre for Human Rights (BCHR), and was edited by ECRE. The 2016 and 2017 updates were written by Nikola Kovačević at BCHR, and edited by ECRE.
This report draws on the BCHR’s experience in representing asylum seekers and refugees in Serbia, engaging the asylum authorities and monitoring the respect for the right to asylum in the country.
The information in this report is up-to-date as of 31 December 2017, unless otherwise stated.