This monthly digest comprises threats and incidents of violence affecting the delivery of aid. It is prepared by Insecurity Insight from information available in open sources.
All decisions made, on the basis of, or with consideration to, such information remains the responsibility of their respective organisations.
Security Incidents and Access Constraints
Central African Republic
The Minister of Health of Papua New Guinea officially launched the outbreak response campaign on 16 July in Morobe, Madang and Eastern Highlands provinces.
Summary of new viruses this week: advance notification of one wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case in Afghanistan in Kunar province. In Nigeria, one new case of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) as well as three confirmed and two advanced notice cVDPV2 positive environmental samples. See country sections below for more details.
Today marks five years since the Australian government started sending everyone coming by boat to seek asylum to languish in offshore detention centres in the Pacific, never to be resettled in Australia. In those five years, 12 people have died, families have been torn apart, and over 3,000 children and adults have endured enormous mental and physical harm. Yet the Australian government celebrates the policy as a ‘success’, and other parts of the world are now looking to the Australian way as a potential ‘solution’.
The last several years have been exciting and eventful for UNDP, as the organization repositions itself to meet the ambitions of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the demands of UN Member States to reform the UN development system. Both are about significant changes aimed at a new course for development, one that supports people and the planet, and that meets the challenges and opportunities of our complex, rapidly changing world.
Fifth Anniversary of Refugees Suffering on Manus, Nauru Islands
By Nethy Dharma Somba
Children receiving measles and rubella (MR) immunizations, which will be administered simultaneously from Aug. 1 to Sept. 31, will also be vaccinated for polio during the campaign, a Papuan health official said on Thursday.
The Papua Health Agency’s disease control and prevention head Aron Rumainum said based on a recommendation from the Indonesian Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (ITAGI), the government decided to include polio vaccinations in the anti-MR campaign, which targeted 1 million children in Papua.
Government launches emergency measures to prevent children from lifelong paralysis.
Papua New Guinea's national planning minister says the government has 18 months to vaccinate 80 percent of children against polio.
Read more on Radio New Zealand International
This brief summarises the many changes to Australia’s refugee and asylum policies in recent years. These changes have largely been a political response to an increase in the number of people seeking asylum by boat (51,637 arrivals in the past five years) and in deaths at sea (at least 862 deaths over the same period). Both of Australia’s major political parties have responded by blocking access to protection in Australia and penalising those coming by boat.
Refugee and Humanitarian Program
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Key Findings and Recommendations
The latest edition of Crisis Group’s monthly conflict tracker highlights dangers of escalating conflict in Yemen, Syria and Somaliland. CrisisWatch also notes improved relations between Ethiopia and Eritrea, South Sudan’s leaders, Macedonia and Greece, as well as diplomatic engagement between North Korea and the U.S.
Last week was marked by major protests in Afghanistan, ongoing election turmoil in Pakistan, and militant violence in Indonesia. In Afghanistan, following the end of the ceasefire, levels of political violence further increased by 20% compared to the previous week, which is a total hike of over 78% compared to the week of the ceasefire. In light of this spike in violence, people across 16 provinces took to the streets last week to demand peace negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government and an end to the war.
Global Overview JUNE 2018
- Featured on www.polioeradication.org: World leaders reaffirm commitment to polio eradication at G7 Summit.
- The Republic of Korea becomes the first donor to support polio outbreak response in the Horn of Africa. cVDPV outbreak in Papua New Guinea. For further information see the country section below.
On 21 May 2018, the regional polio reference laboratory reported to WHO the isolation of vaccine derived poliovirus type 1 (VDPV1) from a child with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in Lae, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. The onset of the child’s paralysis occurred on 24 April 2018.
In response to this single case of VDPV1, enhanced surveillance and active case finding were implemented, including the collection of stool samples from household and community contacts of the index case.
In Badghis Province, ongoing drought has reportedly displaced nearly 4,000 people to the provincial centre Qala-e-Naw. Humanitarian assessments of these latest arrivals have commenced. The additional displacement of between 70 and 100 people due to drought has also been reported within contested areas of Ghorak district, Helmand Province.
The Australian Government is pleased to support the inaugural Malaria World Congress, held in Melbourne from 1-5 July. The meeting has brought together global specialists to share ideas and strategies towards the goal of eliminating malaria.
Australia is playing a leading role in supporting malaria elimination efforts, particularly in the Indo-Pacific. The Government's Stronger Systems for Health Security program is supporting practical, relevant research into fundamental health security challenges.