Overall levels of organized violence remained static across the South and Southeast Asian regions while the overall levels of demonstrations significantly decreased following the previous week’s spike due to the eruption of country-wide blasphemy demonstrations in Pakistan.
700,056 total returns from Iran and Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018
671,065 total returns from Iran since 01 Jan 2018
28,991 total returns from Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018
12,475 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran
385 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan
4% of returnees from Iran (492 individuals) assisted
85% of returnees from Pakistan (328 individuals) assisted
Total (observed) arrivals – October: 2,636
Total (observed) arrivals - September: 2,540
Total (observed) arrivals of unaccompanied/separated children - October: 240
Total (observed) arrivals of unaccompanied/separated children - September: 409
Total occupancy of government centres – end October: 3,485
Total occupancy of government centres - end September: 3,411
Total presence of refugees/migrants/asylum-seekers – end October: 3,919
Total presence of refugees/migrants/asylum-seekers – end September: 3,905
Key issues in the past week:
A total of 288,600 people have been verified as having been displaced by conflict in 2018.
NSAG (ISK) has closed down 40-50 schools in Chaparhar district, Nangarhar province.
ARAZI and MoRR signed the MOU on the Transfer of State Land for the establishment of temporary settlements for IDPs displaced due to natural disasters.
Key numbers of the past week:
15,000 new IDPs reported in the past week
Pakistan was described as “among the world’s worst performing countries in education,” at the 2015 Oslo Summit on Education and Development. The new government, elected in July 2018, stated in their manifesto that nearly 22.5 million children are out of school. Girls are particularly affected. Thirty-two percent of primary school age girls are out of school in Pakistan, compared to 21 percent of boys. By grade six, 59 percent of girls are out of school, versus 49 percent of boys. Only 13 percent of girls are still in school by ninth grade.
By Ahmed Raza and Daud Khan
ROME, Nov 12 2018 (IPS) - Despite the fact that Pakistan’s industrial and services sector continue to grow in importance, what happens in the agriculture sector remains critical to the performance of Pakistan’s economy and the wellbeing of its people.
Nearly forty years of conflict have deeply affected Afghanistan. Despite efforts to stabilise the country the security situation continues to deteriorate. Whilst peace talks between the Government of Afghanistan and the main non-state armed group continue, the conflict between the different actors across the country has continued to intensify. Attacks on civilians and aid workers have increased, and 2018 is on track to be the deadliest year on record for civilians in Afghanistan.
Pneumonia is on course to kill nearly 11 million children by 2030, new analysis conducted by Johns Hopkins University and Save the Children reveals.
The in-depth modelling, released on World Pneumonia Day, also shows that more than four million of these deaths – more than a third – could be easily averted with concerted action to improve rates of vaccination, treatment and nutrition.
Without action, the aid organisation’s forecasts show Nigeria, India, Pakistan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are likely to bear the highest burden of deaths.
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 11 Nov 2018): 22,418
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 11 Nov 2017): 114,473
Total arrivals 1 Nov - 11 Nov 2018 463
Total arrivals 1 Nov - 11 Nov 2017 3,076
Average daily arrivals in November 2018 so far: 42
Average daily arrivals in October 2018: 32
Dead and missing in 2018 - Central Med (as of 11 Nov) 1,252
Dead and missing in 2018 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 11 Nov) 2,036
Dead and missing in 2017 - Central Med (as of 11 Nov) 2,812
Dead and missing in 2017 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 11 Nov) 3,011
On 29 October, Typhoon Yutu (locally named ‘Rosita’) made landfall in Isabela Province. As of 9 November, there were 11 confirmed dead and over 2,500 houses destroyed. Although this storm was not as strong as was initially feared, it affected many of the same communities which were affected by Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named ‘Ompong’) in September. There were nearly 1,100 Baranguays affected by both storms which caused repeated displacement across six different provinces.
2,500 houses destroyed
NEW YORK: Pakistan’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations Dr Maleeha Lodhi handed over the country’s enhanced contribution for Palestinian refugees to the representative of the UN Relief and Works Agency (UNWRA), the branch of UN working to provide relief in the region.
Speaking on the occasion at the Pakistan Mission to the UN, ambassador Lodhi said this was done on the instructions of the government of Pakistan, and in accordance with the wishes and aspirations of the people.
During last week (04 – 10 November 2018), 406 Afghan refugees returned to Afghanistan (368 from Pakistan, 26 from Iran and 12 from other countries)
15,095 Afghan refugees returned to Afghanistan in 2018, out of which 13,179 from Pakistan, 1,774 from Iran and 142 from other countries (as of 10 November 2018)
This is 73% less compared to the same period in 2017, when 56,766 Afghan refugees returned to Afghanistan
LANDI KOTAL: The Fata Disaster Management Authority (FDMA) has announced to pay all the cash grants to families in different tribal districts which were suspended after lapse of six months following their return.
A notification issued by FDMA office said on Friday that director general Nasir Durrani had repealed the previous policy devised in 2016 under which every returning family was entitled to Rs10,000 for transportation and Rs35,000 as cash grant for emergency spending soon after their return.
THARPARKAR: Two more infants died at Civil hospital Mithi, in Sindh’s drought-hit district of Tharparkar on Friday, due to the health problems caused by chronic malnutrition prevailing in the region for a long time, said the sources within the hospital.
Thar’s situation fails to improve despite relief measures by the provincial government of Sindh to address food shortage in the desert region.
With the death of two more toddlers in Tharparkar, the number of total fatalities this year has reached to 560 so far.
Neta C. Crawford
All told, between 480,000 and 507,000 people have been killed in the United States’ post-9/11 wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. This tally of the counts and estimates of direct deaths caused by war violence does not include the more than 500,000 deaths from the war in Syria, raging since 2011, which the US joined in August 2014.
Proposed Bill an Important Opportunity to Protect Children
Pakistan’s human rights minister, Shireen M. Mazari, recently spoke of her government’s commitment to advancing human rights for all Pakistani citizens. A proposed bill sent yesterday to Pakistan’s Senate that seeks to end child marriage is an excellent opportunity for the government to make good on that commitment.
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
FOREWORD FROM SECRETARY OF STATE, USAID ADMINISTRATOR, AND SECRETARY OF DEFENSE