The Lake Chad Basin is facing the worst cholera outbreak since 2010. With more than 38,000 cases and 845 deaths officially reported in Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria since the beginning of 2018, it is 15 times more than the average cholera caseload over the past four years.
This SitRep was produced by OCHA in association with humanitarian partners and is focused on the internal displacements since 21 July 2015. It was published by OCHA Chad and covers the period from 1 January to 28 February 2018. The next publication will be around 15 May 2018.
• The joint military operations of the Multinational Joint Taskforce in the Lake Chad Basin could lead to new population movements and limit humanitarian access in some areas.
• According to the latest Cadre Harmonisé (CH) report released in March, more than 50,000 people could experience famine-like conditions across the three most affected states of the North-East region from June to August;
• While humanitarian partners have scaled up emergency response in all sectors, gaps remain and new needs continue to emerge in outlying areas due to population movements and returns;
The security situation remained calm, despite some incidents related to inter-communal tensions or acts allegedly perpetrated by armed elements.
Two multisector assessments in the return areas of women and children having allegedly surrendered highlighted many vulnerabilities and the likely return of nearly 40,000 people in the southern part of Bol canton.
New displacements to Koulkime and Kousserie were reported, caused by a feeling of insecurity among the population.
On 17 January, a Nigerian military jet accidentally bombs an IDP site in Rann locality, Borno state, killing at least 112 civilians, including six Nigerian Red Cross workers, and wounding 100.
The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Cameroon reaches 191,908 in the country’s Far North, more than doubling since 2015.
• Assessment missions in December identify severe needs in several LGAs in Borno State. Large numbers of IDPs who have recently arrived at sites in Monguno, Banki, Baga and Rann are in dire conditions and urgently need assistance.
• In Magumeri LGA, 5 per cent of children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition, and a further 25 per cent from moderate acute malnutrition.
• Partners in December deliver food or cash assistance to more than one million people in north-east Nigeria.
The UN and its partners revised the 2016 Humanitarian Needs and Response Overview (HNRO) for the Lake Chad Basin summarizing the immediate humanitarian needs of 9.2 million affected people. The HRNO requests US$739 million for humanitarian response in 2016, of which $197 million has already been received. The remaining unmet requirement of $522 million includes $368 million for Nigeria, $56 million for Chad, $55 million for Cameroon, and $44 million for Niger, respectively.
- The results of the mid-August Cadre Harmonisé food security assessment in north-eastern Nigeria reveal a considerable deterioration of food security, with more than 4.4 million people estimated to be facing “crisis” and “emergency” levels. At least 65 000 people are experiencing famine-like conditions1 .
• On 28 July, a humanitarian convoy returning from Bama to Maiduguri was attacked by suspected Boko Haram elements. The convoy included staff from UNICEF, UNFPA, and IOM. The United Nations has temporarily suspended road and overnight missions to Bama for the next month.
- Recent improvements in humanitarian access have uncovered emergency levels of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and famine-like conditions in Borno State, and particularly in 15 satellite camps, where some 275,000 people are living.
- Boko Haram elements have mounted several attacks in recent weeks, displacing tens of thousands of people in the conflict-hit regions of the Lake Chad Basin.
The Lake Chad Basin continues to witness violence, displacement and food insecurity. In north-eastern Nigeria, around 2.5 million people are facing hunger. Without urgent assistance, a famine-like situation could occur in the worst-affected areas.
Security and humanitarian conditions are deteriorating in south-east Niger, where hundreds of thousands of people settled after fleeing Boko Haram violence.
Regional Highlights - Boko Haram gunmen continue to carry out attacks on civilian and military targets despite the ramped up military operations. Security remains volatile in many conflict-affected areas, complicating humanitarian access to those in need.