• Delayed rains and below-average precipitation since October have reduced cereal production prospects and lowered pasture yields in western areas of Southern Africa.
• Rains picked up in late December across most of the subregion, partly alleviating moisture deficits.
Making pregnancy and delivery safer
Increased seasonal rainfall is forecast to relieve dryness throughout southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
An erratic rainfall distribution since the Short-Rains season has caused dryness in Somalia,
Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Continued below average rainfall since October has resulted in widespread dryness throughout southern Africa.
Poor rainfall has led to anomalous dryness across Madagascar. Heavy rainfall forecast later this month is expected to provide relief.
Rainfall brings relief to dry conditions across South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Angola
Africa Weather Hazards
An erratic rainfall distribution since the Short-Rains season has caused large seasonal dryness in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Continued below average rainfall since October has resulted in significant moisture deficits throughout southern Africa.
Several consecutive weeks of poor rainfall has led to anomalous dryness across Madagascar.
Submitted by Hugo Wesley
co-authors: Lorenzo Piccio
Sub-Saharan Africa knows more than its fair share of disasters induced by natural hazards. The past few months alone have seen drought in the Horn of Africa, floods in Mali and Rwanda, and landslides in Ethiopia and Uganda. Between 2005 and 2015, the region experienced an average of 157 disasters per year, claiming the lives of roughly 10,000 people annually.
Drought develops in eastern Africa as dryness strengthens across southern Africa
A poor start to the Short-Rains season has resulted in large seasonal dryness in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Insufficient rainfall since October has led to large moisture deficits in South Africa, Lesotho, and Botswana.
Several weeks of poor rainfall has caused dryness across Madagascar.
Many weeks of below-average rainfall has strengthened dryness in Angola, Namibia, Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and South Africa.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher, Similar, or Lower. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Drought continues to develop across Kenya, Somalia, and southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Poor rainfall distribution since the beginning of the Short-Rains season has caused large moisture deficits in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya.
Insufficient rainfall since October has resulted in early-season drought across South Africa, Lesotho, and Botswana.
Several weeks of poor rainfall have caused dryness in central and western Madagascar.
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid1 , and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('Overseas Association Decision')2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,
Well-below average rainfall has been received in most parts of the region since October, although recent improvements were experienced in some eastern areas
The low rains have been associated with a delayed season onset in western, central and southern parts of the region. Some areas experienced delays in season onset of 30 to 40 days
Pasture and livestock conditions deteriorated, and drought-related livestock deaths were reported
Significantly below-average rainfall and high temperatures at the start of season
Household food and economic security affect people’s health, as well as their ability to provide basic necessities for themselves and their families. Although interrelated, among vulnerable populations these needs are often addressed by separate organizations or programs that specialize in one area or another. With this in mind, the Livelihoods and Food Security Technical Assistance II (LIFT II) project made a move to connect organizations and people in a new way.
Charles Shey Wiysonge
Director, Cochrane South Africa, South African Medical Research Council
Charles Shey Wiysonge does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.
WASHINGTON, December 18, 2018 – Efforts to improve agriculture productivity in Southern Africa got a boost following the World Bank Board approval today of a $50 million project to increase the availability of agricultural technologies in Angola and Lesotho. This will be done under the ongoing World Bank financed Agriculture Productivity Program for Southern Africa (APPSA) involving three other countries in the region, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia.
- 8.4 million people food insecure in Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe
- 4.1 million people to receive food, cash or vouchers to address immediate lean season needs
- Additional USD 171 million required to meet the food needs in the six countries over the lean season (December 2018 - April 2019)
The depletion of household food stocks, below-average incomes, and increase in market prices will likely lead to an increase in the number of households experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes in areas of Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe through at least early 2019. Areas affected by conflict in DRC are also anticipated to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). The rest of the region will likely continue experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes.
Spotlight on Progress
In 2018, the crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) drastically worsened, spreading to previously unaffected areas and impacting the Great Lakes region. The ongoing conflicts across much of eastern and central DRC continue to cause significant displacement, damage to property and tragic loss of human life.