Updates

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21 Sep 2018 description

The following syndromes have been flagged this week:

  • Acute Fever and Rash: American Samoa

  • Prolonged Fever: Tonga

Other Updates:

Polio

20 Sep 2018 description
  • Summary of newly-reported viruses this week: Afghanistan – one new case of wild poliovirus (WPV1). Democratic Republic of Congo – two new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2). See country sections below for more details.

  • Featured on www.polioeradication.org: Coffee with Polio Experts – Darcy Levison of WHO talks about the logistical challenges of reaching every child in the Lake Chad subregion.

19 Sep 2018 description

Eight refugees previously held on Manus Island, have left Papua New Guinea's capital of Port Moresby to be resettled in the United States.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International.

18 Sep 2018 description

Introduction

Climate change in the Pacific

Small island developing states (SIDS) are among the most vulnerable to our changing climate. People living in the western tropical Pacific SIDS are already experiencing higher temperatures, shifts in rainfall patterns, rising sea levels and changes in the frequency and intensity of extreme climate events. Further changes on top of an existing, naturally variable climate are expected long into the future because of global warming.

17 Sep 2018 description

Will an El Nino take place?

Current forecasts of Eastern Pacific sea surface temperatures (SST) and expert judgement point to a significant likelihood of an El Nino materializing: currently this stands at 50-55% chance of it happening in the northern hemisphere Autumn and 65-70% chance of it developing in the coming Winter.

How long is it likely to last?

Judging from the forecasts for how SST are likely to evolve, this El Nino, should it materialize, is likely to be relatively short and over by mid 2019.

13 Sep 2018 description

The following syndromes have been flagged this week:

• Acute Fever and Rash: Palau, FSM, Kiribati, Vanuatu, American Samoa

• Diarrhoea: Tokelau

Other Updates:

Polio

13 Sep 2018 description

All children in Papua New Guinea under the age of 15 will be vaccinated against polio as the government expands its campaign to rein in an outbreak.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International.

13 Sep 2018 description

Australia will provide $10 million in support to combat infectious diseases in Papua New Guinea (PNG).

Low rates of immunisation have led to recent outbreaks of preventable diseases such as polio, measles, and whooping cough.

Australia’s contribution will support the PNG Government’s major vaccination campaign and help increase routine immunisation levels to avoid future outbreaks.

The PNG Government has declared the recent polio virus outbreak a national public health emergency.

12 Sep 2018 description

Autres informations utiles (cas importés/personnes ayant séjourné dans un ou plusieurs États et Territoires insulaires océaniens) :

  • Un (1) cas importé de dengue de type 2 a été signalé par l’Institute of Environmental Science and Research (ESR) de Nouvelle-Zélande pour la période allant du 1er au 7 septembre 2018. Il s’agit d’une personne ayant séjourné aux Îles Salomon.

Autres relevés :

Polio

12 Sep 2018 description

A leading Papua New Guinea health official has warned that communities with poor water and sanitation conditions in the capital are most at risk of the spread of polio.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International

11 Sep 2018 description

Additional information of relevance (e.g. imported cases with travel history to Pacific Island countries and territories):  

- One (1) imported case of **dengue 2** with travel history to **Solomon Islands Islands** was reported by New Zealand ESR (Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd) for the period 01/09/18 to 07/09/2018. 

Other updates **since the last map was sent on PacNet on 3 September 2018** 

Polio 

10 Sep 2018 description

The eighteenth meeting of the Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) regarding the international spread of poliovirus was convened by the Director General on 15 August 2018 at WHO headquarters with members, advisers and invited Member States attending via teleconference.

10 Sep 2018 description

First case reported in the capital city; emergency vaccination starts 24 September in NCD

07 SEPTEMBER 2018, PORT MORESBY - One new case of polio has been confirmed in a 6-year old boy from 5-Mile Settlement. This is the first case reported from Port Moresby, the capital of Papua New Guinea.

08 Sep 2018 description

Manam Volcano, on an island off the coast of Madang province in northern Papua New Guinea, erupted early in the morning of 25 August. Lava and ash are affecting nine of 13 villages on the island, which has a population of about 7,000 people. As of 28 August, two of these villages, Dangale (239 people) and Kolang (143 people), have been evacuated to unaffected locations on the island.

07 Sep 2018 description
report The National

By DOROTHY MARK

ONLY 382 out of the 4769 people affected by the Manam volcanic eruption on Saturday received relief supplies yesterday.

The 382 were from the worst affected villages of Dangale and Kolang.

They had been relocated by Bogia MP Robert Naguri to Zogari village which has been used as a temporary care centre.

Villagers from Baliau, Kuluguma, Boda and Yassa plus some from Bokure villages did not get anything because there was not enough for everyone. But they were expecting more supplies to arrive yesterday.

07 Sep 2018 description
report The National

THE progress of the polio immunisation programme in Southern Highlands is being slowed down by bad weather, says Fred Nondo, supervisor of the polio campaign for the Kagua-Erave district.

He said polio vaccination team patrols started this week for the majority of the districts due to problems in logistic arrangements and the wet season.

The bad weather is a major hindrance to the programme that was launched last week.

07 Sep 2018 description

The Australian government must urgently evacuate the 107 refugee children and their families trapped in appalling conditions in Nauru, or else accept New Zealand’s offer to provide safe haven, said Amnesty International, as the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) comes to a close in Nauru today.

The four-day meeting, which brought together leaders from across the region, comprehensively failed to address the needs of refugees, with the approved draft Forum Communiqué featuring no mention of an improved, human rights-oriented approach to refugee policy.

06 Sep 2018 description
  • Summary of new viruses this week: Papua New Guinea – three new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1). No new cases of wild poliovirus. Afghanistan and Pakistan continue to detect WPV1 through environmental sampling, indicating sustained transmission. See country sections below for more details.

06 Sep 2018 description

The following syndromes have been flagged this week:

  • Acute Fever and Rash: CNMI, Fiji,Tonga

Other Updates:

Leptospirosis

  • Wallis and Futuna confirms 13 cases in since January 2018. For further details please refer to Patrick Lambruschini's PacNet post on 5 September 2018.

Dengue