Culture – the “X Factor” for Building Back Better after Conflict and Disasters
- As the world continues to urbanize rapidly, cities are increasingly bearing the brunt of conflicts, crises, and disasters, which have a devastating effect on culture.
- A new World Bank-UNESCO Position Paper, Culture in City Reconstruction and Recovery (CURE), proposes an enhanced culture-based framework for city reconstruction and recovery.
The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a global norm, unanimously adopted by heads of state and government at the 2005 UN World Summit, aimed at preventing and halting Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity. R2P stipulates that:
Guidebook for Urban Resilience was developed to provide guidance to the national and local government officials in ASEAN Member States (AMS) in charge of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Urban Planning and Management. With this report, the officials can understand urban disaster risk, issues and countermeasures against the urban disaster risks or critical points regarding to DRR, mainstreaming DRR into urban planning and management including regulation of land use and development through reading the guidebook.
“People have to start to listen to each other, or we will never have peace”
Kyaw Hsan is trying to bridge the deep rift between his own ethnic Rakhine community and the Rohingya minority in Rakhine State, where 700,000 Rohingya were driven out last year in a purge the UN says could amount to genocide.
Read more on IRIN.
Over the past two weeks, community feedback suggests that refugees are becoming increasingly concerned about the possibility of repatriation to Myanmar, with rumours circulating and a clear need for more information. Repatriation is currently one of the most discussed issues within the Rohingya community with lots of queries and apprehension. Many of the community’s concerns relate to a lack of knowledge about how repatriation decisions are being made and what the process will be. Given these concerns, this special edition of What Matters?
Conditions Unsafe Until Myanmar Ensures Rights, Security
Since 25 August 2017, human rights violations and targeted violence1 against the Rohingya community in Rakhine State, Myanmar, have forced over 728,0002 of them to seek sanctuary in Bangladesh. Half of the refugees (55%) are children. Within two months of the first arrivals, the number of refugee population in Cox’s Bazar district quadrupled, which made it the fastest growing refugee crisis in the world. The refugees continued to arrive by foot and boat in subsequent months. Most of them came with few belongings or cash.
Bangladesh and Myanmar authorities must immediately halt plans to send Rohingya refugees back to Rakhine State, Amnesty International said today.
A first wave of organized returns could begin as soon as 15 November, following the announcement of a bilateral agreement between Bangladesh and Myanmar last month which falls short of international obligations.
“This is a reckless move which puts lives at risk,” said Nicholas Bequelin, Amnesty International’s Regional Director for East and Southeast Asia.
“How can we go back?” Mohammad, a Rohingya refugee in a Bangladesh camp called to tell me. “They will kill us if we go back.”
There is panic in the refugee camps, he said, after Myanmar and Bangladesh announced plans to start refugee repatriations very soon. While the Bangladeshi government accepted approximately 700,000 Rohingya refugees after the Myanmar army’s ethnic cleansing campaign, Rohingya say authorities are now pressuring them to return.
REFUGEES INTERNATIONAL DENOUNCES IMPENDING PLANS TO RETURN ROHINGYA REFUGEES, WELCOMES U.S. VICE PRESIDENT PENCE’S STATEMENTS IN MEETING WITH MYANMAR’S AUNG SAN SUU KYI
Forced repatriation of Rohingya refugees
by Nehginpao Kipgen