591 training programs
Truth Commissions are by now an integral part of the transitional justice vocabulary and practice.
In countries as varied as Peru, South Africa, Timor-Leste, Tunisia, Kenya and Brazil, truth commissions have been set up to investigate the patterns of past human rights violations.
The 2019 Spring School will provide a comprehensive, multidimensional and practical examination of this transitional justice mechanism, shedding light on both its aims and the practical challenges it has met or is likely to meet.
This short course will provide participants with a comprehensive introduction to both substantive human rights law as well as the functioning of international mechanisms for the protection of human rights.
The programme is structured around four modules that provide a solid theoretical and practical knowledge of the law that applies to armed conflicts. Modules are complemented by a five-day intensive extracurricular seminar, Leading in the Human Rights Council, and the writing of a master’s thesis.
Module 1: Public International Law
This module comprises courses on the sources and subjects of public international law, sanctions in public international law, and the rules that govern the use of force in international law and the ‘Responsibility to Protect’.
Our Master of Advanced Studies in Transitional Justice, Human Rights and the Rule of Law (MTJ) is one of the very few courses on this subject worldwide. It is structured around the following five components.
Core courses are mandatory and are spread over the two semesters. They are structured in six modules that cover central theoretical and practical issues in the fields of transitional justice, human rights and the rule of law.
Our LLM (60 ECTS) is one of the most innovative and intellectually challenging programmes in international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights offered in Europe today. It is structured around the following seven components.
Core courses are mandatory and provide a solid legal basis and understanding of public international law, IHL, international human rights law, international refugee law and international criminal law.
International criminal justice has been facing many challenges over the course of its history. From the creation of necessary norms and institutions to enforce it to political resistance to making itself relevant, it has faced a range problems and difficulties, not all of them are behind it. The course will focus on five particular categories of challenges: legal or normative, investigative and evidential, political, the defence, and the legacy.
While international humanitarian law (IHL) was initially drafted and is still most detailed for international armed conflicts (IACs), most armed conflicts are today of a non-international character (NIACs).
This course discusses the protection offered by IHL in NIACs and examines why and to what extent IHL of IACs and IHL of NIACs are different or similar, as well as where the rules applicable to NIACs can be found. It also addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
Since the 9.11 attacks, and with the multiplication of terrorist attacks on European soil, terrorism is considered one of the most important security threats the international community has to face. To what extent may states limit and/or derogate from their international human rights obligations in order to prevent and counter terrorism and thus protect persons under their jurisdiction? Which and whose human rights are at risk when states fight terrorism? What are the human rights challenges posed by the United Nations counter-terrorist sanctions regime?
Who is a refugee? What is the legal framework currently applicable to those fleeing states affected by armed conflicts like Syria, Iraq or Afghanistan? What are the related obligations of European states? This course analyses the main international and regional legal norms governing refugee protection. It examines the sources of international refugee law, including the 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, and their interaction with human rights law and international humanitarian law.
What role do sanctions play in international law? What are the conditions for implementing sanctions against a state? Who decides? Are sanctions a useful tool for avoiding or stopping armed conflicts? This course provides an introduction to the regime of sanctions under international law and their effectiveness in addressing contemporary forms of conflict. It addresses the questions related to state responsibility, the pacific settlement of international disputes and the role of the International Court of Justice.
This course focuses on the specific issues that arise in times of armed conflict regarding the respect, protection and fulfilment of human rights. It addresses key issues like the applicability of human rights in times of armed conflict; the possibilities of restricting human rights under systems of limitations and derogations; and the extraterritorial application of human rights law.
This course focuses on the functioning and the mechanisms of the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Council, as well as on the dynamics at play in this major human rights body.
An interactive way of teaching empowers participants – both those who already know the HRC from inside and those who are not familiar with this multilateral world of negotiations and politics – to better understand the HRC.
This course aims to study, in depth, an emblematic example of the complexity of international humanitarian law (IHL) and the challenges it raises: the classification of armed conflicts (ACs). The course first analyzes the contours of the various categories of ACs (e.g. international AC, internationalized non-international ACs, wars of national liberation, belligerent occupations, high-intensity and low-intensity non-international ACs) in connection with the traditional distinction between non-international and international ACs.