This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 51 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
On 27 October 2017, the Ministry of Health in Mozambique notified WHO of an outbreak of cholera. From 14 August 2017 through 11 February 2018, 1799 cases and one death (case fatality rate = 0.06%) of cholera were reported from the two provinces; Nampula (1580 cases) and Cabo Delgado (219 cases). Underreporting of the number of cases and deaths is likely. This outbreak has been confirmed by Rapid Diagnostic Tests and culture.
As many as 273,000 people newly displaced, half of whom are minors, were recorded between 15 December and 29 January in central and northern Idleb and northern Hama due to a government-led offensive in the governorates (OCHA, 7 Feb 2018; OCHA, 23 Jan 2018; Save the Children, 17 Jan 2018). Parts of the contested areas have reportedly been emptied of civilians (OCHA, 16 Jan 2018). Most of the population in the town of Saraqab, in Idleb province, has been displaced (OCHA, 7 Feb 2018).
- On 17 January, the northern provinces were hit by a tropical depression which brought heavy rains and flooding. WFP supported the government response via food assistance in Nampula.
- WFP is initiating a Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) treatment programme in districts with the highest levels of wasting.
- Made possible through Russian debt swap, implementation of the national school feeding programme, including capacity strengthening, is underway.
International prices of wheat and maize were generally firmer in January, supported by weather-related concerns and a weaker US dollar. Export price quotations of rice also strengthened mainly buoyed by renewed Asian demand.
In East Africa, in the Sudan, prices of the main staples: sorghum, millet and wheat, rose sharply for the third consecutive month in January and reached record highs, underpinned by the removal of wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the Sudanese Pound.
Rain continues to decrease deficits throughout southern Africa, causing flooding in some areas
Since November, rainfall has been below average in South Africa. Significant moisture deficits have strengthened and expanded into several parts of Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia, Namibia, and southern Angola.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2018
MAPUTO, Mozambique – “We are equal to boys and can also contribute to society,” said 17-year-old Lidia Suale Saide. Lidia knows what it means to stand up for these beliefs. One year ago, she refused her mother’s attempt to marry her off. She said she wanted to become a doctor instead.
“I want to become independent and free of the harms and expectations placed on girls in my community,” she told UNFPA recently.
1. Today, February 14, upon the request of the Government of the Republic of Mozambique, the Government of Japan decided to provide emergency relief goods (tents, blankets etc.) to Mozambique through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in response to the damages caused by the torrential rainfall that occurred on January 13 (local time).
Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), FAW, is an insect native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas. Its larval stage (photo) feeds on more than 80 plant species, including maize, rice, sorghum, millet, sugarcane, vegetable crops, and cotton. FAW can cause significant yield losses if not well managed. It can have a number of generations per year and the moth can fly up to 100 km per night. Its modality of introduction along with its biological and ecological adaptation across Africa are still speculative.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 54 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Declaration of the end of cholera outbreak in South Sudan
Humanitarian crisis in Central African Republic
Cholera in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Hepatitis E in Namibia
Cholera in Angola
Early action crucial to avert crisis
09 February 2018, Johannesburg/Harare - Prolonged dry spells, erratic rainfall, high temperatures and the presence of the voracious fall armyworm have significantly dampened Southern Africa’s current agricultural season’s cereal production prospects. Early action in the form of consolidating information through assessments and anticipatory measures that reduce the impact of threats are crucial for an effective response.
By Denis McClean
KUALA LUMPUR, 12 February 2018 - Just five months after the September earthquakes which completely destroyed 60,000 homes, more than 30,000 have been rebuilt by affected families provided with cash and technical assistance from the Mexican authorities.
In a first for Mexico, the authorities restored hope to affected communities across seven states, by issuing a total of 170,000 debit cards which allowed each family to draw up to US$8,000 to rebuild or repair their homes, in the first such experiment by the Mexican government.
Les faibles niveaux de financement ne permettent pas aux pays voisins du Burundi d’offrir une aide d’un niveau acceptable.
Par Dana Hughes
GENÈVE — Le HCR a lancé aujourd’hui un appel de 391 millions de dollars pour venir en aide à 430 000 réfugiés burundais cette année, soulignant le besoin urgent de fonds supplémentaires pour éviter que cette crise ne tombe dans l’oubli.
JOHANNESBURG – The twin scourges of another prolonged dry spell and an invasive crop-eating worm are set to sharply curtail harvests across southern Africa, driving millions of people – most of them children – into severe hunger, warns the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP).
MAPUTO – The Global Fund and health partners in Mozambique today launched the implementation of six grants aimed at accelerating the end of HIV, tuberculosis and malaria as epidemics.
The new grants will support the reduction of rates of malaria death and sickness by 40 percent by 2022 compared with 2015. The grants also aim to contribute to the reduction of new HIV infections and HIV-related deaths by 40 percent and TB death rates by 50 percent by 2020. Additionally, the resources will support improvement of efforts to find missing cases of TB.
Rainfall expected to provide some relief to Zimbabwe and Mozambique, elsewhere dryness continues
Africa Weather Hazards
Since November, rainfall has been belowaverage in South Africa.
Significant moisture deficits have strengthened and expanded into several parts of Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia, Namibia, and southern Angola.
Erratic rainfall, high temperatures and persistent Fall Armyworm infestation lower cereal crop production prospects for 2018 in southern Africa.
In the absence of consistent rains for the remainder of the season, dry conditions experienced in December to January will further diminish water supplies for domestic, agricultural and commercial use.
These conditions are likely to have far reaching consequences on access to adequate food and nutrition and ability of farmers to produce in the 2018/19 consumption year.
More than 4,057 cholera / AWD cases and 51 deaths (Case Fatality Rate: 1.3%) have been reported in 11 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2018. These countries include; Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.