Mauritania hosts over 2,000 urban refugees and asylumseekers and more than 56,000 Malian refugees in Mbera camp established in 2012 in the arid south-eastern region close to the Malian border.
Despite the conclusion of a peace agreement in 2015, large-scale returns of Malian refugees are not expected due to persistent violence in northern Mali. In July alone, 19 new arrivals were registered in Mbera camp.
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 61,517 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 12 August. This compares with 118,436 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 265,640 in 2016.
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 12 Aug 2018): 18,944
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 12 Aug 2017): 97,241
Total arrivals 1 Aug - 12 Aug 2018: 434
Total arrivals 1 Aug - 12 Aug 2017: 2,028
Average daily arrivals in August 2018 so far: 36
Average daily arrivals in July 2018: 63
Dead and missing in 2018 - Central Med (as of 12 Aug): 1,095
Dead and missing in 2018 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 12 Aug): 1,522
Dead and missing in 2017 - Central Med (as of 12 Aug): 2,287
Dead and missing in 2017 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 12 Aug): 2,441
Un nouveau cadre social pour promouvoir la sécurité alimentaire et les systèmes alimentaires
7 août 2018, Rome - Les guerres civiles et les conflits ont augmenté au cours de la dernière décennie, inversant la tendance qui reflétait une baisse de la faim à travers le monde.
Crise socio-politique : une feuille de route désormais disponible pour une sortie de crise La médiation de la CEDEAO dans la crise togolaise, débouche sur une feuille de route proposée aux protagonistes.
Le SNU au Togo fait un complément de don aux ghanéens déplacés au nord Togo Des kits d’accouchement et de dignité ont été remis au Gouvernement en complément aux articles humanitaires offerts par le HCR Togo en juin 2018.
L’amnistie annoncée ne doit pas concerner les crimes de guerre et contre l’humanité
Aucune amnistie ne devrait s’appliquer aux crimes de guerre, crimes contre l’humanité et autres graves violations des droits humains commises en Côte d’Ivoire pendant la crise post-électorale de 2010-2011, ont déclaré aujourd’hui onze organisations de défense des droits humains ivoiriennes et internationales.
There should be no amnesty for those responsible for war crimes, crimes against humanity and other serious human rights violations committed in Côte d’Ivoire’s 2010-11 post-election crisis, 11 national and international human rights groups said today.
Contrary to all commitments for justice since 2011, President Alassane Ouattara announced on August 6, 2018 that he would grant an amnesty to 800 people accused of or convicted of crimes related to the 2010-11 crisis or subsequent attacks against the state, which could include people implicated in serious human rights crimes.
L’OIM travaille avec les autorités nationales, locales et des partenaires locaux dans le but de mieux comprendre et connaître les mouvements migratoires à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Le suivi des flux de population est une activité qui vise à quantifier et de qualifier les flux, de définir les profils des migrants, de ressortir les tendances et de retracer les routes migratoires sur un point d’entrée, de transit ou de sortie donné. Au Burkina Faso, des points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants de Ouagadougou depuis 2017.
Between 1 January and 31 July 2018, 2,896 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 16% of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the numbers of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first seven months of 2018 are considerably lower than in the same period last year, when over 12,600 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-July 2018 period (16%) is only slightly higher than in January-July 2017 (13%).
Between 1 January and 31 July 2018, 18,510 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is an 81 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (95,213). Just over 1,900 persons reached Italian shores in July 2018, a significant reduction compared to arrivals in June (3,136) and May (3,963). The reduction is even more significant when compared to the numbers of refugees and migrants crossing the sea to Italy in June 2017, when 11,461 registered at landing points.
Trends and Key Figures
By Juliana Nnoko-Mewanu
Juliana Nnoko-Mewanu is a women’s rights researcher at Human Rights Watch who has done extensive work on land rights issues.
MINNESOTA, United States, Aug 6 2018 (IPS) - Violent clashes between farmers and herders in Nigeria’s Middle Belt in June reminded me of a smelting hot afternoon a year ago. I was sitting in my living room watching a herder grazing his cows in my yard in the small town in southwestern Cameroon where I live.
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 05 Aug 2018): 18,785
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 05 Aug 2017): 96,247
Total arrivals 1 Aug - 05 Aug 2018 275
Total arrivals 1 Aug - 05 Aug 2017 1,034
Average daily arrivals in August 2018 so far: 55
Average daily arrivals in July 2018: 63
Dead and missing in 2018 - Central Med (as of 05 Aug) 1,095
Dead and missing in 2018 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 05 Aug) 1,511
Dead and missing in 2017 - Central Med (as of 05 Aug) 2,287
Dead and missing in 2017 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 05 Aug) 2,438
Libya continues to be the main transit point for departure from North Africa towards Europe. UNHCR's interventions at disembarkation points in Libya focus on the provision of life-saving assistance and protection monitoring, to identify persons in need of international protection, as well as vulnerable individuals, such as unaccompanied and separated children, elderly, medical cases, women at risk or victims of trafficking. UNHCR through its partner International Medical Corps provides medical services and core relief items.
UNHCR assisted with the Voluntary Repatriation of 94 Ivorian from Guinea,
Ghana and Liberia.
The Statelessness Mapping operation pilot phase took place in 10 areas of Abidjan.
A “Come and Tell” visit mission supported by UNHCR took place in Accra and Takoradi, Ghana.
WORKING WITH PARTNERS
Between 1 January and 30 June 2018, 16,566 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 80% decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (83,752). Just over 3,100 refugees and migrants arrived by sea in June 2018, a decrease compared to the 3,900 who reached Italian shores in May and a significant reduction compared to the 23,500 refugees and migrants who crossed the sea, mostly from North Africa, in June 2017.
Overview and developments
Between 1 January and 31 May 2018, 13,430 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 78% decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (60,228). Over 3,900 refugees and migrants reached Italian shores in May, which is an increase compared to numbers registered in February, March and April. However, monthly arrivals are significantly lower than in May 2017, when almost 23,000 were registered at landing points in southern Italy.