179,400 Libyans currently internally displaced (IDPs)1
372,022 returned IDPs (returns registered in 2016 -March 2018)1
52,739 registered refugees and asylum-seekers in the State of Libya2
16,186 persons arrived in Italy by sea in 20183
660 monitoring visits to detention centres so far in 2018
1,396 asylum-seekers and refugees released from detention so far in 2018 (including for evacuations)
UNHCR and partners noted an increase in the number newly arriving refugees, asylumseekers and migrants to Serbia. During the last two weeks we encountered and assisted 697, three times the number (230) during the preceding two weeks. 73% arrived irregularly from fYR Macedonia (up from 55% two weeks ago), 11% from Bulgaria (up from 4%), and only 6% by air (down from 31%). 69% were adult men, 9% adult women and 22% children. Most originated from Pakistan (39%), Iraq (22%), or Afghanistan (20%), few from Iran (9%) or Syria (3%).
This overview document presents incidents affecting aid delivery in 20 countries in Europe in 2017. The report is based on incidents identified in open sources and reported by Aid in Danger partner agencies using the Security in Numbers Database (SiND). In 2017, 113 security incidents affecting NGO staff members, programmes and assets were reported. The total number of reported incidents below reflects the willingness of agencies to share information. It is neither a complete count nor representative.
UNHCR SERBIA UPDATE
UNHCR and partners continue to note an increase in new arrivals when assisting 253 (compared to 230 during the preceding two weeks – below chart refers). Arrivals from fYR Macedonia remained at the same level (55%), as did those by air (31%), while fewer arrived from Bulgaria (4%). Men continued to constitute majority with 62%, while 9% were women and 29% children. Nationals of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran constituted relatively equal number of new arrivals.
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
In April, nearly 7,300 refugees and migrants entered Europe via Italy, Greece and Spain, bringing the number of refugees and migrants who have arrived by land and sea routes to these three countries to nearly 24,300 in the first four months of 2018. This marks a significant decrease of 49% compared to the first four months of 2017, a period in which just over 48,000 refugees and migrants entered Europe via these three countries.
The relocation scheme established by Council Decisions 2015/1523 and 2015/1601 (“Relocation Decisions”) to assist Italy and Greece over a two-year period from September 2015 has sparked heated debates at the EU level. Even though the Relocation Decisions formally expired on 26 September 2017, their effects continue to live on in the ongoing processing of pending relocation cases. At the same time, the relocation of asylum seekers has been at the heart of animated discussions on the reform of the Dublin system and sharing of protection responsibility between EU Member States.
UNHCR SERBIA UPDATE
3,199 new refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia on 13 May. 2,795 (i.e. 87%) were accommodated in 18 governmental centres. Around 400 were still observed outside of centres: around 200 in Belgrade City and some 200 camping close to borders with Croatia or Hungary.
1,731 Registered intentions to seek asylum in Serbia
23% of registered refugees and migrants were minors
35 Applications for asylum
3 Persons granted refugee status
2 Persons granted subsidiary protection
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, evacuated 132 vulnerable refugees and asylum-seekers out of Tripoli and flew them to Niamey, the capital city of Niger, on Thursday. This is the first group of refugees airlifted out of Libya since the UNHCR humanitarian evacuation programme was temporarily halted in early March, following concerns from the government of Niger that onward departures for resettlement in other countries were not keeping up with the pace of arrivals into Niger.
A project to bring children together through song is extended to include refugees.
By Helen Womack in Bucharest, Romania
Lina Jammal knew her son Sam was musical. When he was a small boy, he would jump up on the sofa and sing along with the celebrities on the radio or television, using a hairbrush as a microphone.
Now Sam and his sister Sara have joined a choir as part of a Romanian programme to integrate children from different backgrounds, including refugees, through singing.
DTM flow monitoring data compiled from national authorities and IOM offices show that the number of arrivals through Mediterranean routes between January and March 2018 is half the number of arrivals in the same period in 2017. In the first quarter of 2018 a total of 1,956 migrants and asylum seekers arrived in Europe using different land and sea routes, in comparison to 34,531 registered in the first quarter of 2017. As previously reported, the decrease is mainly due to the drop in arrivals in Italy.
COUNTRIES OF FIRST ARRIVAL
3,498 new refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia on 29 April. 3,194 (i.e. 91%) were accommodated in 18 governmental centres. After 23 April, when authorities transfered 110 men and boys that had been sleeping rough in the North-West to Presevo Reception Centre, around 300 were still observed outside of centres: around 200 in Belgrade City and some 100 camping close to borders with Croatia or Hungary.
In March, just over 4,400 refugees and migrants entered Europe via Italy,
Greece and Spain. Arrivals to Greece (1,250 versus 2,400) increased by almost 100% while arrivals through routes to Spain (1,500 versus 1,300) and Italy (1,050 versus 1,060) remained consistent with the previous month. In the first three months of the year some 16,640 refugees and migrants arrived to Europe by sea compared to nearly 31,000 that arrived in the same period last year, marking a 106% decrease.
Bucharest – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, is today (19-04) kicking off an innovative multi-country project to provide resettled refugees with the building blocks to start their new life in Europe.
Initially targeting 500 Syrian refugees, the LINK IT project aims to link pre-departure and post-arrival support to facilitate the social and economic integration of resettled refugees in four European countries: the United Kingdom, Germany, Portugal and Romania.
In March, UNHCR and partners under its project had provided over 12,800 community-based protection services, including over 10,000 interpretation and legal counselling/info services, over 450 referrals to medical, social welfare, legal registration and other forms of assistance, provided psychosocial and psychological support in over 220 instances, non-formal educational activities and other protection interventions at over 23 sites throughout Serbia.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 8-14 April 2018 and includes updates on measles, dengue, rubella, influenza, listeria and yellow fever.
An estimated 1.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Displaced populations, refugees and migrants are amongst the most vulnerable.
UNHCR’s overall strategic objective in Libya is to enhance the protection environment and provide life-saving assistance to displaced populations, refugees, asylum-seekers, and their host communities.
51,519 registered refugees and asylum seekers in Libya
450 individuals processed for resettlement
1,342 individuals relocated from Libya (312 to Italy, 1,020 to ETM Niger, and 10 to Romania) as of 20 March 2018
5,000 individuals targeted for resettlement and evacuations in 2018