AT A GLANCE
Region East Asia and Pacific
Risks Reversal of development gains post-disaster; long term economic and fiscal impacts
Area of Engagement Deepening financial protection
Following a successful pilot program, Pacific Island Countries established a sovereign catastrophe risk insurance company for the region, increasing resilience and access to short-term funds needed to respond to disasters.
HIGH VULNERABILITY, LIMITED BUDGETS
This article highlights the process and lessons learned from the Vulnerability Assessment and Climate Resilient Road Strategy of the Samoan road network, and outlines a replicable approach for small island nations with acute capacity challenges that seek to balance analytical rigour with the need for practicality.
The following syndrome has been flagged:
• Acute Fever and Rash: French Polynesia, Tonga
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon announces £2.9 million for human rights projects across the Commonwealth, with particular focus on the South Pacific and small states.
UK Minister for Human Rights today announces 3 projects to support human rights across the Commonwealth, with particular focus on the South Pacific and small states. This £2.9 million work will support member states, regional organisations and human rights institutions in promoting human rights standards across the Commonwealth, with a focus on equality and adherence to international human rights obligations.
Disaster events have lasting impacts on people, communities, and socioeconomic development. Countries in the Pacific are among the most exposed, globally, to natural disasters, including floods, droughts, cyclones, and earthquakes. The effects of climate change threaten to increase the severity and frequency of hazard events in the Pacific region, emphasizing the need for Pacific island countries to protect themselves against corresponding social and economic consequences.
The following syndromes have been flagged:
· Acute Fever and Rash: Fiji, Northern Marianna Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu
· Outbreak of meningococcal disease group C is ongoing in Fiji. The Fiji MHMS will continue to post updates on PacNet. The last update was posted on 6 April 2018 For details of previous updates please refer to: MHMS media release
· There are ongoing dengue serotype-2 outbreaks in Fiji, Vanuatu. The weekly number of cases (dengue serotype-2) reported is decreasing in Tonga and Samoa
The situational analysis of the dengue fever outbreak in Samoa as shown in the graph below portrays a continual decrease in the number of cases over the past 10 weeks. The cumulative total as of March 18th is 3,255 with a national attack rate of 16.6 per 1,000 population.
Tropical Cyclone Gita made landfall in Tonga on 12 February, causing severe damage to the main island of Tongatapu. The cyclone damaged or destroyed almost 2,000 homes, caused the evacuation of over 4,500 people and left more than 80% of homes in Tonga without power.
Australia's humanitarian assistance
This Regional Briefing on Asia- Pacific National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) aims to provide a brief overview of the NAP experiences of middle-income countries in the Asia and Pacific region (excluding Central Asia), and highlight emerging issues, challenges and opportunities.
Many countries in Asia-Pacific have institutional arrangements in place for climate change adaptation, providing highlevel support and institutional coordination.
SUVA, 19 March 2018 – Government participants from ten countries in the Pacific region will work with experts this week from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and Pacific Community (SPC) to strengthen data collection and planning to improve the lives of the most vulnerable families and children.
Samoa's Civil Society Support Programme has warned families who receive assistance from them that they cannot sell them.
Read more on Radio New Zealand International
The Impact of Disasters on Agriculture and Food Security 2015 showed that a staggering 22 percent of total damage and loss from natural disasters in developing countries was absorbed by the agriculture sector alone.
Today we announce additional humanitarian assistance to support Tongan communities devastated by Tropical Cyclone Gita.
Gita hit Tonga's main island of Tongatapu and nearby ‘Eua island on the night of 12 February, causing extensive damage to housing and infrastructure. Over 100 homes have been destroyed and over 1,000 more have been damaged. Around 4,500 people are staying in evacuation centres. Power remains down across the capital, Nuku'alofa, and the water supply is also affected.
This International Women’s Day, a new EUR18.2 million regional programme to improve gender equality and address violence against women and girls is being announced.
The new Pacific Partnership to End Violence Against Women and Girls (Pacific Partnership) brings together governments, civil society organisations, communities and other partners to promote gender equality, prevent violence against women and girls (VAWG), and increase access to quality response services for survivors.
The United Nations Pacific Strategy (UNPS) 2018-2022 is a five year strategic framework that outlines the collective response of the UN system to the development priorities in 14 Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs), namely Cook Islands, Fiji, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati,
The epi-curve of DENV-2 outbreak in Samoa shows a gradual decline in the number of cases per week. However, the numbers are still high with an accumulative total of 3,001 cases recorded from both clinical diagnosis and laboratory results. The national attack rate per 1,000 population is 15.3 with 1.5% of Samoa’s population affected.
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern has today announced $3 million in funding to assist Samoa with its recovery work and building resilience following Cyclone Gita.
“Cyclone Gita brought flooding to low lying and coastal areas of both Samoa’s main islands, causing damage to homes, businesses and infrastructure.
COOK ISLANDS, February 20, 2018 – In the wake of Cyclone Gita, the government of Tonga received a US$3.5 million payout from the Pacific Catastrophe Risk Insurance Company (PCRIC) based on its insurance cover against tropical cyclones. Funds were transferred after seven days of the cyclone event, providing the government with rapid-response financing to support disaster-relief efforts and effective service delivery to the affected areas
Tropical Cyclone Gita has caused severe damage in the Pacific. It made landfall in Tonga during the night of Monday 12 February as a destructive category 4 storm, causing severe damage to the capital Nuku'alofa.
Over 4,500 people have been displaced in evacuation centres and almost 2,000 homes damaged, including more than 130 destroyed.
Approximately 50% of the main island, Tongatapu’s, electricity network was compromised, leaving 80% of homes in Tonga without power.
But all of our efforts will be meaningless unless there is a concerted and more ambitious effort by all countries to reduce emissions and scale up support for adaptation in the most vulnerable countries."** – Hon. Tuilaepa Dr Sailele Malielegaoi, Prime Minister of Samoa**