This report examines the query:
What outcomes do school feeding interventions aim to achieve in humanitarian response, and what evidence is there that they have achieved them?
What is the evidence of the added value (or not) of school feeding when combined/ compared with other social protection programmes e.g. cash transfers?
K4D helpdesk reports provide summaries of current research, evidence and lessons learned. This report was commissioned by the UK Department for International Development.
8.1 million people food insecure in Eswatini,
Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe
4 million people to receive food, cash or vouchers to address immediate lean season needs
Additional USD 212 million required to meet the food needs in the six countries over the lean season (November 2018 - April 2019)
COOPI’s worldwide operations increased once again in 2017. It means also that the number of humanitarian crises we have tried to respond to as effectively as ever has increased. We have decided not to limit ourselves to intervening when there is an emergency, only to then move on elsewhere; instead, we remain alongside the communities hit by those emergencies in the medium-to-long-term, so as to help them overcome their critical issues and launch a reconstruction process.
• The volume of monitored commodities increased significantly by 44 percent in the month of May owing to increased availability from on-going harvests.
• Maize grain traded increased by 31 percent, with flows from Mozambique to Malawi being highest (Table 1).
• Volumes of maize meal traded increased by 94 percent. Flows from Zambia to DRC have been dominant (Table 2).
• Rice volumes increased marginally by 6 percent, with flows from Tanzania to Zambia being largest (Table 3).
Message from our Regional Director
Despite numerous humanitarian challenges in 2017 in Africa, there were also a number of heart-warming accomplishments. A case in point, was when a local response of Red Crescent teams—and other partners—curbed Somalia's cholera outbreak through the power of local volunteers and shared international expertise. In terms of support to our members, 36 National Societies were able to kick start initiatives that built their capacity through seed grants.
Lilongwe, 9 November 2018 – The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today warned of an imminent disruption of food assistance for 35,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Malawi, urging the international community to commit the US$4.2 million needed to support them in 2019.
This update concerns the situation of Congolese refugees and asylum seekers in countries in the region.
810,227 Total number of refugees and asylum-seekers from the DRC.
4.5 M Internally displaced people Source: OCHA
941,000 Planning figure of DRC refugees by December 2018.
35 Total number of Congolese refugees assisted to return since January 2018
As of 30 September 2018, 810,227 Congolese refugees are being hosted in African countries. From 1 January to 30 September 2018 alone, some 139,395 Congolese fled to neighboring countries, with a particularly significant increase in refugee flows to Burundi, Uganda and Zambia.
UNHCR together with 43 humanitarian and development partners launched the revised Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) on 17 July 2018 for $547 million to help respond to the needs of Congolese refugees in neighboring countries.
Regional Highlights and Operational Context
Ten out of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) have reported more than 35,727 cholera / AWD cases and 423 deaths (Case Fatality Rate, 1.2%), since the beginning of 2018. These countries include; Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe accounts for 28.2 % (10,086) of the total case load reported this year, followed by Somalia at 17.2% (6,132).
Animal health emergencies continue to erupt around the world at an ever-increasing pace. Increased global travel, human migration and informal trade of animals and animal products continue to intensify the risk of disease spread. Infectious diseases and other animal health threats have the potential to move rapidly within a country or around the world leading to severe socio-economic and public health consequences. For zoonoses that develop the ability for human to human transmission, an early response to an animal health emergency could prevent the next pandemic.
In September 2018 reporting was at 100 percent. All the 619 Outpatient Therapeutic Program (OTP) centres, 104 Nutrition Rehabilitation Units (NRU) and 611 Supplementary Feeding Program (SFP) centres in Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) reported as follows:
3,234 children aged 6 to 59 months with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) received lifesaving treatment in OTP centres and NRUs.
5,821 children aged 6 to 59 months with Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) treated in the SFP centres.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year. To learn more about markets in Southern Africa, please consult the FEWS NET Regional Maize Market Fundamentals Summary Report.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Over 3 million people planned to receive humanitarian food assistance through the lean season
GENEVA/ NEW YORK, 30 October 2018 - This month, partners of the Global Task Force on Cholera Control (GTFCC) mark one year since the launch of Ending Cholera: A Global Roadmap to 2030, which targets a 90% reduction in cholera deaths by 2030 and the elimination of cholera in at least 20 countries out of the 47 currently affected.
key highlights on the progress of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention
Nearly 18.6 million cumulative male circumcisions for HIV prevention were performed between 2008 and 2017 in the 14 priority countries of East and Southern Africa (Fig. 1).
WHO and UNAIDS based their 2007 recommendation for male circumcision as an additional HIV prevention intervention on consistent and compelling evidence from African studies. But in 2007 the actual acceptability of circumcision and feasibility of scaling up were unknown.
As a key source of income, the majority of Malawi’s population who live in rural areas, rely on smallholder rain-fed agriculture, which is extremely vulnerable to climate change. Henry Msiska is a 49-year-old Lead Farmer from Mziliwanda village in Nchenachena in the northern district of Rumphi. To Msiska, delayed onset of rains is undoubtedly the biggest challenge in his agri-business.
“I remember some years back, the rainy season used to start in November and last in April or May. But nowadays, the rain would start in December and end even before March,” observes Msiska.