BY BROWN ODIGIE
In recent weeks, allegations have surfaced that Italy has been paying armed groups in Libya to cease smuggling migrants into the country. Some estimate that the number of migrants crossing the Mediterranean into Italy has reduced by half compared to the same time period last year. At the heart of the issue is a governance vacuum that allows armed groups to control the flow of migrants in and out of Libya, presenting a unique challenge for governments in North and West Africa and EU policymakers.
Trends and Key Figures
Moisture deficits in the Greater Horn of Africa could indicate delayed onset of seasonal rains
Africa Weather Hazards
Poorly-distributed rainfall during August and early September has delayed crop development over parts of southern Burkina Faso and northern Ghana. Below-average rain is forecast next week, which further reduces the chance for recovery.
The West and Central Africa region has experienced severe flooding in the 2017 rainy season, causing significant material and human casualties. A combination of swollen rivers and high impact incidents has led to destruction of infrastructure and agricultural assets, population displacement, and complications for access and relief assistance.
The savannahs of Africa cover a mind-boggling 600 million hectares, of which 400 million hectares are cultivable, the President of the African Development Bank, Akinwumi Adesina, has said.
In September, there were 13 900 detections of illegal border crossings on the four main migratory routes into the EU.
The total number of detections on the four main migratory routes in the first nine months of 2017 fell by 64% from the same period of last year to 156 000.
The movement of refugees and migrants across the Sahara and the central Mediterranean Sea towards Europe continues to have a devastating toll on human life. Between January and August 2017, an estimated 2,270 refugees and migrants died at sea in the central Mediterranean. It is estimated that many others died on their way across the desert and in detention centres.
By Tharanga Yakupitiyage
UNITED NATIONS, Oct 18 2017 (IPS) - While many often focus on wealth disparities, economic inequality is often a symptom and cause of other inequalities including women’s access to sexual and reproductive health.
EVANSTON, Ill. (Oct. 17, 2017) — With just 11 confirmed polio cases so far in 2017, the world is on the brink of eradicating polio, a vaccine-preventable disease that once paralyzed hundreds of thousands of children each year.
To recognize this historic progress, Rotary clubs worldwide will host events in conjunction with Rotary International’s fifth annual World Polio Day celebration on Oct. 24.
145,355 Arrivals by sea in 2017
363,401 Arrivals in 2017
2,776 Dead / Missing
On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.
2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 15 Oct 2017): 108,991
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 15 Oct 2016): 145,125
Total arrivals 1 Oct - 15 Oct 2017 3,676
Total arrivals 1 Oct - 15 Oct 2016 13,082
Average daily arrivals in October 2017 so far: 245
Average daily arrivals in September 2017: 206
Dead and missing in 2017 (as of 15 Oct) 2,784
Dead and missing in 2016 (as of 15 Oct) 3,654
Dead and missing in 2016 5,096
Despite average rainfall over East Africa, risk of flooding remains high in Sudan and Ethiopia
Africa Weather Hazards
and below-normal rainfall in August and early September has produced moderate to large moisture deficits in parts of southern Burkina Faso and northern Ghana.
Below-average rain over the past three months has resulted in poor ground conditions in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action: