Arun Bhakta Shrestha
Between March and April 2018, the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in cooperation with various international and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), conducted a Multi-cluster/sector Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) to gather information on the current migrant and refugee situation, identify needs and gaps and inform the planning and coordination of the immediate UN response. Below are outlined the key findings of the MIRA assessment and recommendations for further action.
2. Background & Rationale
After unprecedented levels of displacement were observed in Afghanistan in 2016, the situation remained unstable in 2017.
Since January, approximately 286,000 undocumented Afghans have returned from Pakistan and Iran (IOM, 2017) and an estimated 202,109 people have been displaced internally by conflict (OCHA, 2017).
The international border between Pakistan and Afghanistan spans 2,430 km (1,510 miles). On the Pakistan side, the border touches the provinces/regions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Balochistan. Throughout its history, the border has remained very porous, as populations in both countries share historical and cultural heritage, with cross-border movements taking place on a regular basis.
This document summarizes key findings from data collected between 1-24 January 2016, drawing on primary data from group interviews with migrants* and analysis of mainstream and social media.
At the beginning of 2015, the number of IDPs in KP reached 1.67 million after the last operation conducted in Khyber Agency. The government of Pakistan announced the 2015 return plan with a planning figure of around 154,000 families.
In continuation of the military operations launched in 2009 and 2011, the Pakistani army launched its third operation, Khyber 1, in October 2014.
Consequent to the operation, residents from Akkakhel, Malikdinkhel and Sipah areas of Bara, fled their homes to secure their families in or around Peshawar.
1.0 Executive Summary
This report provides an analysis and evaluation of the current status of the displaced families from North Waziristan Agency (NWA) who are living with the host community in Bannu, done jointly by cluster members and local civilian authorities. Noting how displaced families are in various locations, PDMA indicated the assessment would be undertaken in Bannu initially, where the majority of the displaced families are residing.
Introduction and Background
1 . Key concerns
Some families are leaving members in unsafe areas of Bara and/or are planning on returning to unsafe areas of Bara. In some instances, families appeared to believe they had no other viable option.
Several IDPs indicated they feared retribution by insurgents in Bara for receiving humanitarian assistance. Others reported that they were under pressure including from other IDPs in the camp to return to Bara to support peace committees.